Chic African Culture Africa Factbook

Did you know?

1. No African country names begin with the letters F, H, I, J, O, P, Q, V, W, X, or Y.

2. Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent.

3. The Republic of the Congo is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa.

In Africa 29 African Countries Work With Doctors Without Borders

Doctors Without Borders is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organization working in over 70 countries, in Africa 29 African Countries Work With Doctors Without Borders.

Doctors Without Borders Ebola Donka National Hospital in Conakry, Guinea Africa
Doctors Without Borders Ebola Donka National Hospital in Conakry, Guinea Africa

In Africa 29 African Countries Work With Doctors Without Borders

Doctors Without Borders Motto is Medical aid where it is needed most. Independent. Neutral. Impartial.

One-third of adults in Eswatini are HIV positive, which also increases their vulnerability to TB and other infections. Doctors Without Borders assisted the Ministry of Health with prevention and care in Shiselweni region in 2018.

Doctors Without Borders offers community-based testing for HIV and TB, oral HIV self-testing for hard-to-reach groups such as sex workers and men who have sex with men, and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people at increased risk of HIV infection. A total of 5,296 people accessed HIV self-testing and 468 were initiated on PrEP in 2018.

Ethiopia hosts the second-highest number of refugees in Africa – more than 900,000 at the end of 2018, mostly from South Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea. Doctors Without Borders continues to fill gaps in health care and respond to emergencies affecting local communities, internally displaced people, and refugees.

In 2018, Doctors Without Borders supported the health ministry to respond to numerous outbreaks of water-borne diseases across the country, including the second-biggest cholera epidemic in its history, which started in the capital, Harare. In all, there were four cholera outbreaks and another four typhoid outbreaks, during which Doctors Without Borders teams supported the Ministry of Health and Child Care to treat over 13,000 suspected cases.
Over 13 percent of people, aged 15-49 in Mozambique are living with HIV, an estimated 2.1 million individuals and 34,000 of them are co-infected with tuberculosis (TB). Mozambique is one of the countries with the highest rates of HIV and TB worldwide. 

In 2018, Doctors Without Borders teams in Maputo and Beira focused on improving the detection and rapid treatment of opportunistic infections among people with advanced HIV by implementing a specialized package of care and support for people facing the challenge of staying on lifelong treatment or developing drug resistance.

List of African Countries Working With Doctors Without Borders


Burkina Faso



The Central African Republic


Côte d'Ivoire

Democratic Republic of Congo














Sierra Leone

South Africa

South Sudan






Almost a decade of conflict between the military and non-state armed groups have taken a heavy toll on people in northeast Nigeria. Many thousands have been killed or have died of malnutrition and easily treatable diseases such as malaria due to a lack of health care. By the end of the year, 1.9 million people were internally displaced and 7.7 million in need of humanitarian assistance in northeast Nigeria.

Doctors Without continued to assist people affected by the violence in Borno and Yobe states throughout 2018, while maintaining a range of basic and specialist health care programs and responding to other emergencies across the country. During the year, our teams conducted over 247,400 outpatient consultations, assisted more than 5,000 births treated 15,700 children for malnutrition and 27,400 people for malaria.

In South Sudan health care is scarce or non-existent in many parts of the country, with less than half the population estimated to have access to adequate medical services. Around 80 percent of services are delivered by non-governmental organizations such as Doctors Without Borders.

Ebola treatment centre in Maghuraka, Sierra Leone, which is run by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
Ebola treatment center in Maghuraka, Sierra Leone

Since 1971 the Nobel Peace Prize-winning organization Doctors Without Borders or Médecins Sans Frontières in French helps people worldwide where the need is greatest, delivering emergency medical aid to people affected by conflict, epidemics, disasters or exclusion from health care.

For four years, the MSF trauma center in Kunduz Afghanistan was the only facility of its kind in northeastern Afghanistan, offering essential medical and surgical care.

On Saturday, October 3, 2015, US forces bombed the hospital. Doctors Without Borders states, this was a blatant breach of International Humanitarian Law. Why? Because Under International Humanitarian Law hospitals in conflict zones are protected spaces.

Twelve MSF staff and 10 patients, including three children, were killed, and 37 people were injured, including 19 members of the MSF team.

Medical staff volunteering with Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Duekoue Western Cote d'Ivoire
Medical staff volunteering with Doctors Without Borders

Doctors Without Borders states "This attack cannot be brushed aside as a mere mistake or an inevitable consequence of war. Statements from the Afghanistan government have claimed that Taliban forces were using the hospital to fire on Coalition forces.

These statements imply that Afghan and US forces working together decided to raze to the ground a fully functioning hospital, which amounts to an admission of a war crime." Dr. Joanne Liu, Doctors Without Borders International President.
During the 30-minute airstrike, the intensive care unit, emergency rooms, and physiotherapy ward were targeted; the surrounding buildings in the compound were left virtually undamaged. Doctors Without Borders, national and international humanitarians are calling for an #IndependentInvestigation.

Doctors Without Borders states “We need answers, not just for us but for all medical and humanitarian staff assisting victims of conflict, anywhere in the world. The preserve of health facilities as neutral, protected spaces depends on the outcome of a transparent, independent investigation.”

Doctors Without Borders is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organization working in over 70 countries.
Doctors Without Borders is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organization working in over 70 countries.

Did you know?
On 10/7/2015 US President Barack Obama called and apologized to Doctors Without Borders chief for bombing in Kunduz Afghanistan. “When the United States makes a mistake, we own up to it, we apologize,” Josh Earnest, the White House press secretary, told reporters.

Africa is surrounded by water but is not an island, here are a few African Island facts.

Madagascar is the 4th large island in the world and is located in the Indian Ocean supporting a unique biology, about 90% of its plants and animals are found nowhere else on earth.

Composed of 155 islands, Seychelles is Africa's smallest country. By far the largest island is Mahe, home to about 90% of the population and the site of its capital city of Victoria.

Cabo Verde has a strategic location 310 miles or 500 km from the west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site.

Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent. Continents can not be considered islands because of their size and also by historic definition since many people who study geography define islands and continents as two different things.

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