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African Countries Largest African Capital Cities

Africa has a range of diverse environments, from sandy deserts to lush rainforests. Learn about the seven largest African cities, their populations, and an alphabetical list of African countries capital cities.

African Countries Largest African Capital Cities

Republic of South Sudan Independence day


Republic of South Sudan Independence day

Seven largest African cities populations

Lagos, Nigeria – 21 million

Largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest.

Cairo, Egypt – 20.4 million

Approximately 95 percent of the population lives within 12 miles or 20 km of the Nile River and its delta; vast areas of the country remain sparsely populated or uninhabited.

Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo – 13.3 million

Urban clusters are spread throughout the country, particularly in the northeast along the border with Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; the largest city is the capital, Kinshasha, located in the west along the Congo River; the south is least densely populated.

Luanda, Angola – 6.5 million

Most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly Luanda.

Nairobi, Kenya – 3.5 million

Kenya's population is heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast.

Mogadishu, Somalia – 2.1 million

Population distribution varies greatly throughout the country; least densely populated areas are in the northeast and central regions, as well as areas along the Kenyan border; most populated areas are in and around the cities of Mogadishu, Marka, Boorama, Hargeysa, and Baidoa.

Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire – 4.7 million

The population is primarily located in the forested south, with the highest concentration of people residing in and around the cities on the Atlantic coast; most of the northern savanna remains sparsely populated with higher concentrations located along transportation corridors.

Faces of Africa


Faces of Africa

African Countries Largest African Capital Cities

African Country Capital city

Algeria

Algiers

Angola

Luanda

Benin

Porto-Novo

Botswana

Gaborone

Burkina Faso

Ouagadougou

Burundi

Bujumbura

Cabo Verde

Praia

Cameroon

Yaounde

Central African Republic

Bangui

Chad

N'Djamena

Comoros

Moroni

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kinshasa

Republic of the Congo

Brazzaville

Cote d'Ivoire

Yamoussoukro

Djibouti

Djibouti

Egypt

Cairo

Equatorial Guinea

Malabo (de jure), Oyala (seat of government)

Eritrea

Asmara

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

Gabon

Libreville

The Gambia

Banjul

Ghana

Accra

Guinea

Conakry

Guinea-Bissau

Bissau

Kenya

Nairobi

Lesotho

Maseru

Liberia

Monrovia

Libya

Tripoli

Madagascar

Antananarivo

Malawi

Lilongwe

Mali

Bamako

Mauritania

Nouakchott

Mauritius

Port Louis

Morocco

Rabat

Mozambique

Maputo

Namibia

Windhoek

Niger

Niamey

Nigeria

Abuja

Rwanda

Kigali

Sao Tome and Principe

São Tomé

Senegal

Dakar

Seychelles

Victoria

Sierra Leone

Freetown

Somalia

Mogadishu

South Africa

Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)

South Sudan

Juba

Sudan

Khartoum

eSwatini

Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal)

Tanzania

Dodoma

Togo

Lomé

Tunisia

Tunis

Uganda

Kampala

Zambia

Lusaka

Zimbabwe

Harare


Seven largest African cities populations are Lagos Nigeria, Cairo Egypt, Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo, Luanda Angola, Nairobi Kenya, Mogadishu Somalia, and Abidjan Cote d'Ivoire.

Coming home from market in Yaounde Cameroon Africa
Coming home from market in Yaounde Cameroon Africa

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