Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture

He who wants to plant corn must make peace with the crows. -African Proverb

Saturday, February 18, 2017

Conflict Minerals 3TG | Repealing Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act

In the near future there maybe an Executive order to repeal Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act; disclosing the use of the conflict minerals or 3TG, tantalum, tin, gold and tungsten.



What is Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act?

Congress enacted Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act because of concerns that the exploitation and trade of conflict minerals by Militia and corrupt businesspersons is helping to finance conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its neighbors by contributing to war and human misery of millions.
Funding war in Africa

There has been a leak of a proposed executive order from Donald Trump on the temporary 2-year repeal Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act disclosing the use of conflict minerals.

In 2010, Congress passed the Dodd-Frank Act, which directs the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to issue rules requiring certain companies to disclose their use of conflict minerals if those minerals are “necessary to the functionality or production of a product” manufactured by those companies. Under the Act, those minerals include tantalum, tin, gold or tungsten.

Congress enacted Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act because of concerns that the exploitation and trade of conflict minerals by Militia and corrupt businesspersons is helping to finance conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its neighbors by contributing to war and human misery of millions.

Conflict Minerals Report

Conflict Mineral as defined in the Dodd-Frank Act, Section 1502(e)(4) means: (A) columbite-tantalite (coltan), cassiterite, gold, wolframite, or their derivatives; or (B) any other mineral or its derivatives determined by the Secretary of State to be financing conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country.
Conflict minerals

Conflict Mineral as defined in the Dodd-Frank Act, Section 1502(e)(4) means: (A) columbite-tantalite (coltan), cassiterite, gold, wolframite, or their derivatives; or (B) any other mineral or its derivatives determined by the Secretary of State to be financing conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an adjoining country. 

Under Section 1502, a company that uses conflict minerals is required to conduct a reasonable country of origin inquiry that must be performed in good faith and be reasonably designed to determine whether any of its minerals originated in the covered countries or are from scrap or recycled sources.

Companies that are required to file a Conflict Minerals Report must exercise due diligence on the source and chain of custody of their conflict minerals.

Responsible Sourcing of 3TG


According to Apple's 2015 Conflict Minerals Report released March 2016, Apple has all smelters and refiners in Apple’s supply chain participating in a Third Party Audit program. 

Third Party Audits typically involve an examination of individual purchasing transactions on a sample basis to assess the reasonableness and effectiveness of conflict mineral sourcing practices at the particular smelter or refiner. Apple principally supports the work of the Conflict Free Sourcing Initiative or CFSI.
Apple stated it intends to further its efforts to drive smelters and refiners to comply with Third Party Audits, and Apple will continue to remove from its supply chain those smelters or refiners that do not comply, the ultimate objective is protecting human rights in the African Region.
Materials used to make cell phone have a direct
influence on human rights in Africa

Apple states in 2016,” it focused its attention to two key areas: enhancing due diligence in the gold supply chain and helping improve local incident reporting and issue resolution.  

Apple plans to continue to review in detail credible reports of incidents in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and neighboring countries that may potentially connect to Apple’s supply chain and confirm the transparent reporting and resolution of any incidents related to armed groups where these incidents may reasonably relate to its supply chain.”

Additionally, Apple stated it intends to further its efforts to drive smelters and refiners to comply with Third Party Audits, and Apple will continue to remove from its supply chain those smelters or refiners that do not comply, the ultimate objective is protecting human rights in the African Region.


Did you know?

3TG is a sign commonly used for four minerals; 3TG is Tungsten, Tantalum, Tin, and Gold. The 3T's stand for Tungsten, Tantalum, Tin and the “G” stands for gold. 3TG are the most common conflict minerals.

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West African Garri Fritters Recipe

West African Garri Fritters Recipe

West African Garri Fritters Recipe photo by Bob B Brown
African recipes by African Gourmet  

Golden brown Garri Fritters are a favorite recipe of Western Africa made with ground cassava flour and spices fried into delicious snacks.

Prep time: Cook time: Total time:


Ingredients:

2 cups cassava flour

1/2 teaspoon onion powder

1/2 teaspoon garlic salt

1 tablespoon white sugar

1/2 teaspoon black pepper

1/4 - 1/3 cups water

1-2 cups oil for frying

Directions:

In a large frying pan heat vegetable oil. Add all ingredients, mix well and form small fritters, fry until golden brown about 3 minutes on each side. Sprinkle with extra salt or curry powder before serving.

Garri Fritters

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Thursday, February 16, 2017

African Happy Hour

Cheap Eats, Good Friend’s African Happy Hour in Nigeria’s capital city of Lagos.



Suya Spots


Mai Suya, often referred to as Mallam are people who make their living by selling roasted Suya, a spicy skewered meat that is a popular delicacy among many African ethnic groups. However, Suya is a street food that defies ethnic and racial boundaries, as even non-locals enjoy it as much as locals. 

Nigeria’s capital city of Lagos generates about a quarter of Nigeria's total gross domestic product; this is due to impart of the local entrepreneurs, the Suya seller.
Mai Suya, often referred to as Mallam are people who make their living by selling roasted Suya, a spicy skewered meat that is a popular delicacy among many African ethnic groups.
Cheap eats, good friends African happy hour 

One of the most prominent ethnic groups in Northern Nigeria, the Hausa tribe traditionally prepares Suya. Suya sellers create delicious street food from the flames of charcoal grills. 

The Mai Suya enticing grill smoke along with the smell of spices and cooking meat arouses the taste of Lagos elite class and anyone around. Suya stands are a popular roadside snack for commuters, motorists and passers-by, every evening at open markets and malls.

One reason why Suya spots in Lagos are so popular is after a hard day of work, workers seek out relaxation places such as Suya spots or bars to unwind. Suya spots are Lagos equivalent to happy hour where friends and coworkers relax with drinks and suya.

Suya typically costs around 200 naira or .63 cents US for a stick and can be made with grilled chicken, beef, fish bits of kidney, liver and gizzard, and sometimes goat meat, depending on the demand of the clients in the locality.

Suya is generally made with skewered beef, fish or chicken. The meat is rubbed-in with a dry spice mix containing groundnut powder, cayenne pepper, ginger, paprika and onion powder. It is often served with spices, sliced onions, tomatoes, cabbages and other vegetables.


Suya Meat Rub Recipe

Suya typically costs around 200 naira or .63 cents US for a stick and can be made with grilled chicken, beef, fish bits of kidney, liver and gizzard, and sometimes goat meat
Suya
Ingredients:
1 cup roasted peanuts
1 teaspoon garlic powder
1 teaspoon onion powder
2 teaspoons cayenne pepper
1 bouillon cube crushed
¼ teaspoon ginger

Directions:
Add all spices to a coffee grinder and grind carefully taking care not to over process the mixture or it will turn into peanut butter. 

The texture should resemble fine breadcrumbs. Rub spice mix on uncooked meat, rest for 15 minutes and grill as usual. Store unused portions in an airtight container or keep in the freezer in a sealable plastic bag.


Did you know?
Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria, as well as on the African continent and is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.


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The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb