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Established 2008 Chic African Culture teaches the history of African-food recipes and African-cultures, art, music, and oral literature.

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The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Thursday, August 31, 2017

Living in the dark, the politics of electricity in Africa

Politics of electricity

Politics of electricity
November 2012-2015 fighting between militia groups in Africa meant no electricity for 3 years.

Living in the dark, the politics of electricity in Africa

Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



The Fight to Control the eastern Mali town of Menaka Electricity



Internal conflict between pro-government militias and rebels claiming a Tuareg homeland from the Northern desert town of Kidal, MNLA (Movement for the National Liberation of Azawad), left the town of Menaka in northern Mali occupied by a succession of rebel groups for three years.

It also left them without electricity; Menaka was the last stronghold under MNLA control. The large population of ethnic Songhai in Gao, the regional capital and the north’s biggest city, who do not necessarily agree with the ambitions of the mainly Tuareg population in the key northern town of Kidal, who want the northern territory they call Azawad recognized as an independent state.

The groups targeted the electrical grid early on during the occupation. Vendors lost the ability to keep goods cold, homes could not access critical information about the conflict and peace process via television, and most troubling the Menaka hospital was unable to operate lifesaving electrical equipment.

Menaka in northern Mali

Former Tuareg rebels operating in northern Mali took control of the key town of Menaka


“While the rebels issue passports and collects taxes in the Republic of Azawad, this is still Malian territory,” said Hamadou Ag Kaoussane, the mayor of N’Tilit, a local community south of Gao. Many analysts believe the battles between rival armed Tuareg groups and their allies in northern Mali are motivated largely by economic disputes over territory and trade routes.

Under a peace agreement in June 2015, all armed groups left Menaka in the hands of U.N. peacekeepers and Malian authorities. However, the population of 20,000 was left with degraded public infrastructure including the destruction of the electrical grid. In November 2015, less than three months after work began, the electrical network of Menaka was fully restored by USAID.

Today, tentatively, a little over 7,000 subscribers directly access the electrical grid, as well as the public hospital. Community members who were not paying customers of the electrical utility benefited from access to cold goods, neighborhood TVs, and improved health care at the hospital.

Did you Know?
Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali.

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Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Melting Pot of Indigenous African Cultures

Indigenous African cultures are disappearing

Rampant urbanization, rural exodus, insecure employment, street children, insecurity and mass youth emigration.
African cultures traditions and rituals are in fear of being lost.
Beauty of African elders

The current era of globalization is having a melting pot influence on indigenous African cultures.


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture


African social relations based on the traditional values of family solidarity, clan unity and social cohesion have been and continue to be sorely tested by modern times.


Indigenous African cultures have been disappearing, taking valuable knowledge with them. Each African culture is a unique answer to the question of what it means to be human. In today’s rapidly changing world, people from Africa worry about losing their traditional culture, the traditional way of life is getting lost.

Cultures are rooted in a time and place. They define how people relate to nature and their physical environment, to the earth and to the cosmos, and they express our attitudes to and beliefs in other forms of life, both animal and plant.

Throughout Africa, ancestral social relations based on the traditional values of family solidarity, clan unity and social cohesion have been and continue to be sorely tested by modern economies. Economic inequality and the exclusion of social groups in all sectors of the population are among the many factors of instability that exacerbate the loss of meaning of the African traditions of solidarity and sharing.

They are not the only causes but they are the most visible ones and they generate the most rapid transformations – rampant urbanization, rural exodus, insecure employment, street children, insecurity and mass youth emigration. The prevalence of certain practices rooted in ancestral traditions does not encourage the promotion of freedoms and rights, in particular those of women and girls.

In Africa, too, many conflicts and wars have broken out within and between States in the last three decades, with consequences such as the mass displacement of entire populations, the deterioration of the humanitarian situation, and the destruction of social and cultural infrastructure.

In particular, education systems, the cultural heritage, scientific and cultural infrastructure and biodiversity have been affected indirectly by these conflicts and have been damaged irreparably in many cases. Many fear the loss of indigenous cultural identity when ancient African culture is homogenized leading to cultural assimilation including loss of African languages.

