Find your true life work in Africa.

Find your true life work in Africa. Africa is home to more unknown history than known. A map of Africa does not begin to show the vastness of people, culture, food, living and ancient history of the African continent. Established 2008 Chic African Culture is a learning tool to meet the demand for better education about the entire continent of Africa.

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Find your true life work in Africa.

A lion that is caged will hate the one that is free. - with love from your ancestors

Monday, December 31, 2018

Throw it in the pot African chicken stew

Throw it in the pot African chicken stew
Groundnut is the customary African word for peanut, and reduced fat African groundnut stew is one of many versions of this popular West African dish.

Throw it in the pot easy to make West African peanut soup with chicken recipe



Chicken African peanut stew is one of the dozens of versions of this iconic West African dish Reduced Fat African Groundnut Stew Recipe


Ingredients
2 small chicken breasts with the skin removed
1 medium onion, sliced
1 medium red or green pepper, chopped
1/2 cup low-fat peanut butter
1 small can tomato paste
2 cups frozen green peas
3 medium carrots, peeled and cut
2 teaspoons red pepper flake
Salt to taste
6 cups water

Directions
Boil until chicken is done about 15 minutes in a large pot. Add onion, carrots, chopped pepper, tomato paste, salt, and red pepper flake to pot. Cook for 10 minutes. Add a small amount of water to peanut butter to make a smooth paste. Add peanut butter to broth mixture and boil for 5 minutes. Serve reduced fat African groundnut stew with rice.


Did you know

Groundnut is the customary African word for peanut but groundnut was cultivated in West Africa hundreds of years before the introduction of the peanut.


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Sunday, December 30, 2018

African Food Six Facts

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African food six facts

African food six facts




Article Topics
What is African food, African food influences, African food ingredients



African food six facts

African food recipes vary from village to village, town to town, city to city and the 54 African countries on the African continent have its own food influences.

African food recipes are usually based on a carbohydrate staple such as cassava, sweet potatoes, cocoyams, yams, and plantains.

It is impossible to group African food into one category. The food of Africa is as diverse as its culture and language.


African food is often highly seasoned with no less than five or six spices blended masterly into one dish.

Fishing is the lifeblood of Africa. The coastline of Africa is 18,950 miles, countless lakes and rivers, Africa's largest lakes are located in the Great Lake region and are centered on and around the East African Rift. The longest river in the world, the Nile at 4,132 miles is located in eleven countries in Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, and Egypt. West African nations have some of the richest fishing grounds in the world.

Imported and locally grown cereal grains such as sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, teff, fonio, wheat, and rice are consumed in large quantities and are a major part of the African diet.


What is the food like in Africa? If you like French, Italian, English, Caribbean, American, Spanish, Dutch and native foods; you will love African food.

If you like French, Italian, English, Caribbean, American, Spanish, Dutch, and native foods you will love African food.

What is the food like in Africa

In Africa, you will find dishes influenced by people who lived there for millions as years as well as major influences from cultures that colonized Africa and newly established fast food chain restaurants.

In addition, with a range of climates and growing conditions, the ingredients for African cuisine are diverse. It is impossible to group African food into one category.
Food recipes of a community are often closely related to where they live as well as the increasing urbanization of African populations. 

Generalizations about African food are not helpful in describing a subject as complex as diets, which depend on many economic, environmental, social and cultural factors. African food recipes are usually based on a carbohydrate staple served with soups, relishes, and sauces, which may or may not be spicy, prepared from a wide variety of other ingredients.

With local influences, colonization and a growing fast food market, there is no way to precisely describe African food except, the food of Africa reflects its
history and future.



West African nations have some of the richest fishing grounds in the world; yet their food security is under threat.
Fishing in Ghana


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Saturday, December 29, 2018

Cassava Description, Toxicity, Uses, How to Prepare

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What is Cassava


Article Topics
Cassava health benefits, Cassava nutrition, Cassava recipe




Cassava

Cassava is grown and cultivated in around 40 African countries
Cassava flour

Portuguese traders introduced cassava into Africa from Brazil in the 16th century. Currently, about half of the world production of cassava is in Africa. The plant is known under many names: ubi kettella, kaspe, manioca, rumu, yucca, mandioca, aipim, manioc, tapioca, and cassada.

Cassava is grown and cultivated in around 40 African countries, stretching through a wide belt from Madagascar in the Southeast to Senegal and to Cape Verde in the Northwest. Around 70 percent of Africa's cassava output is harvested in Nigeria, the Congo, and Tanzania.

Traditionally, cassava is produced on small-scale family farms. The roots are processed and prepared as a subsistence crop for home consumption and for sale in village markets and shipment to urban centers.

Cassava is second only to the sweet potato as the most important starchy root crop of the tropics.
Cassava in DRC

Grown throughout the tropical world, cassava is second only to the sweet potato as the most important starchy root crop of the tropics. Throughout the forest and transition zones of Africa, cassava is either a primary staple or a secondary food staple.

