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The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Saturday, October 27, 2018

Angry African Proverbs

Angry words are like a fist African Proverbs

Zulu wise words

Angry words are like a fist but the tongue of the wise brings healing.

Postpone today's anger until tomorrow.

We must always be mindful of the words that we say to one another.


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Watch what you say, you may not realize sharp, angry words create lasting damage.



Words are like fruit; once they fall down, they cannot return up. – Zulu Proverb


African Proverbs About Anger


Angry words are like a fist but the tongue of the wise brings healing.

The fool starts in his blood.

Fire in the heart sends smoke into the head.

Fire in the heart sends smoke into the head.

Excess perforates the drum.

Postpone today's anger until tomorrow.

Postpone today's anger until tomorrow.

Curse has no cure.

You do not bite the back of the person carrying you.

You do not bite the back of the person carrying you.

The angry person screams to air.

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Wednesday, October 24, 2018

Sesame Seed in Africa


Sesame Seed Varieties and Info in Africa

Sesame Seed in Africa


Like many plants, sesame seeds were brought to the United States from Africa during the late 16th early 17th century during the slave trade.


Sesame seeds were one of the first crops processed for oil.


The black sesame plant is an important plant in Sierra Leone, the seeds are often used to facilitate childbirth, heal sprains and make, and excellent seasoning called ogiri. The leaves of the sesame plant are also used as laxative and as topical remedy to heal stings of scorpions.


Sierra Leone is extremely poor and nearly half of the working-age population engages in subsistence agriculture. The sesame plant is native to west and central Africa and cultivated before written history. This plant grows wild in savanna and other habitat types. It is also grows abandoned in fields and farms and can grow on poor, rocky soils and it flowers even through drought conditions.


Sesame seeds were one of the first crops processed for oil. Adding sesame seeds to baked goods can be traced back to ancient Egyptian times from an ancient tomb painting that depicts a baker adding the seeds to bread dough.


Types of Sesame Seeds

Sesame Seed Bagle


Black sesame seeds, Brown sesame seeds and White sesame seeds

The darker the seed the stronger the flavor.

Black sesame seeds are used for their medicinal properties, as their aroma and flavor are quite strong. Since black sesame, seeds have a strong aroma and rich flavor, use them for stews, marinades and some sweets.


Brown sesame seeds are popularly used for oil extraction purpose. These are non-hulled seeds, and are widely used in cereals, candies, granola, and bakery items.


White sesame seeds are used in making bakery products and are the most widely used seeds in the market



Two traditional sesame seed recipes in Sierra Leone

Brown sesame seeds


In Sierra Leone sesame seeds are traditionally prepared in two ways:


1.   Toasted and ground into a powder, which is mixed with rice flour and water to obtain benni mix, a nutritious children’s food.



2.   Boiled for a long time and left to ferment in closed jute sacks to obtain a powder, which is wrapped in banana leaves and smoked. The resulting product, ogiri, is one of the most common seasonings in Sierra Leone, used to flavor soups and other dishes. It must be used with caution, as the pungent smell can become offensive if used in large quantities. It should also be cooked for at least 10-15 minutes to minimize its strong odor.




Did you know…


Tanzania in East Africa is the world’s largest producer of sesame seeds.

Sesame has one of the highest oil contents of any seed.

Sesame seeds are an excellent source of copper, a very good source of manganese, and a good source of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, molybdenum, vitamin B1, selenium and dietary fiber.


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Saturday, October 20, 2018

Hair DIY African Shea Butter and Honey

Hair DIY African Shea Butter and Honey Unisex Natural Deep Conditioner

Thick healthy hair, the natural way

Ingredients for hair conditioner are found at local markets and mixing the ingredients is easy. Add easy hair DIY African Shea Butter and Honey All-Natural Hair Conditioner for men and women to your hair regimen for thick healthy hair.

