Saturday, August 1, 2015

100% Effective Ebola Thats Enough Vaccine

The trial Ebola vaccine was named Ebola ça Suffit, French for Ebola that's enough. The early trials of the VSV-EBOV NewLink Genetics and Merck Vaccines USA in Conakry, Guinea are 100% effective states researchers.

Ebola Thats Enough Trail Vaccine
More than 11,500 people have died from Ebola since the epidemic began in Guinea in December 2013. An Ebola vaccine developed in record time has proved highly effective against the deadly virus in a large trial in Guinea and could now be used to help end a vast outbreak in West Africa, researchers said on Friday July 31, 2015.

The first person to receive the trial vaccine in Guinea was Mohamed Soumah, 27. He tells The World Health Organization (WHO): "It wasn't easy. People in the village said that the injection was to kill me. I was afraid. I was the first one to be injected, the very first, here in my village on March 23, 2015. I've been monitored for 3 months and I've had no problems. The last follow-up, 84 days after the vaccination, was all clear."

Doctors Without Borders in Congo
Doctors Without Borders in Congo
"The estimated vaccine efficacy was 100 percent," a team of researchers say. The vaccine is administered via a shot to the upper arm. The researchers who ran the trial say their results suggest a single injection is highly effective, and that protection against Ebola can be established quickly. They're also still analyzing possible adverse reactions to the drug.

The trial was called Ebola ça Suffit, French for "Ebola that's enough." Funded by the World Health Organization and other groups, it started in April and ended on July 20, relying on participants who consented to be part of the trial. The more than 20 researchers who took part published their findings in The Lancet medical journal on Friday July 31, 2104.

Ebola Facts

·        Ebola got its name from the Ebola River in then Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Ebola River is a branch of the Congo River which is the world’s deepest river.

·        Ebola first appeared in June and July in 1976 in simultaneous outbreaks in Nzara, South Sudan, and Yambuku, Democratic Republic of the Congo located in Central Africa

·        Fruit bats aka Flying Foxes are considered to be the original host of the Ebola virus

·        The time from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms is 2 to 21 days.

·        Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. Ebola then spreads through human to human transmission through direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons and with surfaces and materials such as bedding and clothing contaminated with these fluids.

The rVSV-ZEBOV and VSV-EBOV Ebola vaccine trial dates and location for NewLink Genetics and Merck Vaccines USA companies.

Friday, July 31, 2015

Africa Hunting Safari Tourism: Around 600 Lions Killed Each Year

Cecil the lion, hunting the African Big 5. Tourist hunters kill around 105,000 animals per year in Africa. The question remains if hunting safari tourism generates income for Africa or does it pay for itself.

Cecil the lion, hunting the African Big 5.
Cecil the lion, hunting the African Big 5.
Palmer allegedly lured Cecil out of Hwange National Park which is a protective reserve in Zimbabwe; shot Cecil the lion with a bow, tracked Cecil the lion for 20-40 hours, killed him then skinned and beheaded the 13 year old lion pride master, Cecil. The lion was collared and part of a study, after the kill the tracking collar was destroyed. Palmer allegedly paid $50,000 to hunt the lion with a crossbow near Hwange National Park in western Zimbabwe.

Eleven countries in Africa allow big game hunting in the wild
·        Benin
·        Botswana
·        Burkina Faso
·        Cameroon
·        Central African Republic
·        Ethiopia
·        Namibia
·        South Africa
·        Tanzania
·        Zambia
·        Zimbabwe

According to Wildlife Extra, around 18,500 tourist hunters go big game hunting in Africa every year. Hunts are organized by approximately 1,300 organizations that employ around 3,400 guides and 15,000 local staff. On average, a hunting safari organization will only have an average of 14.5 hunt clients per year and each guide will only take 5.5 hunters out annually. The question remains if hunting safari tourism generates income for Africa or does it pay for itself.

“Big Five” mammals are the elephant, lion, leopard, water buffalo, and rhino. According to Wildlife Extra Tourist hunters kill around 105,000 animals per year, including around 640 elephants, 3,800 buffalo, 600 lions and 800 leopards. Such quantities are not necessarily reasonable. It can be noted for example, that killing 600 lions out of a total population of around 25,000 which is 2.4%of the population is not sustainable. A hunting trip usually lasts from one to three weeks, during which time each hunter kills an average of two to ten animals, depending on the country. 

Zimbabwe started extradition proceedings and hopes the U.S. will cooperate, said Oppah Muchinguri, the African nation's environment minister. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are also investigating the circumstances of Cecil the lion's death.