Cassava produces bulky storage roots with a heavy concentration of carbohydrates, about 80 percent and is rich in carbohydrates, calcium, vitamins B and C, and essential minerals. Cassava roots are rich in protein and can be toxic if grown in poor soils and in dry conditions. 


If not cooked correctly cassava will create cyanide, a deadly chemical. The taste of cyanide has been described as a bitter burning sensation when consumed. Cyanide prevents the cells of the body from using oxygen. When this happens, the cells die.

Cooking cassava fritters
Cooking cassava fritters




Cassava Fritters Recipe


Best Fritters Recipe
Cassava Fritters Recipe Cassava fritters served with homemade soups and stews recipes. Golden brown cassava fritters are a favorite recipe of Africa made with ground cassava flour and spices fried into delicious snacks.
Serves 8
Fried Food


Prep time:
Cook time:
Total time:
By
Snack

Cassava Fritters Recipe

Ingredients
2 cups cassava flour
1/2 teaspoon onion powder
1/2 teaspoon garlic salt
1 tablespoon white sugar
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
1/4 - 1/3 cups water
1-2 cups oil for frying

Directions
In a large frying pan heat vegetable oil. Add all ingredients, mix well and form small fritters, fry until golden brown about 3 minutes on each side. Sprinkle with extra salt or curry powder before serving.

Best Fritters Recipe

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Thursday, December 27, 2018

Khat Amphetamine Drug Explained

Khat leaves
Khat leaves


Khat Amphetamine Drug Explained

Khat Amphetamine Drug Explained




Article Topics
Drug, Pharmacology, Toxicology, Khat, Effect


Khat is a stimulant drug derived from a shrub named Catha edulis. 



Chewing Khat is celebrated as a ritual drug or illegal drug depending on where you live
Chewing Khat is celebrated as a ritual drug or illegal drug depending on where you live 


Khat (pronounced cot) is an evergreen shrub that grows in areas bordering the Red Sea, including countries in the horn of East Africa particularly Ethiopia. The Khat leaves are chewed by men, women, and children.


Cathinone and cathine are chemicals similar to the effects of amphetamines and result in similar stimulant effects in the brain and body. Khat is the locally chewed social drug in places such as Ethiopia and has a long history as social routine dating back thousands of years.


Khat plant is widely cultivated and known by a variety of names in Yemen, the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and many other places in and around Africa. Khat is grown in groves and three to four hours per day is devoted to striping the branches chewing the leaves releasing the drug. Other Names for Khat are Abyssinian Tea, Arabian-Tea, Chat, Jaad, Kat, Qaat and, Tohat.


The khat chewer plucks the tender leaves from the branches and tucks the leaves into their cheeks, eventually forming a wad similar to chewing tobacco. Khat is a stimulant that speeds up the heart and breathing and increases blood pressure. Khat makes a person feel alert and relieves stress, that makes it a popular simulate among students.


In some countries, 15–20% of children under the age of 12 are also daily users of khat. Khat is a controlled substance in some countries, such as the United States, Canada, and Germany, while its production, sale, and consumption are legal in other nations, including Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen.


At the Chat Market

At the Chat Market


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Wednesday, December 26, 2018

Harmattan Wind of Africa Blows Dust and Misery

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Harmattan Wind of Africa Blows Dust and Misery

Harmattan Wind of Africa Blows Dust and Misery




Article Topics
ill Wind, Harmattan Wind, West Africa weather


Harmattan winds is a miserable season in West Africa. African countries with a Harmattan wind season are Nigeria, Central African Republic, Mali, Niger, Ghana, Benin, Senegal, and Burkina Faso.


Ill Dust Wind Blows
Harmattan Ill Dust Wind Blows


West Africa is well known for Harmattan winds. The Harmattan wind is strongest from the end of November to March and is a very dry and very dusty trade wind that blows from the Atlantic Ocean across Africa. Harmattan trade winds also steer African sand westward across the Atlantic ocean into the Southeastern part of the USA and the Caribbean Sea.


Harmattan winds in West Africa are cold, dry, dust-laden winds. Harmattan wind temperature fluctuates from cold to temperate.
Humidity drops by 10 to 15 percent during the Harmattan season.


The dry dusty wind is capable of causing a variety of infrastructure troubles. This fine dust covers the entire atmosphere causing limited visibility comparable to heavy rain or snowstorm. This condition is called Harmattan haze.


A harmattan wind brings very dry weather conditions, lower humidity, scatters cloud cover, prevents rainfall formation and creates clouds of dust resulting in dust storms. These dust storms have grave medical consequence, as it consists of fine dust particles between 0.5 micrometers and 10 micrometers that is 17 times smaller than the width of a single strand of human hair.


