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Sokoto Caliphate was the largest African kingdom

Largest African kingdom was the Sokoto Caliphate over 2.6 billion acres in size and population of over 30 million people lasting from 1804 to 1902. 

The largest African kingdom in terms of geographical area and population was the Sokoto Caliphate, pronounced So-KOH-toh Kal-uh-feyt.

The Sokoto Caliphate was a well-organized state with a system of government based on Islamic law and principles. It was divided into emirates, each of which was ruled by an emir who was responsible for local administration, justice, and security. The emirs were appointed by the caliph and were expected to rule in accordance with Islamic principles.

Largest African kingdom was the Sokoto Caliphate

Under the Sokoto Caliphate, trade, agriculture, and crafts flourished. The caliphate controlled important trade routes and had a large and productive agricultural sector. The caliphate also developed a thriving handicraft industry, producing textiles, leather goods, and metalwork. 

Sokoto Caliphate remained a powerful state until 1902 when it came under pressure from European colonial powers. The British took over the Sokoto Caliphate and other regions in Nigeria as part of their efforts to expand their colonial empire in Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. 

The British had established a trading presence on the coast of West Africa in the early 19th century, but they did not begin to explore and colonize the interior of the continent until the latter part of the century. 

In the case of Nigeria, the British were particularly interested in the region's resources, including its agricultural and mineral wealth. They also saw the region as an important market for British goods and a potential source of labor for British industries. The British initially established trading relationships with the Sokoto Caliphate and other states in the region, but conflicts eventually arose over trade and other issues. 

The British saw the caliphate as a potential threat to their interests in the region and to their efforts to extend their control over the interior of West Africa. As a result, they launched a military campaign against the caliphate, which ultimately led to its defeat and incorporation into the British colony of Nigeria.The British ultimately defeated the caliphate in 1903, and it was incorporated into the British colony of Nigeria. 

Sokoto Caliphate remained a powerful state until 1902

After the British defeated the Sokoto Caliphate in 1903, the leaders and people of the caliphate were subjected to British colonial rule. The caliphate was incorporated into the British colony of Nigeria, and the British authorities appointed new rulers and administrators to govern the region. Many of the former leaders of the Sokoto Caliphate were killed, exiled or imprisoned.

The British empire also imposed a new system of government, which was based on Western-style institutions and principles. The British also introduced new economic policies and systems of land ownership, which had a significant impact on the traditional agricultural economy of the region. 

The British also introduced Christianity to the region and established Christian missions, which led to tensions between the Christian and Muslim communities. Today, northern Nigeria remains a predominantly Muslim region, and Islamic law and customs continue to play an important role in the daily lives of many people in the region.

Definition of kingdom.
African kingdoms are historical political entities in Africa that were ruled by a monarch, such as a king, queen, caliph or emperor. These kingdoms were typically organized around a centralized authority, with a hierarchy of officials, administrators, and military leaders. Every African kingdom had their own unique cultures, languages, and customs, and played a significant role in the development of African societies and civilizations.

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