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Thursday, October 19, 2017

Mercury Poisoning Happens Every Day In Africa

Mercury Poisoning Happens Every Day In Africa

Mercury Environment Poisoning, Minamata Convention on Mercury
Exposure to mercury even in small amounts may cause serious health problems as in the case of Minamata disease.

Mining for gold in Mali Africa

Mercury Poisoning Happens Every Day In Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80. Mercury is one of the top ten chemicals of major public health concern.

What is the Minamata Convention on Mercury?


Minamata disease is a debilitating neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. The serious health and environmental effects resulting from the mercury pollution, and the need to ensure proper management of mercury gave birth to the Minamata Convention on Mercury. 

The objective of the Minamata Convention on Mercury is to protect the human health and the environment and releases of mercury and mercury compounds into the ground, air and water environment.

Minamata Convention on Mercury addresses the health concerns, especially in developing countries, resulting from exposure to mercury of vulnerable populations, especially women, children, and, through them, future generations and contamination of the environment for decades.

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining


Mercury occurs naturally in the earth's crust and is released into the environment from volcanic activity, weathering of rocks and human activity. Human activity is the main cause of mercury releases as a result of mining for mercury, gold and other metals and many other factors.

Artisanal and Small-scale mining (ASM) refers to unlawful mining in Africa and other countries by miners using low technology or minimal mining machinery usually under dangerous conditions. The Minamata Convention on Mercury action plan on Artisanal and small-scale gold mining is to eliminate:

1.     Whole ore amalgamation
2.     Open burning of amalgam or processed amalgam
3.     Burning of amalgam in residential areas
4.     Cyanide leaching in sediment, ore or tailings to which mercury has been added without first removing the mercury

Madagascar small scale gold mining

In addition to facilitating the formalization or regulation of the artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector, keeping statistics on the quantities of mercury used and the practices employed in artisanal and small-scale gold mining and processing within its territory, creating a public health policy on the exposure of artisanal and small-scale gold miners and their communities to mercury.

Since ASM's are unlicensed, they are not regulated and health and safety issues, pollution to the environment, and child labor are chief concerns. Accidents and injuries from mining in unsafe tunnels, unprotected open pits and use of explosives lead to severe and fatal accidents. Chemical exposure and limited access to safety equipment are a day-to-day risk for poor miners.


Mining Africa's Health


Minamata Convention on Mercury was held in Kumamoto, Japan on October 10, 2013 and on August 16, 2017, entered into force. The following African Countries have signed the Minamata Convention on Mercury:


Mining Africa's Health The Minamata Convention on Mercury

African Country
Signature Date
Algeria
No data
Angola
11 Oct 2013 
Benin
10 Oct 2013 
Botswana
No data
Burkina Faso
10 Oct 2013 
Burundi
14 Feb 2014 
Cameroon
24 Sep 2014 
Central African Republic
10 Oct 2013 
Chad
25 Sep 2014 
Congo
 8 Oct 2014 
Côte d'Ivoire
10 Oct 2013 
Democratic Republic of the Congo
No data
Djibouti
10 Oct 2013 
Egypt
No data
Equatorial Guinea
No data
Eritrea
No data
Ethiopia
10 Oct 2013 
Gabon
30 Jun 2014 
Gambia
10 Oct 2013 
Ghana
24 Sep 2014 
Guinea
25 Nov 2013 
Guinea-Bissau
24 Sep 2014 
Kenya
10 Oct 2013 
Lesotho
No data
Liberia
24 Sep 2014 
Libya
10 Oct 2013 
Madagascar
10 Oct 2013 
Malawi
10 Oct 2013 
Mali
10 Oct 2013 
Mauritania
11 Oct 2013 
Mauritius
10 Oct 2013 
Morocco
 6 Jun 2014 
Mozambique
10 Oct 2013 
Namibia
No data
Niger
10 Oct 2013 
Nigeria
10 Oct 2013 
Republic of Cabo Verde
No data
Rwanda
No data
Sao Tome and Principe
No data
Senegal
11 Oct 2013 
Seychelles
27 May 2014 
Sierra Leone
12 Aug 2014 
Somalia
No data
South Africa
10 Oct 2013 
South Sudan
No data
Sudan
24 Sep 2014 
Swaziland
No data
Togo
10 Oct 2013 
Tunisia
10 Oct 2013 
Uganda
10 Oct 2013 
United Republic of Tanzania
10 Oct 2013 
Zambia
10 Oct 2013 
Zimbabwe
11 Oct 2013 


Did you know?
Mercury is contained in many products, including batteries, thermometers and barometers, electric switches and relays in equipment Lamps including some types of light bulbs, dental amalgam for dental fillings, skin-lightening products and other cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

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Wednesday, October 18, 2017

Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia Learn All About The Northern Most Region of the African Continent

Learn All About The Northern-Most Region of the African Continent And The Atlas Mountains

Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Atlas Mountains
The Maghreb region Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia share the Atlas Mountain range which extends more than 1,200 miles or 2,000 kilometers, from the Moroccan port of Agadir in the southwest, through Algeria to the Tunisian capital of Tunis in the northeast.

