Chic African Culture Africa Factbook

Did you know?

1. No African country names begin with the letters F, H, I, J, O, P, Q, V, W, X, or Y.

2. Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent.

3. The Republic of the Congo is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa.

Scapegoat Sacrifice Ceremony of Ukamba

Scapegoat Sacrifice Ceremony of Ukamba

Scapegoat Sacrifice Ceremony of Ukamba
African Ceremony

It is believed the physical world is parallel to the spiritual world therefore when a disease plagues the village of Ukamba, the Elders take a large ram, a male sheep for ceremonial slaughter. 

The Elders of the village cut small pieces of meat from the ram carcass and spear the meat on wooden sticks. 

Men and women of the village then each take a piece of ram meat, walk some distance from the village and throw it deep into the woods. By doing this the disease will be carried away with the pieces of meat taking with it all wickedness and impurities of the village.

The remaining ram meat is roasted at a large fire and eaten by the villagers; the bones are collected at the place where the meat was roasted and are broken up. 

A libation is prepared, and next morning at dawn, everyone must be awakened before the libation is poured out. The libation is put into a horn of an ox and into a bowl made from a gourd, the former being held in the right hand and the latter in the left. 

The libation in the right hand is poured out on the bones first to appease the male spirit, that in the left to appease the female spirit.

When the Ukamba Elders pour the libation the Elders pray as follows: “We put out the fire at the place where we roasted the meat, we put out the sickness so that it cannot return again to our village.”

The ram is believed to have the offending disease of the village community symbolically placed upon it being sacrificed as a sin offering loosely similar to the Old Testament bible story of Leviticus 16:5-22 The Day of Atonement also known as Yom Kippur. 

The ram sacrifice takes the villagers place and pays the price to rid the community of illness during the Scapegoat Ceremony of Ukamba. 

Sacrifice Ceremony of a Ram
Ram

Definitions.

What is a libation? 

An act of pouring a liquid as a sacrifice.


What is a ceremony? 

In a ceremony, there is predictability and participants usually know what the outcome will be, most events called rituals are really ceremonies. A ritual is an activity that has an unplanned spontaneous outcome. The key difference between a ceremony and a ritual is spontaneity. 


What is the significance of fire? 

Fire is a symbol of divine nature, purity.


What is an Elder? 

An elder is a respected person of greater age, a spiritual leader with influence responsible for the guidance and direction of a community.


What is a Ram?

An adult male sheep is called a ram. An adult female sheep is called an ewe. Immature animals are called lambs. Sheep are raised for meat, milk, and wool. Sheep usually have short tails. Mature sheep weigh 80 to 400 pounds. 


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Chic African Culture and The African Gourmet=

Africa is surrounded by water but is not an island, here are a few African Island facts.

Madagascar is the 4th large island in the world and is located in the Indian Ocean supporting a unique biology, about 90% of its plants and animals are found nowhere else on earth.

Composed of 155 islands, Seychelles is Africa's smallest country. By far the largest island is Mahe, home to about 90% of the population and the site of its capital city of Victoria.

Cabo Verde has a strategic location 310 miles or 500 km from the west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site.

Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent. Continents can not be considered islands because of their size and also by historic definition since many people who study geography define islands and continents as two different things.

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