Madagascar's 62 Mile High Razor Spiked Forest
Madagascar's 62 mile high Tsingy Razor Spiked Forest is over 200 million years old and was once covered by the sea.
The Tsingy Razor Spiked Forest, also known as the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, was first discovered by Western explorers in the 20th century. The park is located in western Madagascar and covers an area of around 1,575 square kilometers.
The unique razor-spiked limestone formations found in the park were created over millions of years through a process of erosion and sedimentation. The area was once covered by a shallow sea, and over time the buildup of dead marine organisms created a thick layer of limestone. The limestone was then gradually eroded by rainwater and other natural forces, creating the distinctive razor-sharp peaks and gorges that can be seen in the park today.
The Tsingy Razor Spiked Forest is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. The park is particularly famous for its lemurs, with 11 different species living in the area, including the Decken's sifaka and the crowned lemur.
The park is also home to numerous bird species, reptiles, and insects, as well as a variety of plant life, including baobab trees and orchids. The age of the Tsingy Razor Spiked Forest is difficult to determine with precision, but geological evidence suggests that the limestone formations were formed during the Jurassic period, around 200 million years ago.
The Tsingy limestone forest is a unique geological formation located inside the Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park in Madagascar.
The term tsingy refers to the sharp, pointed limestone formations that are found in this area. These formations are formed through a process called karstification, which involves the dissolution of limestone over time due to the effects of water and acidic substances. The Tsingy limestone forest is characterized by its jagged peaks, deep gorges, and interconnecting canyons.
During the Late Cretaceous Period, India broke away from Madagascar. Madagascar is around 587,041 sq km or 226,657 sq miles in size which is the world's fourth-largest island. Madagascar’s isolation in the Indian Ocean is the reason 90% of its animal and plant life is found only on its island. There are well over 70 varieties of lemur, 30 types of chameleons and countless undiscovered plant species. Madagascar was one of the last major regions on earth colonized.
Tsingy limestone forest inside Tsingy de Bemaraha has 62 miles or 100-meter tall razor spiked limestone hills which are dotted in-between with sinkholes, caves, the deep red-orange Manambolo River. According to UNESCO, 11 species of Lemur; 6 bird species; 2 amphibian species; 17 reptile species as well as a species of rodent, the Red Forest Rat, only exists in the Tsingy de Bemaraha reserve of Madagascar. Due to its unique geological features and biodiversity, the Tsingy limestone forest was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990.
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