The current era of globalization is having a melting pot influence on indigenous African cultures. While this may promote the integration of societies and has provided millions of people with new opportunities, it also brings with it a loss of uniqueness of indigenous African cultures, which in turn can lead to loss of identity and even self-conflict. This is especially true for traditional African societies, which are exposed to rapid modernization.

Language is a part of culture; nearly half of the 7,000 languages spoken in the world are expected to vanish in the next 100 years.  In Africa, over 2,000 are spoken on the continent and hundreds are endangered or critically endangered. The extinction of a language results in the irrecoverable loss of unique cultural knowledge embodied in it for centuries. Deep in our hearts, we all understand that the quality of our lives depends, to a great extent, on our being able to take part in, and benefit from our culture.

In 2013, Kenya began a campaign toward the Maasai of educating the tribe on the negative connotations of ear stretching and upper cartilage piercing. Some Kenyan officials believe tribalism is hurting Kenya and the more mainstream an individual is the more likely they can absorb into conventional society.


The Samburu are extremely dependent on their animals for survival. On November 11, 2011, thousands of the Samburu livestock were impounded due to a dispute over land ownership with Nature Conservancy and the African Wildlife Foundation who purchased the land and gave it as a gift to Kenya for a national park, to be called Laikipia National Park. The Samburu's legal case was heard in the town of Nyeri December 14, 2011 and the court ruled The Kenya Wildlife Service had secured legal registration of the land.

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Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Red Kidney Bean Fritter Recipes

Red kidney beans in fried batter tastes good

Family-friendly recipe will get everyone excited about Red kidney beans and African spices.


Aug 26, 2017

Make and share this Red Kidney Bean Fritter recipe from theafricangourmet.com, Red kidney beans and spices fried in a batter never tasted better.


Red bean fritters is the perfect combination of red beans and spices.


Red Kidney Bean Fritters

Red kidney bean cakes are a fried African snack recipe
African Recipes by

Red kidney bean fritters are a fried African snack recipe made with red kidney beans and spices. Learn how to make a tasty African recipe of red kidney bean fritters with Chic African Culture. 

Prep time: Cook time: Total time:

Red Kidney Bean Fritters
Ingredients
1 15 ounce can red beans with all liquid drained
1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
1 teaspoon onion powder
1 teaspoon garlic powder
1 teaspoon red pepper flakes
Oil for frying

Directions
In large bowl add all ingredients and mix well until a soft dough forms. Form into golf ball size dough and flatten, fry until brown about 2 minutes on each side. Drain on a paper towel to remove excess oil, serve as a snack.

Dry red beans
Red Kidney Bean Cakes

Red Kidney Bean Fritters
Rated 4.5/5 based on 4 customer reviews

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Monday, August 28, 2017

I got work to do pics of Africa

Working to Live, Living to Work
Working to Live, Living to Work, Photos tell a story about Africa.
A hand that's dirty with honest labor is fit to shake with a King.

I got work to do pics of Africa

Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture


Kameru preparing a meal for her family in Yaounde the capital of Cameroon .



A villager hollows out a canoe with an adze. The canoe is hollowed next to the water to test the buoyancy. By periodically launching the boat the canoe-builder can judge where it is best to remove material for an even-keel. The shape of the canoe gives stability and permits propulsion.



Woman carrying wood, Yangambi, Democratic Republic of Congo.


Ugwono Pauline plants Gnetum (okok) in the village of Minwoho, Lekié, Center Region, Cameroon.


Jean Mombombi Nyangue a fisherman on the Congo River, Lukolela, Democratic Republic of Congo.


Son of the soil, a small family farmer working in his garden.


Madou (foreground) a 14 year old farmer and Zakari a 23 year old farmer are making bricks to sell, Sibi village, Burkina Faso.


A charcoal maker in Nyimba district, Zambia, holds up a piece of charcoal.


Gold mining in Tamiougou just south of Kongoussi. A gold miner pans the crushed ore to find gold. Burkina Faso.


Words to remember about about honest labor:

Promise little and do much.

Words are mere bubbles of water; deeds are drops of gold.

A hand that's dirty with honest labor is fit to shake with a King.


