Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture

If you like honey, fear not the bees. -African Proverb

Sunday, May 21, 2017

Spiritual Enemies

The belief in spiritual enemies is common throughout the world. These ill-behaved often-dangerous spirits play tricks on humans and do things to disturb anyone who crosses their path.


Spiritual Enemies


Mischievous spirits are real things to many people in Africa. They dwell in the rivers, the swamps, the forests.
Spiritual Enemies
Mischievous spirits are real things to many people in Africa. They dwell in the rivers, the swamps, the forests, the desert and all places in between. They inhabit the great rifts and waterfalls. Every nook and cranny of Africa may have demons, goblins, evil mermaids and disembodied parts of humankind.

Spirits travel at night, during the day, carry mysterious lights, destroy farms, steal seeds from the town granaries, sprinkle disease and famine among the cattle and people, bewitch children in their sleep, impart gifts of divination, skill and other gratuities to whomsoever they favor, or bring sorrow, persecution, or death, any victim they will.  

The belief in ill-behaved spirits are common throughout the world, a man suddenly disappears; evil spirits have devoured him. A hunter develops an unsteady aim with the gun; an evil spirit has paralyzed his expertise in shooting. A man is worsted in a bargain; his patron spirit has forsaken him. Somebody gets the nightmare; it is a demon attempting to kill him.

They may meet a man in the highway and consume him without ritual. They may meet a woman at the well and bewitch her on the spot. A child playing outside may lose its soul in game played with invisible creatures and nobody be the wiser until they sicken and die.


Types of African Supernatural Creatures


Supernatural beings may be feathered or hoofed, two-legged animal or four-footed animal, with a tail or without a tail, in any form or with no form at all. Against these evils, a strenuous daily fight in which an elaborate assemblage of charms and fetishes must be used.

South Africa’s traditional healers believe that supernatural origins are often the chief cause of disease and have much power over the sick person. Three chief dark powerful creatures are Impaka the cat, Incanti the chameleon and Inqolobane the snake.

Impaka
In its natural state, Incanti is a poisonous snake that is believed to have the power of changing its color or assuming various forms resembling different objects and has great powers of fascination.
Incanti is a poisonous snake 
Impaka is a creature resembling a cat, which has the power of getting inside any house at will. The Impaka is bred by evil spirits and then set on its mission of finding its victim, scratching the body and injecting them with poison.

Incanti
In its natural state, Incanti is a poisonous snake that is believed to have the power of changing its color or assuming various forms resembling different objects and has great powers of fascination. Anyone who comes upon an Icanti is suddenly under a trance and becomes motionless and speechless for days.

Inqumbabane
Inqolobane is a wand like snake which is believed to be the chief cause of uncontrollable high fevers. By getting inside a person, Inqolobane slowly eats the insides of his victim and causing a lingering horrific death.


How to protect yourself with Fetishes


Common to many tribes in Africa is the belief that the fetishes are powerful through their ritualistic carving and sanctification. Fetishes also are made of different special substances and offered sacrifices depending on the need of the person.

A fetish is an object with perceived supernatural powers used to invoke vigilant and protective spirits to drive away evil spirits, invoke the power to afflict a person with a disease or attempt to control destiny. In Africa and throughout the world these beliefs are manifested in some of the most expressive and magical power figures ever created called fetishes. 

Fetish figures throughout Africa are vessels of power that can control and influence things seen and unseen affecting destiny. Fetishes are carved with the intention to be held in the hand or set upright in the ground during a ceremony in which songs, dances, invocations, divinations, and gifts are associated with fetish devotion.

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Saturday, May 20, 2017

South Africa Mango Chicken Skewers

Grilled Mango Chicken Sosaties Skewers


Sosaties are a traditional South African kabob recipe of lamb, chicken or mutton grilled on skewers over a braai or BBQ grill.

Grilled mango chicken Sosaties skewers are one of the great braai or barbeque kabob foods of South Africa.
African Recipes by

Grilled mango chicken Sosaties skewers are one of the great braai or barbeque kabob foods of South Africa.

Prep time: Cook time: Total time:

Grilled Mango Chicken Sosaties Skewers


Ingredients

4 large metal skewers

2 pounds white meat chicken cubed

2 red bell peppers cut into large cubes

2 large onions cut into large cubes


Marinade for chicken

1/2 cup olive oil

3 tablespoons balsamic vinegar

2 tablespoons Indian curry powder

2 tablespoons mango juice

4 sage leaves chopped

1 teaspoon minced garlic

2 tablespoons mango chutney

1/2 teaspoon black pepper

Pinch of salt


Directions

Mix all marinade ingredients well and marinate chicken for at least 3 hours. Thread chicken, peppers and onion alternately on skewers basting with the marinade. Cook over coals for a few minutes on each side until chicken is completely cooked.

Grilled Sosaties Kebobs photo by kennejima

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Friday, May 19, 2017

Who are the first, second, third and fourth world countries

First, second, third and fourth world countries


By right people can pursue their economic, social and cultural development without the labels of first, second, third and fourth world citizen.

Who are the first, second, third and fourth world countries?


·        First World refers to developed, capitalist, industrial countries, North America, Western Europe, Japan and Australia.
·        Second World refers to Russia, Eastern Europe and some of the Turkish States as well as China.
·        Third World includes developing nations of Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
·        Fourth World references stateless groups of people such as people living in refugee camps or people who are entirely self-sufficient, but they do not participate in the global economy.

Fourth World references stateless groups of people such as people living in refugee camps or people who are entirely self-sufficient, but they do not participate in the global economy.
Knufu recalling her life in South Africa
However, there is no official definition of the term Third world however; people in their everyday conversations use the term to describe poor developing countries and inferior individuals.

Alfred Sauvy coined the original meaning of third world, in 1952. Third world meant countries that were unaligned with either the Communist Soviet bloc or the Capitalist NATO bloc during the Cold War. The Cold War roughly 1947-1991 was a time of nonphysical conflict after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc the Western Bloc.

The term Third World implies counties and their people are inferior due to widespread poverty and other factors. Third World obscures all parts of a country's culture and contributions that are not of an economic nature. 

Fourth world people of refugee camps may live in long rows of tents or other shelters where most of the inhabitants rely on aid distributions and are therefore considered Fourth World because they are stateless with no GDP.

By right people can pursue their economic, social and cultural development without the labels of first, second, third and fourth world citizen.
Working on a plantation in Madagascar
By right people can pursue their economic, social and cultural development without the labels of first, second, third and fourth world citizen. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) was adopted by the General Assembly on Thursday, September 13, 2007. 

The document emphasizes the rights of indigenous peoples to live in dignity, to maintain and strengthen their own institutions, cultures and traditions and to pursue their self-determined development, in keeping with their own needs and aspirations.


UNDRIP recognizes the need to respect and promote the inherent rights of indigenous peoples which derive from their political, economic and social structures and from their cultures, spiritual traditions, histories and philosophies, especially their rights to their lands, territories and resources. The document confirms the right of indigenous peoples to self-determination and recognizes subsistence rights and rights to lands, territories and resources. 

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