African Culture is World Heritage

African Proverb

African Proverb
Distance diminishes the elephant

What is a Person from Africa Called?

What is a Person from Africa Called?

Ethnic family means more than land boarders. Major tribes of Africa list shows that African tribes ethnic groups often outweighs nationality maps.


One classic disastrous example of ethnic or tribal group identity displacing nationality is in East Africa. Tutsi insurgents continue to fight waging guerrilla battles in Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, the ethnic strife that sparked the slaughters in Rwanda and Burundi continue in the regions. The Tutsis as cattle-herders were often in a position of economic dominance to the farming Hutus and in many areas, like Rwanda, the minority Tutsis ruled the Hutus, 84% of the total population.

Homeless family caused by Rwandan Hutu insurgents.

South Africa has one of the highest murder rates in the world and a history of xenophobic attacks by people who accuse citizens of other African countries, as well as Asian countries, of coming to steal their jobs. The South African government does not collect data on attacks or threats against foreign nationals. About 70% of foreigners in South Africa come from neighboring Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Lesotho. The remaining 30% is made up of people from China, Malawi, UK, and Namibia, eSwatini, India and other countries.

A person's nationality is where they are a legal citizen whether by birth, parentage or naturalization pledge. Nationality is membership in a particular nation indicating where a person was born alive or holds citizenship with an African country.

Surrounded by water from all directions, Africa is a continent with 54 sovereign states and 54 different ways her counties were named without input from indigenous folks.

The land on the African continent was carved up by colonialists based on economics and that is way tribal ethnic groups outweigh nationality and citizenship. Foreign overseas traders and exporters solely according to the business and trade economies roughly divided Africa into four coasts; Pepper Coast, Ivory Coast, Gold Coast, and the Slave Coast. The Berlin Conference was not the start of the Scramble for Africa; history shows that the first areas to be settled in the African regions were those along the shoreline.

An ethnic group is a category of people who belonging to or deriving from the cultural, religious, or linguistic traditions of a people or country. People who identify with each other based on similarities, such as common ancestral, language, social, and cultural experiences.

Many African people refer to their ethnic or tribal group first then their nationality. Some believe belonging to an ethnic group does not come from individual choice but others impose ethnicity. Race is associated with biology, whereas ethnicity is associated with culture. Therefore, a tribal ethnic group is a subjective category based on personal feelings, tastes, or opinions of others.


African County African Citizen Term Largest Tribal Ethnic Group
Algeria Algerian Arab-Berber 99%
Angola Angolan Ovimbundu 37%
Benin Beninese Fon and related 38.4%
Botswana Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) Setswana 79%
Burkina Faso Burkinabe Mossi 52.5%
Burundi Burundian Hutu 85%
Cabo Verde Cabo Verdean Cameroon Highlanders 31%
Cameroon Cameroonian Creole mulatto 71%
Central African Republic Central African Baya 33%
Chad Chadian Sara 25.9%
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congolese or Congo Four largest tribes Mongo, Luba, Kongo, Mangbetu 45%.
Republic of the Congo Congolese or Congo Kongo 48%
Cote d'Ivoire Ivoirian Akan 32.1%
Djibouti Djiboutian Somali 60%
Egypt Egyptian Egyptian 99.6%
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean Fang 85.7%
Eritrea Eritrean Tigrinya 55%
Eswatini liSwati singular, emaSwati plural Swazi 84.3%
Ethiopia Ethiopian Oromo 34.4%
Gabon Gabonese Fang 32%
The Gambia Gambian Mandinka or Jahanka 33.8%
Ghana Ghanaian Akan 47.5%
Guinea Guinean Fulani or Peul 33.9%
Guinea-Bissau Bissau-Guinean Fulani 28.5%
Kenya Kenyan Kikuyu 22%
Lesotho Basotho Sotho 99.7%
Liberia Liberian Kpelle 20.3%
Libya Libyan Berber and Arab 97%
Madagascar Malagasy Merina 26%
Malawi Malawian Chewa 32.6%
Mali Malian Bambara 34.1%
Mauritania Mauritanian Black Moors 40%
Mauritius Mauritian Creole 86.5%
Morocco Moroccan Arab-Berber 99%
Mozambique Mozambican Makhuwa 20.3%.
Namibia Namibian Ovambo 50%
Niger Nigerien Hausa 53.1%
Nigeria Nigerien Hausa and Fulani 29%
Rwanda Rwandan Hutu 84%
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tomean Mestico 48%
Senegal Senegalese Wolof 38.7%
Seychelles Seychellois No indigenous population.
Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean Temne 35%
Somalia Somali Somali 85%
South Africa South African Zulu 21 %
South Sudan South Sudanese Dinka 35.8%
Sudan Sudanese Sudanese Arab 70%
Tanzania Tanzanian Bantu 95%
Togo Togolese Ewe 26.5%
Tunisia Tunisian Arab 98%
Uganda Ugandan Baganda 16.5%
Zambia Zambian Bemba 21%
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean Shona 82%

The nationality for Niger and Nigeria is Nigerian therefore when some says they are Nigerian now you know to clarify if thier nationality is Niger or Nigeria.


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