The Red Sea separates Africa from Asia; on the Western shore of the Red Sea are the African countries of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti.
Learn about The Red Sea and the four African countries that border the Red Sea
|Red Sea Hotel in Egypt|
Which African countries border the Red Sea? The Red Sea separates Africa from Asia; on the Western shore of the Red Sea are the African countries of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti. The first people known to explore the Red Sea were the Ancient Egyptians, who explored the area around 2500 BC while looking for commercial routes southward.
Red Sea Facts
|Fishing in the Red Sea|
The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean, located between Africa and Asia. This salty sea is just over 190 miles (300 km) across at its widest point, and about 1,200 miles (1,900 km) in length with an estimated average depth of 1,640 feet (500 m).
With the Red Sea’s connection to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal, it is one of the most heavily traveled waterways in the world, carrying maritime traffic between Europe and Asia.
More than 1200 species of fish have been found in the coral reef ecosystem of the Red Sea; more than 100 of these have not been located in any other body of water.
No water enters the Red Sea from rivers and with hot sunny days, and the lack of any significant rainfall, desert dust storms are known to sweep across the sea. High heat combined with the lack of precipitation facilitates high levels of evaporation hence the sea's high salinity.
Most of the islands of the Red Sea are merely exposed reefs. There is, however, a group of active volcanoes just south of the Dahlak Archipelago as well as a recently extinct volcano on the island of Jabal Al-Ṭāʾir.
The greatest historical event connected with the Red Sea is it was the miraculous passageway of the children of Israel, escaping from the Egyptians.
|Red Sea map|
Why is the Red Sea called the Red Sea
So how did the Red Sea get its name? Theories are plentiful, but no one knows for sure how the Red Sea got its name. Some historians believe the Red Sea is named for the Ḥimyarite Kingdom or Ḥimyar, an African kingdom of Arabia who once lived along its shores.
In ancient languages, the colors black, red, green, and white referred to North, South, East, and west, therefore, the red in Red Sea is actually a designator of the Sea's location in the ancient world.
Other theories on how the Red Sea got its name are the Red Sea name derived from the red color of the mountains on the western shore; others from the red coral found in the sea, or the red appearance sometimes given to the water by invertebrate animals which resemble plants floating on its surface.
About the four African countries that border the Red Sea; Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea and Djibouti.