So What Africa Has Abundant Natural Resources
Africa is blessed with natural resources... so what? It is the richest continent on the planet remarkable for her rich soil, abundant land, forests and trees, oil, minerals, precious stones and metals, water, and wildlife. Yet Africa remains poor because of a lack of value added manufacturing sectors on the African continent.
|Picking coffee berries in Ethiopia|
The definition of manufacturing is any industry that makes products from raw materials by the use of manual labor or machinery. Value-added manufacturing is the gross receipts of a firm minus the cost of goods and services purchased from other companies, the difference between the value of goods and the cost of materials or supplies that are used in producing them. If the cost of goods and the cost of materials or supplies is more than the cost of the final manufactured product then the product is of no value to Africa.
Africa does not benefit from the processing and manufacturing portion of goods such as coffee beans, timber and cut flowers, only the agricultural. Under development has held most of Africa backwards because African countries are unable to add value to raw materials so Africans can sell on local and international markets and negotiate prices and trade rules favorable to the citizens of Africa.
Africa has an average of only 12.7 percent value-added manufacturing; Algeria has the highest at 24.2 percent in 2019 while Liberia and Sierra Leone are the lowest on the African continent with 1.9 and 1.6 percent. The manufacturing industry plays a big role in boosting a country’s economy. Here are some of the reasons why manufacturing is important to a country as well as its economy; commercial innovation, creation of job opportunities, manufacturing industries help to support other companies; manufacturing companies promote trading in a country, and adds value to the economy of a country.
A solution to the value added manufacturing issues for Africa is for the African Diaspora to seriously invest in the manufacturing industries and firms that would make the greatest contribution to Africa. These have the greatest potential to maintain or expand employment in Africa which are the industries of computers and electronics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, transportation and machinery, manufacturing provides high-wage jobs, especially for workers who would otherwise earn the lowest wages.
|Burundi||8||9||no data||no data||no data|
|Central African Republic||19||19||18||18||18|
|Dem. Rep. of the Congo||17||18||19||18||20|
|Rep. of the Congo||7.3||7.1||6.3||no data||no data|
|Eritrea||no data||no data||no data||no data||no data|
|Libya||no data||no data||no data||no data||no data|
|Madagascar||no data||no data||no data||no data||no data|
|Malawi||9.6||9.5||9.3||no data||no data|
|Sao Tome and Principe||6.3||7||7.2||7.4||no data|
|Somalia||no data||no data||no data||no data||no data|
|South Sudan||3.5||no data||no data||no data||no data|
|Tanzania||7.8||7.8||7.6||no data||no data|