Chic African Culture Africa Factbook

Did you know?

1. No African country names begin with the letters F, H, I, J, O, P, Q, V, W, X, or Y.

2. Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent.

3. The Republic of the Congo is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa.

Nigeria and Egypt have Six of Africa's Largest Cities by Population

Nigeria occupies three spots on Africa's top 20 largest African cities by population with an average temperature of 77 degrees F while Egypt also has three of the top 20 largest African cities with an average temperature of 63 degrees F.

In Africa small families grow 70 percent of their food supply.
List of 20 of Africa's largest cities by population 2022.

Nigeria and Egypt have Six of Africa's Largest Cities by Population.

Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Population of 15,628,085

Average temperature in December 75 degrees F

Kinshasa was once known as Léopoldville, named after Leopold II who was the second King of the Belgians. His administration of the Congo Free State was characterized by atrocities and systematic brutality, including forced labor, torture, murder, kidnapping, and the amputation of the hands of men, women, and children when the quota of rubber was not met.


Lagos, Nigeria

Population of 15,387,639

Average temperature in December 81 degrees F

Lagos State was created on May 27, 1967. However, the formal relocation of the seat of the Federal Government to Abuja Nigeria on December, 12, 1991, Lagos ceased to be Nigeria’s political capital but Lagos continues to be the Nigerian economic and commercial capital.


Cairo, Egypt

Population of 10,025,657

Average temperature in December 63 degrees F

Cairo is known in Arabic as Al-Qāhirah, meaning The Victorious.


Giza, Egypt

Population of 9,200,000

Average temperature in December 61 degrees F

Giza is home to many famous Egyptian monuments such as the Great Pyramid, King Khufu’s tomb and The Great Sphinx.


Luanda, Angola

Population of 8,952,496

Average temperature in December 77 degrees F

Angolan food is simple to make good and the classic national dish of Angolan Chicken Stew, flavored with garlic, hot chilis, pumpkin, okra, cooked in palm oil eaten with Funge, a cassava firm dough. In 1483 Portuguese arrived at the current most expensive capital city in the world, Luanda Angola. Portuguese food, culture and language still have a major influence on Angolans. Angola's name is derived from the Portuguese from the title Ngola held by kings of the Ndongo. Ndongo was a kingdom in what is now northern Angola.


Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Population of 7,404,689

Average temperature in December 77 degrees F

Julius Nyerere International Airport is the largest airport in Tanzania and is located in Dar es Salaam. Julius Nyerere International Airport is one of 58 government owned airports operated and maintained by Tanzania Airports.


Khartoum, Sudan

Population of 6,160,327

Average temperature in December 77 degrees F

Khartoum in Arabic is Al-Khurṭūm located in central Sudan meaning Elephant's Trunk.


Johannesburg, South Africa

Population of 6,065,354

Average temperature in December 61 degrees F

Activist Ruth Heloise First studied at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, from 1942 to 1946. She graduated with a BA in Social Studies. First was a journalist, academic and political activist killed by a letter bomb August 17, 1982. During the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings, after 1995, it was determined that the bomb that killed First had been put together by Jerry Raven, based on an order from Craig Williamson, a former spy in the South African security police.


Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire

Population of 5,515,790

Average temperature in December 76 degrees F

St Paul's Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in the city of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. Building began in May 1980 and the church opened in August 1985, Saint Paul's Cathedral serves as the mother church for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Abidjan.


Alexandria, Egypt

Population of 5,483,605

Average temperature in December 66 degrees F

Alexandria, Egypt's second largest city was founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great.


Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Population of 5,227,794

Average temperature in December 62 degrees F

Addis Ababa is pronounced a - duhs aa-buh- baa


Nairobi , Kenya

Population of 5,118,844

Average temperature in December 75 degrees F

Nairobi National Park is Kenya's first national park established in 1946 located within the limits of the capital city.


Cape Town, South Africa

Population of 4,800,954

Average temperature in December 72 degrees F

Buffelsfontein Farm in Cape Town, South Africa holds the official lowest temperature record in the country of 0 °F. Buffelsfontein record was recorded on June 18, 1996, and because of this, the weather service officially calls Buffelsfontein the coldest town in Africa.


Yaoundé, Cameroon

Population of 4,336,670

Average temperature in December 75 degrees F

Mfoundi Market located in Yaounde is one of the largest food, goods and services markets in Cameroon.


Kano, Nigeria

Population of 4,219,209

Average temperature in December 72 degrees F

Kano is the second largest city in Nigeria after Lagos. Kano state was created on May 27, 1967.


Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa

Population of 4,045,000

Average temperature in December 75 degrees F

The name Ekurhuleni means place of peace in XiTsonga.


Douala, Cameroon

Population of 3,926,645

Average temperature in December 82 degrees F

Douala is the second largest city in Cameroon after Yaoundé. The local indigenous language is Duala, which shares its name with the city. French and English are official languages.


Casablanca, Morocco

Population of 3,840,396

Average temperature in December 72 degrees F

The Hassan II Mosque holds 25,000 worshipers in Casablanca, Morocco, North Africa and is the largest functioning Mosque in Africa and is the 7th largest Mosque in the world.


Ibadan, Nigeria

Population of 3,756,445

Average temperature in December 79 degrees F

Ibadan is the second largest city in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano. Founded in 1932, the University of Ibadan was the first university to be established in Nigeria.


Antananarivo, Madagascar

Population of 3,699,900

Average temperature in December 63 degrees F

Lowland rice production structures are well developed and rice terraces are regularly found along the roads between the capital and largest city in Madagascar, Antananarivo. In Madagascar, rice markets have always been important, since rice is the most important staple in the country. Many families eat rice three times a day, and most of it is homegrown.


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Africa is surrounded by water but is not an island, here are a few African Island facts.

Madagascar is the 4th large island in the world and is located in the Indian Ocean supporting a unique biology, about 90% of its plants and animals are found nowhere else on earth.

Composed of 155 islands, Seychelles is Africa's smallest country. By far the largest island is Mahe, home to about 90% of the population and the site of its capital city of Victoria.

Cabo Verde has a strategic location 310 miles or 500 km from the west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site.

Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent. Continents can not be considered islands because of their size and also by historic definition since many people who study geography define islands and continents as two different things.

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