Unisex Natural Deep Conditioner for Healthy Natural Hair


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




One walk down the hair care aisle of the drugstore and you will see dozens of different conditioners and styling products for men and women.

Conditioner does as its name suggests rather than cleansing strands, it conditions the hair follicle and the effects are immediate. Using a conditioner is especially important if your hair is dry or thin. Conditioners contain ingredients that coat individual hairs so they look thicker and do not tangle as easily. No need for his and her hair conditioner products, there is little difference between the sexes when it comes to hair.

What is shea butter?


African shea butter is cream-colored oil extracted from the nut of the African shea tree. Shea butter is made from the oil of the shea tree and has earned the name woman's gold in Africa because of its economic value to African women.

Types of shea butter


1.   Raw shea butter is butter is shea butter which has not been filtered or molded into shapes.

2.   Unrefined shea butter is filtered and sometimes molded.

3.   Refined shea butter has undergone processing to remove its odor.

4.   Ultra-Refined Shea Butter has been significantly filtered and processed, which almost always loses the natural goodness of the shea nut.

*Both raw and unrefined shea butter has a distinctive odor if you add a few drops of high-grade essential oil this will improve the scent.

No need for his and hers hair conditioner products, there is little difference between the sexes when it comes to hair. Add easy DIY African Shea Butter and Honey All-Natural Hair Conditioner to your homemade recipe hair files for thick healthy hair.

Shea Butter and Honey All-Natural Hair Conditioner


Ingredients:
2 cups Greek yogurt
3 tablespoons raw shea butter
1 very, very ripe banana
2 tablespoons raw honey

Directions:

Thoroughly stir the honey, banana and shea butter together in a small saucepan over medium heat. Remove from heat cool, then add yogurt. Apply evenly to sectioned hair.  Cover hair with a shower cap for 30 minutes.  Rinse with warm water. 



Did you know?

It takes approximately 20 years for a tree to bear fruit and produce nuts used in making shea butter.


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Saturday, October 13, 2018

Hannibal, Commander or Canibal

Hannibal Barca General Commander-in-Chief of the Carthaginian army

Hannibal's identity crisis issue is almost nothing about him is written down by the Carthaginians. Most of the world's knowledge about Hannibal comes from the Greeks and Romans, who are his sworn enemies since he was nine years. It does not help the biography of Hannibal when Thomas Harris created Hannibal Lecter, who originally appeared in a series of novels and subsequently the horror movie Silence of the Lambs.

Hannibal Barca General Commander-in-Chief of the Carthaginian army

Hannibal, Commander or Canibal. When You Say The Name Hannibal, Whom Do You Think Of?


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Hannibal Barca 247-183 BC was a Carthaginian general during the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome, 218-202 BC and is one of the greatest military commanders in world history.



Hannibal the Commander


His father was Hamilcar Barca, 275-228 BC, the great general of the First Punic War 264-241 BC died command of the army passed to Hasdrubal, Hamilcar's son-in-law for eight years but Hasdrubal was assassinated. When news of his brother-in-law death reached the armies, the soldiers unanimously chosen Hannibal, age 21, as their commander. Hannibal streamlined his aggressive means of warfare and on assuming the command he at once rode out to conquer the Olcades, and soon made himself master strategy by a series of intelligent and formidable assaults which the Olcades were overwhelmed and surrendered to the Hannibal and the Carthaginians. Hannibal is considered one of the greatest generals of antiquity and his tactics are still studied and used in the present day. 

In 219 BC the Romans took over the city of Saguntum, near the modern town of Sagunto in the province of Valencia, Spain. The Romans, ignoring their treaty with the Carthaginians installed a coup d'état. Because of this, the capture of Saguntum was essential to Hannibal's plan and Hannibal conquered and destroyed the city Saguntum. The Saguntines turned to Rome for aid, but none was sent. In 218 BC after enduring eight months of siege the Saguntines' last defences were finally overrun. This was the start of the 2nd punic war.