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Sunday, August 27, 2017

15 of the Best-Loved African Proverbs

Why We Love African Proverbs

We all have that favorite quote




African proverbs can distill a lifetime into one short sentence.

African proverbs articulate that which we cannot see, identify, sense, believe, think, understand, envision, hope, and dread.

I love that quote!


By

African proverbs have potent power. Need help giving voice to your current state of mind; here are 15 of the best-loved African proverbs online that know exactly what it really means to be you.



The body is easily satisfied but not the heart.

Do not abuse the hospitality of others.

Do not tell the person who is carrying you that he stinks.
African proverbs express the timeless wisdom of African people.
The body is easily satisfied but not the heart.

Don't look where you fall, but where you slipped.

Early corn is best, so the firstborn is the one to delight in.

Fortune favors the foolish.

In the larger affairs the minor are forgotten.

It takes a village to raise a child.
It takes a village to raise a child.
It is a bad child who does not take advice.

It takes a village to raise a child.

Labor has sure reward.


Searching for something can be in the way of finding it.



The path is made by walking.

The way a man dies is determined by his occupation.

To go out often is your father and to sit in one place is your mother.

Wealth is short-lived.

African Proverbs

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Friday, August 25, 2017

Spirit Lights The Way, Africa Homeland Facts, Quotes and Positive Vibes

Africa Homeland Facts, Quotes and Positive Energy Vibes

Africa Ancestral Homeland Facts




Considered the cradle of humanity and the origin of humankind, Africa has 54 countries and 9 territories.



Memorable Quotes by Famous Africans
Person Country Quote
Nykhor Paul South Sudanese "Dear white people in the fashion world!... Why do I have to bring my own make-up to a professional show when all the other white girls don't have to do anything but show up. "Don't try to make me feel bad because I am blue-black - it's 2015"
Nelson Mandela South African "It always seems impossible until it's done."
Dr. Mo Ibrahim Sudanese “You stay divided; you stay backwards Africa”
Aliko Dangote Nigerian “In Africa, as you're being successful and doing things right, you're also creating a lot of enemies.”
Patrice Motsepe South African "Man cannot live by bread alone, which is correct, but man can also not live without bread."
Sudhir Ruparelia Ugandan "You need to go into the kind of business that suits your lifestyle, interests and passion so that you enjoy what you are doing."



Facts
Africa is a rich mix of people, cultures, geography, environments, economies and history.

1. Africa has 54 countries, South Sudan is the newest and Liberia is the oldest republic.

2. Sudan was the largest country in Africa until it was divided by convictions into Sudan and South Sudan.

3. Algeria is now the largest African country.

4. Cairo is the capital city of Egypt and is also the largest city.

5. One of the most interesting facts about Africa is that the length and breadth of this continent are about the same. It measures around 4,660 from north to south and from east to west.
Making palm wine
Making Palm Wine

6. Africa is not only the second largest but the second most populated continent as well and houses about 15% of the world population, 1.216 billion people.

7. Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa and has an estimated population of 186 million. The population in Seychelles is around 97,000 people and is the least populated country.

8. The African continent has approximately 3,000 known ethnic groups.

9. Around 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa and each of them have different dialects while Arabic is the language that is most widely spoken in the African continent.

10. Followers of traditional African religion believe that ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives.

11. Southern African Sangomas are part of spiritual traditions and are responsible for healing and telling the future.

12. The Equator goes around 2,500 miles from the west to the east of the African continent thus dividing this continent into two separate halves – north and south. It passes through many of the African nations such as Congo, Somalia, Uganda as well as Kenya.

13. The longest river in the world, the Nile at 4,132 miles is located in eleven countries in Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.

14. The largest waterfall in Africa is the Victoria Falls and it is located on the Zimbabwe and Zambia border. It has a height of 355 feet and the width of the waterfall runs into almost a mile.

15. Mara Region of Tanzania is named after the River Mara. The region has a land area of 30,150 square kilometers and an estimated 1.74 million in population.

