Chic African Culture Africa Factbook

What is the Average Number of Children Africans Have

The median age in Africa is 19.7 in 2012 and will increase to 25.4 in 2050.
The median age in Africa is 19.7 in 2012 and will increase to 25.4 in 2050.

African Countries with the highest fertility rates

Niger 6.62

Burundi 6.04

Mali 5.95

Somalia 5.89

Uganda 5.80

Burkina Faso 5.79

Zambia 5.67

Malawi 5.54

Angola 5.31

South Sudan 5.19


African Countries with the lowest fertility rates

Djibouti 2.35

South Africa 2.31

Botswana 2.30

Cabo Verde 2.26

Morocco 2.12

Libya 2.04

Tunisia 1.98

Seychelles 1.86

Brunei 1.79

Mauritius 1.75

Birth rates and fertility rates statistics in Africa on the average number of children Africans give birth to

Historically in Africa, a young age structure reflects high fertility coupled with the prevalence of HIV/AIDS-related deaths. 

Africa's population is young, very young and its share in the world population will increase to 24% in 2050, up from about 13% in 2012. 

The median age in Africa is 19.7 in 2012 and will increase to 25.4 in 2050. Throughout Africa, a decline in the median age echoes high fertility rates together with the HIV/AIDS pandemic and other communicable diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis. 

Childbearing Age (reproductive age) of women is ages 15-49 as defined by the World Health Organization. Total fertility rate and birth rate do not include adolescent pregnancy, childbirth before the age of 15.

African Fertility Rates 2017

Niger 6.49

Angola 6.16

Mali 6.01

Burundi 5.99

Somalia 5.8

Burkina Faso 5.71

Uganda 5.71

Zambia 5.63

Malawi 5.49

Mozambique 5.08

South Sudan 5.07

Nigeria 5.07

Liberia 5.06

Ethiopia 4.99

Benin 4.77

Tanzania 4.77

Guinea 4.77

Sierra Leone 4.73

Cameroon 4.64

Congo, Republic Of The 4.59

Gabon 4.39

Congo, Democratic Republic Of The 4.39

Equatorial Guinea 4.39

Togo 4.38

Chad 4.34

Central African Republic 4.3

Senegal 4.28

Sao Tome And Principe 4.25

Guinea-Bissau 4.09

Madagascar 4.03

Ghana 4

Eritrea 3.99

Zimbabwe 3.98

Rwanda 3.87

Mauritania 3.86

Sudan 3.57

Gambia, The 3.52

Egypt 3.47

Cote D'ivoire 3.38

Namibia 3.29

Kenya 2.98

Algeria 2.7

Eswatini 2.69

Lesotho 2.63

Botswana 2.56

Djibouti 2.31

South Africa 2.29

Cabo Verde 2.24

Tunisia 2.23

Morocco 2.11

Libya 2.04

Seychelles 1.85

Mauritius 1.75

Birth rate and total fertility rate are two very different statistics when measuring the growth of a country.

Birth rate compares the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear. 

However, total fertility rate compares figures for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. 

Total fertility rate shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. 

Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. 

Niger tops the fertility rate listing with 51% of women between 20 and 24 reporting a birth before the age of 18 with a fertility rate of 6.62 births per women of childbearing age.

 
Niger tops the fertility rate listing with 51% of women between 20 and 24 reporting a birth before the age of 18 with a fertility rate of 6.62 births per women of childbearing age.

Niger tops the fertility rate listing with a fertility rate of 6.62 births per women of childbearing age.


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