Africa: African Culture (African food news culture) Folktales

Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture

If you like honey, fear not the bees. -African Proverb

Saturday, August 19, 2017

Africa August 21, 2017 Eclipse Map

Eclipse Map

Africa August 21, 2017 Eclipse Map

West African Cape Verde experiencing a nearly 85% total Solar Eclipse

For the August 21, 2017 total Solar Eclipse, the map shows where the total solar eclipse on is visible in Africa.

Africa August 21, 2017 Eclipse Map

Africa 2017 Eclipse Map
Africa 2017 Eclipse Map
Partial eclipse will happen in North and West Africa with Cape Verde experiencing a nearly 85% total Solar Eclipse. Cabo Verde formally known as Cape Verde until 2013 is a group of 18 U-shaped islands located off mainland Western Africa in the Atlantic Ocean.

Most calendar years have two solar eclipses. The maximum number of solar eclipses that can take place in the same year is five, but this is rare. 

According to NASA calculations, only about 25 years in the past 5,000 years have had five solar eclipses. The last time this happened was in 1935, and the next time will be in 2206.

There are three main types of solar eclipses
  • ·        Total solar eclipses
  • ·        Partial solar eclipses
  • ·        Annular eclipses

When Does a Solar Eclipse Occur?

Solar eclipses can only happen around New Moon because of the alignment of Earth, the Moon, and the Sun, which happens at that time. However, this does not mean that eclipses of the Sun happen every New Moon night.

The New Moon and the Sun also have to be near a lunar node, which happens a little less than 6 months apart, and lasts, on average, around 34.5 days. This period is called the eclipse season, and it is the only time that eclipses take place.

Three Cabo Verde Facts

Cabo Verde islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century.

Cabo Verde was a trading center for African
slaves and later an important coaling and resupply stop for whaling and transatlantic shipping.

Most Cabo Verdeans have both African and Portuguese ancestors.

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American Colonization Society, Six African Kings and Haiti

American Colonization Society

American Colonization Society Back to Africa Movement

Go back to Africa

The American Colonization Society (ACS) platform to freed blacks in America was if you do not like it here in America, ships are leaving the harbor, and we want to help you go back to Africa.

Note Emigrants are persons who leave their own country in order to settle permanently in another. Immigrants are people who come to one country from another to settle.

The American Colonization Society (ACS) had its origins in 1816, when Charles Fenton Mercer, a Federalist member of the Virginia General Assembly, discovered accounts of earlier legislative debates on black colonization in the wake of Gabriel Prosser's rebellion.

On December 21, 1816, the society was officially established at the Davis Hotel in Washington, D.C. Attendees included James Monroe, Bushrod Washington, Andrew Jackson, Francis Scott Key, and Daniel Webster, with Henry Clay presiding over the meeting.

Liberia drums
Song of Africa
The ACS was formed in 1817 to send free blacks to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. On February 6, 1820, the first ship, the Elizabeth, sailed from New York for West Africa with three white ACS agents and 88 freed blacks emigrants aboard.

In 1822, the society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in 1847 became the independent nation of Liberia. In 1850, Virginia set aside $30,000 annually for five years to aid and support emigration. During the 1850s, the society also received several thousand dollars from the New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Missouri, and Maryland legislatures.

Pennsylvania, Maryland and Mississippi set up their own state societies and colonies on the coast next to Liberia.  Mississippi-in-Africa joined Liberia in 1847; the Republic of Maryland, established as a colony in the 1830s and by 1867, the societies had sent more than 13,000 black emigrants to Africa. Because the United States refused to claim sovereignty over Liberia, in 1846 the ACS ordered the Liberians to proclaim their independence.

From the start, colonization of free blacks in Africa was an issue on which both whites and blacks were divided.

Some blacks supported emigration because they thought that blacks would never receive justice in the United States. Others believed blacks should remain in the United States to fight against slavery and for full legal rights as American citizens. Some whites saw colonization as a way of ridding the nation of blacks, while others believed blacks would be happier in Africa, where they could live free of racial discrimination. Still others believed black American colonists could play a central role in Christianizing and civilizing black Africans.

In December 1821, Dr. Ayres the American Colonization Society Colonial Agent in Liberia wrote to the ACS Board;
Liberia near Monrovia Hotel-Ducor
Liberia near Monrovia Hotel-Ducor 

“The Gentlemen of the Board will expect me to say something of the hostility of the natives. There is not a king or headman, within 50 or 80 miles of us, who can arm, properly, 50 men. They are cowardly in the extreme, and have little control over their men. Besides, there is the same jealousy and political selfishness existing among them, which has served so much, to check the accumulation of power, and the prosecution of their ambitious schemes, among the different States of Europe. Not one of them, I fear.”

In 1821, the American Colonization Society dispatched a representative, Dr. Eli Ayers, to purchase land. December 1821, with the aid of Robert F. Stockton, a U.S. naval officer, they sailed to Cape Montserado, to purchase land from the African Kings whom they named, King Peter, King George, King Zoda, King Long Peter, King Governor, and King Jimmy. King Peter, was reluctant to surrender the land to the white ACS agents, but was forcefully persuaded.

