Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture

If you like honey, fear not the bees. -African Proverb

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Prosecuting Criminals for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was established by the United Nations Security Council to prosecute those responsible for the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

Rwanda Genocide Memorial one of six mass graves.Since its inception, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda or ICTR indicted 93 individuals for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Rwanda 1994. In 1959 Tutsi refugees from Rwanda migrate into Ruanda-Urundi however in 1962 Urundi is separated from Ruanda-Urundi and becomes independent kingdom of Burundi. From 1963 to 1994 Tutsis to fled to Burundi due to some of the worst atrocities and lingering resentments leading to massacres of Tutsis throughout Rwanda. Paul Rusesabagina, a hotel manager in Kigali Rwanda housed Tutsi refugees during their fight against the Hutu militia during a 100-day period between April and June 1994 in Rwanda. The Rwandan genocides, led by the Hutu majority to control Rwanda left in its wake at least 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus dead.

The ICTR has six cases still waiting for trial including Bernard Munyagishari, a former Interahamwe and National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development Hutu militia leader. He was arrested as being the Rwandan genocide mastermind. Munyagishari was arrested in May 2011 in Kachanga, North Kivu of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as of May 2015 the trial has not begun in Rwanda.

According to ICTR, of the 90 persons indicted, 9 remain at large with a 5 million dollar reward. Félicien Kabuga, Protais Mpiranya, Augustin Bizimana, Fulgence Kayishema, Charles Sikubwabo (no photo), Ladislas Ntaganzwa, Aloys Ndimbati, Ryandikayo (no photo), and Phénéas Munyarugarama.

Wanted for Rwandan 1994 Genocide


Tel.: +250 78830 1539 / +250 78830 1543 / +250 78830 2627

The ICTR concluded proceedings for 78 accused of the 1994 Rwandan genocide including 4 transferred to other jurisdictions:

32 - Transferred to a State to serve sentence

7 - Awaiting transfer to a State to serve their sentence

14 - Have served their sentence

3 - Died before or while serving their sentence

14 - Acquitted and released

2 - Indictments withdrawn

2 - Died before judgement

4 - Transferred to other jurisdictions: Rwanda (2) and France (2)

Share this page

Trending Now

Did you know?

The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb

A tree without roots cannot survive the wind

A tree without roots cannot survive the wind
African Proverb