Shopping in Morocco

Learn All About The Northern-Most Region of the African Continent And The Atlas Mountains


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



Highest point‎ of the Atlas Mountain is ‎Jbel Toubkal south of Marrakech, Morocco reaching 13,665 feet or 4,165 meters and is the highest peak in the High Atlas as well as in North Africa. The Atlas ranges dominate the landscapes of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, differentiating them from the other North African countries, where desert geography dominates the Northern African landscapes.
North Africa is a loosely established term for a group of African countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and situated in the northern-most region of the African continent above the Sahara desert.




Learn About The Maghreb region Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.

Morocco

The English name Morocco derives from the Spanish and Portuguese names Marruecos and Marrocos, which stem from Marrakesh the Latin name for the former capital of ancient Morocco; the Arabic name Al Maghrib translates as The West. Marrakesh was the former capital of ancient Morocco while Rabat is the current capital city of Morocco and its second largest city. Casablanca in Arabic Al-Dār al-Bayḍā is Morocco's largest city; Casablanca houses 3.5 million people; Rabat 1.9 million; Fes 1.2 million; Marrakech 1.1 million; Tangier 982,000. Moracco is the only African nation to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.

Algeria

The largest country in Africa, Algeria is located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia. The vast majority of the populace is found in the extreme northern part of the country along the Mediterranean Coast. The capital is Algiers, which has a population of 2.7 million the next largest urban area is Oran 858,000 people. Algeria name derives from the capital city of Algiers whose conventional long form name is People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, conventional short form is Algeria, the local long form is Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah and the local short form is Al Jaza'ir.

Tunisia

In Tunisia, the overwhelming majority of the population is located in the northern half of the country; the south remains largely sparsely populated. Tunisia, in 1960 began Africa’s first national family planning program reducing its total fertility rate from about seven children per woman in 1960 to two in 2017. Tunisia flag is red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam.




Did you know?
North Africa is a loosely established term for a group of African countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and situated in the Northern most region of the African continent above the Sahara desert. The term North Africa has no single accepted definition however; the term sub-Saharan African country has drawn sharp criticism, since no one demarcated northern Africa and sub-Saharan African.




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Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Believe Your Eyes, Le Lac Rose Natural Strawberry Lake of Africa

Believe Your Eyes, Lake Retba Natural Strawberry Lake of Africa

In Africa
There is a natural lake the color of strawberries, Lake Retba or Le Lac Rose lies in Senegal Africa just one hour from its capital city Dakar.

Le Lac Rose Natural Strawberry Lake of Africa

Believe Your Eyes, Le Lac Rose Natural Strawberry Lake of Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Le Lac Rose is sprinkled with salt miners, using their hands and baskets to collect salt. To protect their skin from Senegal Le Lac Rose salty water, miners rub their skin with a very thick lotion, Shea butter.

Lake Retba is named for its pink waters caused by an edible, salt-loving micro-algae dunaliella salina. Dunaliella salina is a microalgae occurring naturally in a number of locations worldwide. Dunaliella salina is an ideal organism to study the effects of saline adaptation in algae.



Le Lac Rose is sprinkled with salt miners, using their hands and shovels to collect salt. Le Lac Rose is a natural curiosity thanks to the exceptional color of its waters that daily turn from colors from African violet to ruby red. 


Covering an area of ​​approximately one sq mile, the lake breaks down into four adjacent sections labeled Khaar Yaala, Khosss, Virage and Darajee. 


The color of Le Lac Rose is particularly visible during the dry season from November to June. The one sq mile strawberry lake has been a candidate for UNESCO World Heritage status since 2005. Several countries around the world have pink lakes, including Senegal, Canada, Spain, Australia and Azerbaijan.
Le Lac Rose Natural Strawberry Lake of Africa


It is estimated 1,000 people work around Le Lac Rose collecting 24,000 tons of the salt each year. Over half of the salt is exported throughout Africa. 

With a maximum depth of less than ¼ mile it contains a significant amount of salt that is labored by salt miners and exported throughout the world for cooking, leather goods and deicing roads. 




Did you know?
The coloring of Le Lac Rose waters changes throughout the day from African violet to ruby red.
.

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