16. The largest desert in the world the Sahara desert is also situated in Africa and it spans across at least a dozen countries - around 3.5 million square miles.
Mining for gold in Africa
Mining in Africa

17. Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest mountain in Africa and stands tall at 19,340 feet. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa measuring 26,560 square miles.

18. Madagascar is the largest island in the African continent and it lies just off the east coast of Africa. It has a length of around 1,000 miles with a width of around 350 miles. This island is also the fourth largest island in the world.

19. Dragon’s Breath Cave is the largest underground lake in the world and is located in the Southern African country of Namibia.

20. Africa has over 85% of the world’s elephants and over 99% of the remaining lions are on the African continent.

21. Africa has over 25% of the world’s bird species.

22. Kolmanskop was a rich German diamond-mining town but presently is a ghost town in the Namib Desert visited only by Namib wild horses.

23. South Africa is home to the ‘largest green canyon in the world’ and it is known as the Blyde River Canyon and this is also the 3rd largest Canyon in the world.

24. King Kong: An African Jazz, was the first all-Black South African musical which opened in 2 February 1959. The musical chronicles the rise and fall of champion boxer Ezekiel ‘King Kong’ Dhlamini. It helped create a new set of opportunities for Black South Africans in the arts and has taken South African theatre to new dimensions.

25. Since the beginning of the struggle of apartheid in 1948, women were at the forefront of resisting the government and fighting their actions.

26. In South Africa, theater was a particularly popular medium for promoting Black Consciousness ideology, and mobilizing and strengthening the identity of township audiences.

27. Estimates vary from around 14-30% of the African population has Internet access but account for 15.0% of the world's population.

28. Ghana has one of the most active mobile markets in Africa and was one of the first African countries to be connected to the Internet. From 2012 and 2013, fiber-optic cables were laid, paving the way for increased international bandwidth that has transformed the country’s broadband market.

29. According to the Internet World Statistics 29.6% of Ghana’s population, use the Internet, as of June 2016. This accounts for 2.4% of Internet use in Africa.

30. By 2025, there will be 30 million people younger than 24 years old living in Africa.

Growing cassava in Africa
Growing cassava in Africa
31. By 2050, Africa is projected to be home to one in every four of the world's inhabitants, and almost 40 % of its children under 18 years.

32. Over 180 million people in sub-Saharan Africa alone could die as a result of climate change by the end of the century.

33. Currently an estimated 93% of South Africa’s electricity comes from coal. There are presently 13 operational coal-fired power stations in the country. These new power stations will be the third and fourth largest coal-fired power stations in the world.

34. Up to a fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions come from tropical deforestation; more than emissions from all the world’s planes, trains and cars put together. In Africa, 40 million people depend on the Congo Basin rainforest which is also home for 270 species of mammals, including the endangered gorilla, the chimpanzee and the bonobo, as well as 39 unique species of animals that are only found here.

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Thursday, August 24, 2017

Ever wonder why turtles live in water?

Africa


Why Turtles Love Water African Folktale

Ever wonder why turtles live in water?

Turtles spend most of their lives in water paddling along with webbed feet or streamlined flippers. Sea turtles almost never leave the ocean, except to lay eggs in the sand. Freshwater turtles live in ponds and lakes climbing out of the water only to lay out in the sun on logs or rocks, but why? The African folktale, why turtles live in water explains the reason why.

African Folktale Story

Happy turtle
Why Turtles Live in Water is a captivating African folktale.

Turtles used to live on the land, they say, until the time a clever turtle was caught by some hunters. They brought him to their village and placed the turtle before the Chief, who said, "How shall we cook him?"

"You'll have to kill me first," said the turtle, "and take me out of this shell." "We'll break your shell with sticks," they said. "That'll never work," said the turtle, "Why don't you throw me in the water and drown me?!"

"Excellent idea," said the Chief. They took the turtle to the river and threw him into the water to drown him. They were congratulating themselves on their success in drowning the turtle, when two little green eyes poked up in the water and the laughing turtle said, "Don't get those cooking pots out too fast, foolish people!

As he swam away he said, "I think I'll spend most of my time from now on, safely in the water." It has been that way ever since!

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Wednesday, August 23, 2017

How to Think Like a Wise Person African Proverbs

Wise Man African Proverbs

Wise African Proverbs


Intelligence has its advantages but you can be intelligent without being wise. Wisdom goes beyond intelligence and those who think of themselves as intelligent and put down others for not being book smart are certainly not wise.


When you speak, know that which can be brought against you.


Every man must act in the rhythm of his time, such is wisdom.



Wise men in Afataranga Benin Africa
Wise men in Afataranga Benin Africa


The wise man never takes a step too long for his leg.



The opinion of the intelligent is better than the certainty of the fool.




Follow the saint no further than his doorstep.



You become wise when you begin to run out of money.


African Proverbs

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Tuesday, August 22, 2017

A Wife's Letter Writing Campaign to White Elected Officials During Apartheid

Behind every strong man, there is a strong woman

Behind every strong man, there is a strong woman


Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe 8 year letter writing campaign from 1960-1968 to white elected officials during Apartheid were part of her activist's toolkit demanding good quality healthcare and release of her husband, Apartheid political prisoner Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe.

Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe, wife, mother, nurse and activist.



Chic African Culture


I will not be ignored!

Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe wife of Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, founding member and first president of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) and Robben Island prisoner waged a 8 year letter writing war against the apartheid government and refused to be ignored.

Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe wife of Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe and their twin boys
Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe
wife of Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe
and their twin boys
Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe is a black South African woman whose husband Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe on May 4, 1960 was sentenced to three years in prison charged with sedition and incitement to riot for leading South Africans to demand the repeal of the pass laws. 


On April 7, 1960 the Unlawful Organizations Act No 34 provides for organizations threatening public order or the safety of the public to be declared unlawful. The ANC, Nelson Mandela organization and the PAC, Robert Mangaliso organization were immediately declared unlawful on April 8, 1960 and is banned in South Africa.

At the end of his three year sentence on May 3, 1963, Parliament enacted a General Law Amendment Act and included the Sobukwe Clause, which legally permitted the Minister of Justice, Frans Christiaan Erasmus to prolong the detention of any political prisoner indefinitely.

The Sobukwe Clause was renewed every year and Sobukwe remained at Stoneyard in Benoni then he was then taken to Stofberg, from there to Witbank, from Witbank to central jail where he spent three years. After that, he was transferred to Robben Island to serve the remainder of his time indefinitely mostly in solitary confinement

Mrs. Sobukwe requested a hearing with the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission and on May 12, 1997 under oath stated, “He was not even re-arrested, he had completed his sentence, on that day I was knitting jerseys for the children. My husband said that I must cook him dinner, because he was coming back home. When I went to visit him, I was told that he was transferred to Robben Island under the Sobukwe Clause.”

“Nothing came to my surprise or shock, because from the day I met him he was in the struggle and he died in the struggle. Everything was to be expected. I was not too grieved, in the sense that I expected these things.” - Zondeni Veronica Sobukwe wife of Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe, founding member and first president of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) and Robben Island prisoner.

Mrs. Sobukwe challenged through her numerous letters the inadequate medical treat her husband received from doctors Robben Island. Not one of her multiple requests for meetings with her husband’s doctors or specialists were granted. Mrs. Sobukwe stated, “All those doctors that examined my husband whilst he was in custody, the Government of the National Party must give me answers. Why was he in solitary confinement?” during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearing.

Mrs. Sobukwe wrote letters to Prime Minister Hendrik Frensch
Apartheid political prisoner Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe
Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe
Verwoerd and Frans Christiaan Erasmus the Minister of Justice demanding her husband be released to obtain medical attention at home, but government officials ignored her and her requests. 

She did not stop there, Mrs. Sobukwe wrote letters to lawyers requesting they intercede in order to force Robben Island's Medical officials to consult an independent doctor, but this request was also refused. 

Parliament would discuss whether her husband was to be released, but they would refuse also. "I was writing twice a year asking for his release. I wanted him to be treated. In 1965 or 1966, he complained that his food was served with broken glasses."

Mrs. Sobukwe stated “Between the hours of nine and ten the police would always come. We tried to cheer ourselves up as the ladies and we would laugh, make a joke out of it. In 1969, they answered me from the very last letter I wrote in November 1968, they wrote back to me saying that they will not release my husband, because they got information that he was still quite dangerous but then in May 1969, they released him without notice.”

Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe was hospitalized in 1977 due to lung cancer. His wife and doctors requested that the government allow him freedom to travel without a pass due to humanitarian reasons but the request was denied. He died on February 27, 1978, and was buried in the town of Graaff-Reinet on the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa March 11, 1978.

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Monday, August 21, 2017

Cheese Making Recipe for Delicious Homemade Goat Cheese

Goat cheese

Goat cheese can easily be made at home


Artisan Goat Cheese Making at Home

Goat cheese is easier to digest than cow's milk making it a good choice for people who are lactose intolerant. Goat cheese can be wrapped tightly in plastic wrap and refrigerated for up to 1 week.

By
Goat cheese


Goat cheese or chèvre is cheese made from goat's milk. Goat cheese is made all over Africa where goats and goats milk are in abundant supply.
Prep Time: 15 minutes

Cook time: 12 hours


Fresh Goat Cheese Recipe

Serves 8
Food of Africa
There are many types of cheese and just as many methods for making it.
Nutrition facts: 103 calories per serving, 8 grams fat

Ingredients

8 cups pasteurized goat milk
1/8 teaspoon direct-set mesophilic starter culture
1/8 teaspoon liquid animal rennet
1 tablespoon cold water
1 teaspoon coarse sea salt


Directions

Slowly heat goat milk in large saucepan over low heat, stirring often, until the temperature is 90 degrees, about 10 minutes. Remove from heat, sprinkle culture over surface of milk and gently stir until combined. 

Dilute rennet in water, then stir into goat milk until well combined. Cover and let sit, undisturbed, at room temperature until mixture fully separates into solid curds and translucent whey, 12- 24 hours. Line a colander with cheesecloth and ladle curds into prepared colander and let drain 2-4 hours, until whey no longer runs freely from colander, and curds are thickened but still moist. 


Transfer drained cheese to medium bowl, stir in salt, and divide cheese in half. Working with one-half at a time, bundle cheese in cheesecloth, then tie to secure. Tie cheese bundles to a wooden dowel or spoon and place over a deep large container to drain upside down. Make sure the cheese bundles do not touch bottom of the container, Refrigerate for 12 to 24 hours and enjoy. 


Take your cheese making a step further and roll your homemade goat cheese into your choice herbs such as dried chives, red pepper or basil.


What is rennet and mesophilic

Rennet is used to separate milk into solid curds for cheese making and mesophilic is a non-heat loving culture and is used for making cheeses that are not heated.

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Efo Riro Stew, Every African food recipe has a story

Efo Riro Stew, every recipe has a story

Efo Riro Stew
Every African food recipe has a story.

Efo Riro is a traditional stew of the Yoruba Tribe made with green leafy Amaranth leaves and a variety of meats.

Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



What is Efo Riro Stew? Efo Riro is a rich throw everything in the pot meat and vegetable stew that is native to the Yorubas of Western Nigeria. The traditional vegetables used to make the stew are Amaranth leaves, but if these are not readily available where you live, fresh spinach is a good substitute.


Yoruba Efo Riro Stew

Ingredients
1/2 pound beef chucks
1/4 cup palm oil
3 handfuls Amaranth leaves or spinach
1 medium red pepper, diced
2 tablespoons ground shrimp
2 medium onions, sliced
2 tablespoons locust beans
2 medium Irish potatoes, diced
1 hot pepper finely chopped
1 teaspoon salt
4 cups vegetable stock

Directions

In a large lidded pot add beef, onions and palm oil and brown over high heat. Reduce heat to medium and add stock, hot pepper and salt. Cover, cook for 20 minutes then add potatoes, cover cook an additional 10 minutes. Add remaining ingredients, cover cook 10 minutes. Serve with fufu or white rice.


What is Locust bean? Locust bean, commonly referred to as iru by Yorubas, is a seasoning used in soups and stews.


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Chic African Culture Featured Articles

Truth is treason in the empire of lies.

Mental Discovery

The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb

Wise Words


A wise person does not fall down on the same hill twice.