African Culture is World Heritage

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Top Five Potato Planting Countries in Africa

The potato is grown in 37 African countries. Egypt is Africa's number one potato producer and South Africa is sub-Saharan Africa largest potato producer.

Top 5 African Potato Planters. About African potato farming land areas.
Egypt Egypt is the biggest supplier of potatoes to the European Union growing potatoes mostly in the Nile Valley and the Nile Delta.
Algeria The main potato growing areas in Algeria are along the Mediterranean coast where a mild climate permits year-round potato production.
South Africa The four major potato producing areas in South Africa are Limpopo in the northernmost province of South Africa, Western and Eastern Free State in the North West including the Sandveld area.
Morocco The potato is now Morocco's third biggest crop, after sugar beets and wheat, and second only to tomatoes among exported vegetables. Two major potato producing areas are along the Atlantic Coast north and south of Casablanca and in the Atlas mountains.
Tanzania The Governments of Tanzania and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, signed a joint agreement to construct a Potato Centre of Excellence for the development of Irish potatoes in in southwest Tanzania in the Mbeya region.

Potatoes grown in Africa soil.
Potatoes grown in Africa soil.

The potato is grown in more than 150 countries however, Egypt is Africa's number one potato producer and South Africa is sub-Saharan Africa's largest potato producer. In all African countries, potatoes are both a subsistence and commercial crop in Africa. 

As a commercial crop, more potatoes are processed to meet rising demand from the fast food, snack and convenience food industries. As a subsistence crop potatoes grown by farmers for consumption by themselves and their family, leaving little or nothing to be marketed.

The potato Solanum tuberosum originated over 8,000 years ago near Lake Titicaca, which sits at 3,800 meters above sea level in the Andes mountain range of South America, on the border between Bolivia and Peru.

From South America to Africa European colonialism to the potato to all corners of the globe, potatoes are a truly global food. Colonial governors, missionaries and settlers introduced potato growing to North Africa’s Egyptian Nile delta and the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. In sub-Saharan Africa, the potato is a favorite food in many urban areas, and an important crop in Kenya, Malawi and Rwanda.

Ethiopia is Africa's ninth largest producer of potatoes. Many African cuisine is based on the potato as a main ingredient. One of Ethiopia's most popular vegetarian dish is Ethiopian Berber potatoes.

Ethiopian Berber Potato Recipe


Ethiopian Berber Potato Recipe.

Ingredients

3 large white potatoes, unpeeled and diced

2 large tomatoes, diced

2 cups fresh okra, diced

2 green beans, diced

1 small yellow onion, chopped fine

2 cloves garlic, minced

1 small chili pepper, seeded and minced

2 tablespoons berbere spice mix

½ teaspoon ground turmeric

½ teaspoon ground cumin

½ teaspoon salt

1 tablespoon olive oil


Directions

In a large pot over high heat add oil, onions and spices, stir for 2 minutes. Add water slowly, bring water to a boil. Add remaining ingredients. Cook for 20 minutes over medium heat. Serve with Ethiopian Ingera bread.


Fresh, frozen or dehydrated, potatoes are African farmers life-force.


In Africa, the Cipira, Tubira and Jacob potato varieties are part of the Crop Intensification Program lead by the Peru-based International Potato Center. The Tubria is one of the most popular potatoes breed and planted in West Africa with white flesh and pink skin.

The potato is the world’s number one non-grain food product in developing countries claiming fourth place after rice, wheat and corn. Up to 85% of the plant is edible human food, compared with around 50% for cereals. China, India and Russia are the largest producer of potatoes. China is by far the largest producer, accounting for 26% of world production of potatoes.

Out of 54 African countries 37 farm potatoes.
Egypt
Algeria
South Africa
Morocco
Tanzania
Kenya
Nigeria
Malawi
Ethiopia
Rwanda
Angola
Uganda
Tunisia
Sudan
Cameroon
Libya
Mozambique
Madagascar
Niger
Burundi
Lesotho
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Zimbabwe
Senegal
Guinea
Chad
Zambia
Mauritius
Namibia
ESwatini
Republic of the Congo
Mauritania
Cabo Verde
Burkina Faso
Benin
Central African Republic
Eritrea

The world loves factory-made frozen French fries and the average Americans eats about 29 pounds of French-fries every year. Another processed product, potato chips is the long-standing king of snack foods in every United States state. Made from thin slices of deep-fried or baked potato, they come in a variety of flavors from no salt to gourmet varieties such as hot dog or vinegar and salt.

The demand for potato chips, which is the main use of potatoes in the processing sector, is growing rapidly as a result of a change in eating habits as well as the increase in urbanization, fast food restaurants and tourism.

Interesting fact about the potato - The potato crop is usually grown not from seed but from seed potatoes that are small tubers or pieces of tuber. Part of each year's crop, from 5% to 15%, depending on the quality of the harvested tubers is set aside for reuse in the next planting season. Yellowing of the potato plant's leaves and easy separation of the tubers from their stem indicate that the potato has reached maturity. Yes, boiling potatoes in their skins is best as it prevents loss of nutrients.


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Being African in America I have grown up learning about different ethnic cultures. My mother is a historian of African culture and history and her influence expanded my activities to several best-selling cookbooks, magazine columns, self-branded products, and a popular African culture and food blog.

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