Hannibal's crossing of the Alps in 218 BC second punic war is one of the most celebrated achievements of any military campaign. The Romans mistakenly presumed that the Alps created a secure natural barrier but they did not count on Hannibal's tenacity and intelligence. Hannibal occupied much of Italy for 15 years but was unable to march on Rome. Hannibal's army numbered 38,000 infantry, 8,000 cavalry, and 38 elephants, almost none of which would survive the harsh conditions of the Alps. 


An enemy counter-invasion of North Africa forced him to return to Carthage, where he was decisively defeated by Scipio Africanus at the Battle of Zama. Military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge, who fought as a Union officer in the American Civil War called Hannibal the father of strategy, because his greatest enemy, Rome, came to adopt elements of his military tactics in its own strategic arsenal. Hannibal remained true to the vow he had taken when young with his father by his side on the altar at the age of nine. Until his death, he remained an enemy of Rome and his name is remembered as Rome's greatest enemy even to the present day.


Did you know?
No surviving ancient biography on the subject of Hannibal has ever been found.

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Saturday, October 6, 2018

When You Can't Trust Water

When You Can't Trust Water

Precious eyesight can be saved, river blindness is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness worldwide. River Blindness is a tropical disease caused by a parasitic worm.




About 300,000 people are blind because of the parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus and another 800,000 have visual impairment. Nearly 99% of infected persons live in Africa.

Man in Tanzania Africa with River Blindness
Man in Tanzania Africa with River blindness


What is River Blindness?


River Blindness is transmitted through repeated bites by black flies that bite during the day. The disease is called River Blindness because the blackfly that transmits the infection lives and breeds near fast-flowing streams and rivers and the infection can result in blindness.

Humans become infected when blackflies deposit Onchocerca infective larvae into the skin when biting to extract blood. Once inside the human body, the larvae mature into adults in around 3 months to 1 year. Most adult female worms live in fibrous nodules under the skin and sometimes near muscles and joints.

Adult male worms are usually found near the female worms. Nodules form around the worms as part of the interaction between the parasite and its human host. Inside the nodules the worms are relatively safe from the human immune response.

As adults, female worms produce thousands of new larvae daily. The larvae become detectable in the skin 10 to 20 months after the initial infection. The adult worms can live up to 15 years inside the human body, and their larvae have a lifespan up to 2 years.

The death of microfilariae is very toxic to the skin and the eye, producing terrible itching and various eye manifestations (lesions). After repeated years of exposure, these lesions may lead to irreversible blindness and disfigurative skin diseases sometimes named "leopard" skin and "lizard" skin.

How Common is River Blindness?


Worldwide river blindness is second only to trachoma as an infectious cause of preventable blindness.
Eye exam

Worldwide river blindness is second only to trachoma as an infectious cause of preventable blindness. In some West African communities, the disease had blinded about 50% of men over the age of 40 years. People with major river blindness infections will usually have one or more of three conditions of itchy skin rash, eye disease, and/or nodules under the skin.

The World Health Organization estimates that at least 25 million people are infected and 123 million people live in areas that put them at risk of infection. About 300,000 people are blind because of the parasite and another 800,000 have visual impairment. Nearly 99% of infected persons live in Africa. River Blindness is commonly treated with an oral medicine called ivermectin however; there is neither a vaccine nor recommended drug available to prevent River Blindness.


Did you know?
Trachoma is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness and occurs where people live in overcrowded conditions with limited access to water and health care. Trachoma, an eye infection affecting both eyes, is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), trachoma is responsible for the visual impairment of 2.2 million people, of whom 1.2 million are irreversibly blind. 


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Thursday, October 4, 2018

Fear the Snitch African Proverbs

Fear the Snitch African Proverbs

Three Zulu African proverbs why you need to fear a snitch, trader and bad influence with proverb meanings and explanations.