Stores in the Waterside Market section of Monrovia Liberia
Stores in the Waterside Market section of Monrovia Liberia
Ayres wanted to buy land from the Kings large enough for homes and farms with excellent springs of water, fertile soil on the banks of a river as large as the Connecticut and with one of the best harbors between Gibraltar and the Cape of Good Hope for $300 dollars.  Ayres stated, “We gave them our rum and tobacco, and returned to our vessel. 

The island at the mouth of the river we have named Perseverance to perpetuate the long and tedious trouble we had in obtaining the land.  A settlement will begin immediately at Cape Montsera.”

In May 1825, Jehudi Ashmun, a Colonial Agent in Liberia for the ACS also took steps to buy land from African Kings along the coast and on major rivers leading inland. Like his predecessor Dr. Ayres, who in 1821 persuaded African King Peter to sell Cape Montserado. In his agreement of May 1825, the Kings contracted to sell land in return for 500 bars of tobacco, three barrels of rum, five casks of powder, five umbrellas, ten iron posts, and ten pairs of shoes, among other items.

Ashmun journal contains the following account of the Colonial Agent’s conversation with King Peter and King Long Peter, on August 14, 1825; "The chiefs inquired whether goods had been sent to pay for the lands, I answered that the ACS believed that nearly the whole price had been paid to King Peter many years ago. Should more goods and fresh instructions in relation to the purchase of the lands arrive from America, he would call a general meeting of the Kings."

What was the Gabriel Prosser rebellion

As a child, Gabriel Prosser was taught to read and write. His master, Thomas Henry allowed Gabriel to hire himself out to masters in and around Richmond, giving him access to a certain amount of freedom, as well as money.

Gabriel also met fellow hired slaves, free blacks, during his travels. Inspired by the island of Saint-Domingue (Haiti), Prosser lead a slave rebellion in Richmond Virginia the summer of 1800. His plan involved seizing Capitol Square in Richmond and taking Governor James Monroe as a hostage but, plans regarding the rebellion were leaked and around 65 slaves were tried in court.

Prosser and 26 slaves were executed by hanging in public. Virginia paid over $8900 to slaveholders for the executed slaves. Virginia and other slaveholding states passed restrictions on free blacks and making it a crime to educate blacks. It was also illegal for more than two blacks to meet without a white person present.

Saint-Domingue (Haiti) did you know?

In 1791, slaves and free blacks of Saint-Domingue began waging a rebellion against French rule following the abolition of slavery in the colony in 1793. French troops withdrew from the western portion of Hispaniola island in 1803, and the colony later declared its independence as Haiti in 1804.

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Friday, August 18, 2017

African Ghost Towns and Wild Horses

Ghost towns and wild horses in the Southern African country of Namibia

African Namib Desert Ghost Towns and Wild Horses

The Namib Desert of Southern Africa is one of the worlds oldest and largest deserts, the origins of the wild horses of the Namib Desert is a secret the desert ghost towns keeps to herself.

Kolmanskop was a rich German diamond-mining town but presently is a ghost town in the Namib Desert visited only by Namib wild horses and the occasional tourist. Origins of the wild horses of the Namib Desert remains a mystery fueled by theories and urban legends because originally there were no horses in southern Africa. There have been a number of theories proposed over the years as to the origin of the wild horses in the Southern African country of Namibia.

One theory is around 1914 during WWI the Union of South African troops were stationed at the small town of Garub. The German forces set up a stronghold in the hills at the town of Aus, which bombed the Union camp sporadically. It is believed the Union forces might not have had enough time to round up all the horses before advancing on the retreating Germans and thus horses were left behind.

Another theory is Emil Kreplin, who was the mayor of the town of Lüderitz from 1909 to 1914, had a horse farm near the town of Aus. Kreplin bred 2,000 workhorses for the mines and racehorses however; he was drafted into the Union of South Africa Army and while fighting in the war he lost his fortune.

Ghost towns and wild horses of the African Namib Desert
African Ghost Towns and Wild Horses 

Kreplin’s horses were ownerless began to scatter throughout the area. Whatever their origin is, for nearly a century the Namib Desert horses developed generation after generation becoming a wild breed. The wild horses maybe regarded as a breed in their own right, the Namibs.
The desert horses gather in the area around the town of Aus, finding water at the springs and at the Garub borehole or well. Namibs gather-around the permanent water source Garub’s well which is a water drinking trough currently maintained by Namib Naukluft Park.

The Garub well was originally created for topping off locomotives on the nearby railway line but today a scenic photo opportunity area and shelter was erected at the drinking trough at Garub to give visitors the opportunity to watch and study the Namib wild horses. The Namib desert of Africa is one of the world’s oldest and largest deserts, the origins of the wild horses of the Namib desert is a secret the desert keeps to herself.

African Ghost Towns and Wild Horses

African Ghost Towns three facts

In Central African Republic towns of Goroumo, Beogombo Deux, and Paoua are among the many deserted villages created by the actions of government forces and killings by armed gangs from the years 2005 to 2008.

Western Sahara, La Güera is a ghost town on the Atlantic coast at the southern tip of Western Sahara. It is Western Sahara's southernmost town. It has been uninhabited and partly buried by drifting sand since 2002.

In South Sudan Lukangol was destroyed during the 2011 South Sudan war but before its destruction, it had a population of 20,000.

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Did you know?

The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb

A tree without roots cannot survive the wind

A tree without roots cannot survive the wind
African Proverb