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African Countries Largest African Capital Cities

African Countries and Largest African Capital Cities

Africa has a range of diverse environments, from sandy deserts to lush rainforests. Learn about the seven largest African cities, their populations, and an alphabetical list of African countries capital cities.

African Countries Largest African Capital Cities


Republic of South Sudan Independence day
Republic of South Sudan Independence day


Seven largest African cities populations


Lagos, Nigeria – 21 million
Largest population of any African nation; significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest.


Cairo, Egypt – 20.4 million
Approximately 95 percent of the population lives within 12 miles or 20 km of the Nile River and its delta; vast areas of the country remain sparsely populated or uninhabited.


Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo – 13.3 million
Urban clusters are spread throughout the country, particularly in the northeast along the border with Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi; the largest city is the capital, Kinshasha, located in the west along the Congo River; the south is least densely populated.


Luanda, Angola – 6.5 million
Most people live in the western half of the country; urban areas account for the highest concentrations of people, particularly Luanda.


Nairobi, Kenya – 3.5 million
Kenya's population is heavily concentrated in the west along the shore of Lake Victoria; other areas of high density include the capital of Nairobi, and in the southeast along the Indian Ocean coast.


Mogadishu, Somalia – 2.1 million
Population distribution varies greatly throughout the country; least densely populated areas are in the northeast and central regions, as well as areas along the Kenyan border; most populated areas are in and around the cities of Mogadishu, Marka, Boorama, Hargeysa, and Baidoa.


Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire – 4.7 million
The population is primarily located in the forested south, with the highest concentration of people residing in and around the cities on the Atlantic coast; most of the northern savanna remains sparsely populated with higher concentrations located along transportation corridors.

Faces of Africa
Faces of Africa

African countries and capital cities

African Country
Capital city
Algeria
Algiers
Angola
Luanda
Benin
Porto-Novo
Botswana
Gaborone
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
Burundi
Bujumbura
Cabo Verde
Praia
Cameroon
Yaounde
Central African Republic
Bangui
Chad
N'Djamena
Comoros
Moroni
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa
Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
Cote d'Ivoire
Yamoussoukro
Djibouti
Djibouti
Egypt
Cairo
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo (de jure), Oyala (seat of government)
Eritrea
Asmara
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
Gabon
Libreville
Banjul
Ghana
Accra
Guinea
Conakry
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
Kenya
Nairobi
Maseru
Monrovia
Libya
Tripoli
Madagascar
Antananarivo
Malawi
Lilongwe
Mali
Bamako
Mauritania
Nouakchott
Mauritius
Port Louis
Rabat
Mozambique
Maputo
Namibia
Windhoek
Niger
Niamey
Nigeria
Abuja
Rwanda
Kigali
São Tomé
Senegal
Dakar
Seychelles
Victoria
Sierra Leone
Freetown
Somalia
Mogadishu
South Africa
Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
South Sudan
Juba
Sudan
Khartoum
Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal)
Tanzania
Dodoma
Togo
Lomé
Tunisia
Tunis
Kampala
Zambia
Lusaka
Zimbabwe
Harare



Seven largest African cities populations are Lagos Nigeria, Cairo Egypt, Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo, Luanda Angola, Nairobi Kenya, Mogadishu Somalia, and Abidjan Cote d'Ivoire.


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