When the World is Against You African Proverbs

African proverbs to help remember that a happy life is up to you; and even when trouble comes your way, what is important is not the problem, but how you respond. When you think the world is against you, a positive response is a sign of courage; you can go the distance in a bumpy life with unitystrength and wisdom. Trouble doesn't last always. 

Don't expect the same results from the things that look alike.
When the World is Against You African Proverbs photo by Tambako the Jaguar
Na! Life is good even when my luck is bad!

A stranger cannot know the secret paths of the village.

Around a flowering tree are many insects

Tomorrow is pregnant and no one knows what she will give birth to.

A fool is a wise man's ladder.

The frog enjoys himself in water but not in hot water.

Although the grass looks even, there are paths in between.

One who lives to earn praise will impoverish himself.

Thursday, July 30, 2015

Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Proverbs

Chinua Achebe, was christened at birth Albert Chinualumogu Achebe in an Igbo village in Africa's largest country, Nigeria. Things Fall Apart is written in proverbs intertwined between two tragic stories. 

Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Proverbs
Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Proverbs
The Igbo are the second largest group of people in Igboland Nigeria living mainly in southeastern area of the country. Proverbs are important to people of Africa and the world. African proverbs communicate timeless wisdom and insight about truth and sincerity, kindness and wickedness and wisdom and foolishness. 

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa

The New Seven Natural Wonders of Africa were announced in Arusha, Tanzania February 2013. The seven that made the list are Mount Kilimanjaro, The Red Sea Reef, Okavango Delta, Sahara Desert, The Nile River, Serengeti Migration and Ngorongoro Crater. Three of the seven natural wonders of Africa are in Tanzania.

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa
Lioness roars in Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania 
Votes were cast from around the world for the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa by photographers, conservation experts, museums, authors, researchers, environmentalists, travel tourism experts, and government, NGO's and private specialists. The President and the founder of the Texas US based not for profit New Seven Wonders is Dr. Philip Imler. According to Natural Wonders Website, votes were based on statistical and traditional significance along with uniqueness and pure splendor.

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa

The Serengeti Plains great migration
The Serengeti Plains great migration
The Serengeti Plains is home to the largest land migration in the world. Tanzania and Kenya Serengeti Migration received the most votes making it the most recognized wonder of nature. It is the longest and largest overland migration in the world.

The Red Sea Reef of Egypt and Sudan are over 5,000 years old, extending along 1,240 miles of shoreline.

Nile River the grandfather of all African rivers is the longest river in the world flowing into more than 10 counties in Africa.

The Sahara Desert encompassing nearly 10 counties high gusting winds are capable of forming sand dunes more than 100 feet high.

The around 68,000 sq km or 17 million acre Okavango Delta marshlands and plains are home to some of the world’s most endangered species of large animals, such as lions and cheetahs, white and black rhinoceros, and the endangered African wild dog.

Ngorongoro Crater is a natural wonder due to the great variety of Wildlife. Ngorongoro Crater is referred to as Africa's Garden of Eden.

Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest Mountain
The roof of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest Mountain. 
The roof of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest Mountain. Nearly every climber who has summited Uhuru Peak, the highest summit on Kibo’s crater rim, has recorded his or her thoughts about the accomplishment in a book stored in a wooden box at the top.

Don't be confused because there are numerous Seven Natural Wonders lists;

World Heritage site Victoria Falls in Zambia Africa is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World but, it did not make the list for the New Seven Natural Wonders of Africa.

The seven ancient wonders are The Great Pyramid of Giza, which can still be seen today; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon; the Statue of Zeus at Olympia; the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus; the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus; the Colossus of Rhodes; and the Lighthouse of Alexandria.

The Seven Wonders of the Modern World are the Channel Tunnel, CN Tower, Empire State Building, Golden Gate Bridge, Itaipu Dam, Netherlands North Sea Protection Works and the Panama Canal. All Seven Wonders of the Modern World are manmade structures.
World Heritage site Victoria Falls in Zambia Africa
Victoria Falls

On September 7, 2007 the official New Seven Wonders of the World were announced, after more than 100 million votes were cast worldwide, they are the Great Wall of China, Petra, Chichén Itzá, the Statue of Christ Redeemer, the Colosseum, Machu Picchu and the Taj Mahal. The Seven Natural Wonders of the world are the Aurora Borealis, the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro, the Grand Canyon, the Great Barrier Reef, Mount Everest, Paricutin and Victoria Falls.

There are numerous Seven Natural Wonders lists; any list of the Seven Wonders of the World is subjective, based on the individual or group of individuals who developed the list. The mission of Seven Natural Wonders of Africa is to promote and protect the natural wonders of Africa.

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