American Colonization Society, Six African Kings and Haiti
American Colonization Society back to Africa plan was complex. What does the American Colonization Society, six African Kings and Haiti have in common
The American Colonization Society (ACS) platform to freed blacks in America was if you do not like it here in America, ships are leaving the harbor, and we want to help you go back to Africa.
The American Colonization Society (ACS) had its origins in 1816 when Charles Fenton Mercer, a Federalist member of the Virginia General Assembly discovered accounts of earlier legislative debates on black colonization in the wake of Gabriel Prosser's rebellion.
On December 21, 1816, the society was officially established at the Davis Hotel in Washington, D.C. Attendees included James Monroe, Bushrod Washington, Andrew Jackson, Francis Scott Key, and Daniel Webster, with Henry Clay presiding over the meeting.
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Pennsylvania, Maryland and Mississippi set up their own state societies and colonies on the coast next to Liberia. Mississippi-in-Africa joined Liberia in 1847; the Republic of Maryland, established as a colony in the 1830s and by 1867, the societies had sent more than 13,000 black emigrants to Africa.
From the start, colonization of free blacks in Africa was an issue on which both whites and blacks were divided.
supported emigration because they thought that blacks would never receive
justice in the United States. Others believed blacks should remain in the
United States to fight against slavery and for full legal rights as American
Saint-Domingue (Haiti) did you know?
In 1791, slaves and free blacks of Saint-Domingue began waging a rebellion against French rule following the abolition of slavery in the colony in 1793. French troops withdrew from the western portion of Hispaniola island in 1803, and the colony later declared its independence as Haiti in 1804.