Madagascar's 62 Mile High Razor Spiked Forest
The minuscule chameleon, which is less than an inch long from nose to tail and can sit on a human thumbnail, lives in Madagascar's 62 mile high Tsingy Razor Spiked Forest.
Tsingy de Bemaraha is a Strict Nature Reserve since 1927. Strict Nature Reserves are protected areas set aside for nature conservation and research established by law on government-owned lands. Tsingy is located in the Melaky Region of Mahajanga Madagascar on 375,600 acres or 152,000 hectares of land. The minuscule chameleon which is less than an inch long from nose to tail is a species only found in Tsingy.
During the Late Cretaceous Period, India broke away from Madagascar. Madagascar is around 587,041 sq km or 226,657 sq miles in size which is the world's fourth-largest island. Madagascar’s isolation in the Indian Ocean is the reason 90% of its animal and plant life is found only on its island. There are well over 70 varieties of lemur, 30 types of chameleons and countless undiscovered plant species.
Tsingy limestone forest inside Tsingy de Bemaraha has 62 miles or 100-meter tall razor spiked limestone hills which are dotted in-between with sinkholes, caves, the deep red-orange Manambolo River. According to UNESCO, 11 species of Lemur; 6 bird species; 2 amphibian species; 17 reptile species as well as a species of rodent, the Red Forest Rat, only exists in the Tsingy de Bemaraha reserve of Madagascar.
Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. Because of its location Madagascar developed in isolation, the African island nation is famed for its unique wildlife. Madagascar was one of the last major regions on earth colonized.
The earliest settlers from present-day Indonesia arrived between A.D. 350 and 550. The island attracted Arab and Persian traders as early as the 7th century, and migrants from Africa arrived around A.D. 1000. Madagascar was a pirate stronghold during the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and served as a slave-trading center into the 19th century.
Madagascar, also known as the Republic of Madagascar, is an island in the Indian Ocean found off the southeastern coast of Africa. Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. The year 1960 witnessed the independence from France of 17 Sub-Saharan African countries and 14 French colonies.
Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo and the home for around 5 percent of the world’s plants and animals. Madagascar has hundreds of types of animals and plants which exist nowhere else such as ring-tailed lemurs.
The World Bank in 2011 estimated 92% of Madagascar’s residents live on less than $2 per day, $430 per household a year. Poverty has put pressure on the island's dwindling forests, home to much of Madagascar's unique wildlife. Losing around 3 acres of forest in Madagascar has a greater impact on global biodiversity than losing 3 acres of forest anywhere else on Earth.
Madagascar is important to the environment of the world. Nearly 80 percent of Madagascar’s population depends on making their living and eating day to day through agriculture. Using slash and burn cultivation techniques, farmers often destroyed what made their home so ecologically important.
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