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Sunday, August 22, 2010

Namib Coastal Desert Where the Fog Rolls In

Namib Coastal Desert Where the Fog Rolls In

Namib Desert spectacular scenery
Africa Namib Desert on the Atlantic Ocean coastline of the African Country Namibia means vast place.

Namib Desert spectacular scenery

Namib desert is an old volcanic crater where fog is regularly seen. Namib desert sands and the Atlantic Ocean coastline makes the Namib the only coastal desert in the world that includes extensive sand dune fields influenced by fog.


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Fog on the Namib Desert is the primary source of water creating a unique environment in which numerous invertebrates, reptiles and animals adapt to an ever-changing climate.



The huge Messum crater was possibly created by a meteor millions of years ago reveals geologic clues linking this area to Brazil prior to the continental drift. The crater was named after Captain W. Messum, an explorer of Southern Africa until around 1849.

Namib Desert of the African Country Namibia
There are currently no active land volcanos. The Brukkaros Mountain in the Karas Region, Namib desert is an extinct volcano that was used as a base for astronomic observation by the Smithsonian Institute in the 1930's.

The Namib Desert is a narrow plain about 40-102 miles or 65-165 km wide and runs the entire length of the 994 mile or 1,600 km Atlantic coastline.

The icy, north flowing Benguela Current and high pressure atmospheric conditions are responsible for the extremely low rainfall and contribute to the regular occurrence of fog along the coast.

The cold Benguela current originates in the Antarctic regions and carries dense cold polar water up the Southern African West coast.

The desert plain takes two forms: extensive sand seas, including the highest dunes in the world 984 feet or 300 meters and stony deserts.

Vast stretches of this plain are almost bare with no vegetation, except in the south, where there is a light cover of low succulent shrubs and lichens sustained by fog. Unlike the Namib, the Kalahari Desert of eastern Namibia is well vegetated, despite its deep sands and absence of surface water. These sands are often in the form of parallel stabilized fossil dunes.

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