Snitch, trader and bad influence Zulu African proverbs with explanations




Yintlolela yombini
A spy for both.
Meaning: Said of a snitch.




Ukaka kampetu
The shield turned the wrong way.
Meaning: This saying is applied to anyone who goes over from one party to another. It is a common expression for one who turns evidence against accomplices in crime.





Uyakulila ngasonye uxele inkawu
You will shed tears with one eye like a monkey.
Meaning: A warning used to deter any one from being led into a snare of any kind. It is said that when a monkey is caught in a trap he cries, but that tears come out of one eye only.


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Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Supernatural African Plants

Learn About Supernatural African Plants

Certain plants in Africa have a supernatural deadly reputation but these African plants, steeped in myth and folklore, have been used for thousands of years for medicinal purposes in Africa.




In Africa, the supernatural and medicinal properties of plants were secrets learnt by the most intelligent and observant members of static, pastoral and nomadic tribes and clans; and the possessor of these secrets became the supernatural cornerstone of the clan since holding the  knowledge acquired of herbs and their uses.

Herbalist growing supernatural African Plants
Herbalist growing supernatural African Plants

The medicinal properties of certain herbs and plants in skillful hands were well known to the ancient seers the symptoms and effects could be varied accordingly as the plants were dried, powdered, dissolved in water, eaten freshly gathered, or burnt as incense on the altars. The subtle powers of opiates obtained from certain plants were among the secrets carefully preserved by the witchdoctor.


Among the plants and flowers to which the power of divination has been attributed, among the Egyptians by the use of Opium and Kaempfer the patient fell into a rapturous state. From the juice of the Hemp, the Egyptians have for ages prepared an intoxicating extract, called Hashîsh, which is made up into balls of the size of a Chestnut. Having swallowed some of these, and thereby produced a species of intoxication, they experience ecstatic visions. The cork oak was held especially sacred to the ancient Egyptians as it was also thought useful in driving away evil spirits.


Satyrion is a favorite herb with North African herbalists, who held it to be one of the most powerful sexual desires. Cumin is thought to possess a mystical power of retention: hence, it has found its way into many a love-philter, as being able to ensure fidelity and constancy in love.

Growing herbs in South Africa
Growing herbs in South Africa


The Mandrake is one of the most celebrated of magical plants, but for an enumeration of its manifold mystic powers. The arid areas of Sudan are said to produce a certain fruit that the natives call Peci. It was believed that when pulled from the ground the root emitted a shrill cry that drove people mad and killed them. The plant grows in arid areas where it has been used as a hallucinogen, painkiller, aphrodisiac and fertility drug for thousands of years.


However, the dose has to be right. In essence, if you were to consume it you would basically get hallucinations, dizziness and increased heart rate, and you could get disturbed vision as a consequence of it, and then disturbed cognition. If the dose is high, enough it could kill you.


The mandrake is just one of 2,500 species belonging to the Solanaceae family, which also contains tomatoes, potatoes, chillies, aubergines, peppers, tobacco, deadly nightshade and henbane - they are commonly called the Nightshades.



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Tuesday, October 2, 2018

Stop Talking and Listen

Stop Talking and Listen

Stop talking and start listening to good African Proverb advice from the ancestors.




African Ancestor advice to listen to




  • Those who refuse to obey cannot command.
  • War ends nothing
  • If you are filled with pride then you will have no room for wisdom.
  • The lion does not turn around when a small dog barks.
  • The spider and the fly can't make a bargain.
  • An army of sheep led by a lion can defeat an army of lions led by sheep



African Proverbs

War ends nothing.


Those who refuse to obey cannot command.




The lion does not turn around when a small dog barks.


An army of sheep led by a lion can defeat an army of lions led by sheep


The spider and the fly can't make a bargain.
The spider and the fly can't make a bargain.  

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Mental Discovery

A bird sits on a tree it likes - African Proverb

Chic African Culture Featured Articles

Wise Words


A wise person does not fall down on the same hill twice.