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Prosecuting Criminals for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

Rwandan genocide

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was established by the United Nations Security Council to prosecute those responsible for the 1994 Rwandan genocide.

Prosecuting Criminals for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

Prosecuting Criminals for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide

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Since its inception, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda or ICTR indicted 93 individuals for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Rwanda 1994.

In 1959 Tutsi refugees from Rwanda migrate into Ruanda-Urundi however in 1962 Urundi is separated from Ruanda-Urundi and becomes the independent kingdom of Burundi. From 1963 to 1994 Tutsis to flee to Burundi due to some of the worst atrocities and lingering resentments leading to massacres of Tutsis throughout Rwanda. 

Paul Rusesabagina, a hotel manager in Kigali Rwanda housed Tutsi refugees during their fight against the Hutu militia during a 100-day period between April and June 1994 in Rwanda. The Rwandan genocides, led by the Hutu majority to control Rwanda left in its wake at least 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus dead. 

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda has six cases still waiting for trial including Bernard Munyagishari, a former Interahamwe and National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development Hutu militia leader. 

He was arrested as being the Rwandan genocide mastermind. Munyagishari was arrested in May 2011 in Kachanga, North Kivu of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as of May 2015 the trial has not begun in Rwanda. 

According to International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, of the 90 persons indicted, 9 remain at large with a 5 million dollar reward. Félicien Kabuga, Protais Mpiranya, Augustin Bizimana, Fulgence Kayishema, Charles Sikubwabo (no photo), Ladislas Ntaganzwa, Aloys Ndimbati, Ryandikayo (no photo), and Phénéas Munyarugarama.

Rwanda Genocide Memorial one of six mass graves.

Results for prosecuting criminals for the 1994 Rwandan Genocide; the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda concluded proceedings for 78 accused of the 1994 Rwandan genocide including 4 transferred to other jurisdictions.

32 - Transferred to a State to serve sentence

7 - Awaiting transfer to a State to serve their sentence

14 - Have served their sentence

3 - Died before or while serving their sentence

14 - Acquitted and released

2 - Indictments withdrawn

2 - Died before judgement

4 - Transferred to other jurisdictions: Rwanda (2) and France (2)

If you know any of the wanted for the 1994 Rwandan genocide Email: UNMICTTRACKING@UN.ORG Tel.: +250 78830 1539 / +250 78830 1543 / +250 78830 2627

Update: Ladislas Ntaganzwa was arrested December 2015 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, eight are still at large even though the Rwandan genocide International Criminal Tribunal begun to downsize its activities and staff in compliance with the Completion Strategy in 2015. 

As provided in Security Council resolution 977 of February 22, 1995, the Rwandan genocide International Criminal Tribunal is headquartered in Arusha, Tanzania, with additional offices located in Kigali, New York and The Hague. 

The Chambers consisted of 16 permanent judges and 9 ad litem judges, all chosen by the United Nations General Assembly.


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Being African in America I have grown up learning about different ethnic cultures. My father and mother are historians of African culture and history and their influence expanded my activities to several best-selling cookbooks, magazine columns, self-branded products, and a popular African culture and food blog.

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