The skin can become dry during Harmattan season as a result of the dry wind. When the skin is dry, it becomes wrinkled. The skin can also have cracks, which can degenerate into bruises. People especially sickle cell anemia patients also have the tendency to develop skin rashes during the season, which can also induce itching, whereby they may inadvertently introduce infections to the skin. People in West Africa breathe dry air dusty particles leading to an increased incidence of sneezing, nose bleeding, and cough, mucus, sore throat, as well as trigger attacks in asthmatic patients. 


In legend, the Harmattan season has a positive side since a severe Harmattan season means a fruitful harvest for fruit trees like mangoes, avocado, and guava. African countries with a Harmattan wind season are Nigeria, Central African Republic, Mali, Niger, Ghana, Benin, Senegal, and Burkina Faso.



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Tuesday, December 25, 2018

Super Hot Pepper Water Stew

Super Hot Pepper Water Stew

Super Hot Pepper Water Stew


Selling vegetables for chicken stew

Making the super hot West African Pepper Water Chicken Stew is essential African food cooking. Pepper water stew is a fiery stew filled with meats and veggies. This is an African recipe you should always have on hand for family and friends who love flaming hot stews.


Super Hot Pepper Water Stew

Ingredients
2 pounds cut up stew chicken
1 pound cubed veal 
4 cups cold water
2 large onions, sliced
1 tablespoon butter
3 hot chili peppers
1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
4 stalks celery, diced
1 tablespoon curry powder
1 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
Juice of one lemon


Directions
Cut up the chicken and veal, add the cold water to them, and place over a slow fire. Slice the onions and brown them in the butter. Add them and the peppercorns, cloves, chopped celery, and curry powder stirred to a smooth paste with a little water to the meat. 

Simmer together slowly until the chicken is tender. Remove the meat from the bones and cut it into small pieces. Put the bones into the kettle and simmer for another hour. 

Strain the liquid from the veal and bones and remove the fat. Add the salt, pepper, chicken, and the juice of the lemon. Return to the fire and cook for a few minutes. Serve with a tablespoonful or two of cooked rice in each soup dish.

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Monday, December 24, 2018

Mental Illness in Africa Taboos

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Mental Illness in Africa Taboos

Mental illness and mental health are widely neglected on African health and development policies.





Article Topics
depression in Africa, mental illness in African culture, chain mentally ill

Africa is ripe with war, sexual violence and rape, famine, displacement, and natural and manmade disaster but the epidemic of mental illness and mental health problems are taboo subjects that leave people stigmatized in much of Africa. The epidemic of mental illness and mental health issues in Africa often come last on the list of national and local importance.


Banksy Follow Your Dreams, Cancelled
Banksy Follow Your Dreams

Depression is not an illness?


Most developing countries dedicate less than 2 percent of governmental healthcare budgets to mental health care. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 56 percent of African countries have community-based mental health facilities, 37 percent have mental health facilities for children and 15 percent for the elderly.

Mental illness is a taboo subject that is stigmatized in much of Africa but people in Africa don’t suffer any less because they are African and believe mental illness is caused by the wrath of God, witchcraft, or possessed by spirits. We don’t often think about the long-term mental health impact of the issues that they are living through such as conflict, homeliness, famine, drug use, and disaster.

Former child soldiers in Africa did not go back to being happy school children when the conflict ended, however when the peace agreements were signed people went about their daily lives as if it was over. Most developing countries dedicate less than 2% of government health budgets to mental health care. 

Mental health issues are usually given very low priority in health service policies and services that are funded are poorly staffed. Mental health issues often come last on the list of priorities for policy-makers. Where mortality is still mostly the result of infectious diseases and malnutrition, the morbidity and disablement due to mental illness receive very little attention from the government. 


Superstition accused of mental health diseases

Rusty chain


In parts of Africa, people’s attitudes towards mental illness are still strongly influenced by traditional beliefs. These beliefs are sometimes so prevalent it affects the policy funding of mental healthcare services. In Uganda, "Locally people say Mulalu, which literally means you're mad, you're useless" says Jimmy Odoki, who also has bipolar disorder. "Where I come from people say 'that one he's a walking dead'." according to the BBC. 

This belief system often leads to unhelpful or health-damaging responses to mental illness, and to the stigmatization of the mentally ill. Young girls and women that are from families that are known to have a history of mental illness marriage prospects are severely limited. Fear means people with mental illnesses and their family can end up being abandoned by society.

In some areas of Africa, the solution for caring for the mentally ill is to chain mentally ill people by the ankle and hide them away. At home, people with mental illness are commonly chained by their parents or other relatives to control the mentally ill person. Many volunteer organizations provide only temporary psychological care to the vulnerable citizens of Africa in humanitarian emergencies.

The African Mental Health Foundation (AMHF) was established in 2004 by Professor David M. Ndetei, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Nairobi. AMHF was created in the response to national tragedies such as the school fire tragedy in 2002 in which 67 school children were burnt to death. Members of AMHF saw a great need provide mental health services to survivors and victims’ families. 

Conflict situations also fuel sexual violence and rape which require specialized psychological care which is urgently needed in some parts of Africa. Governmental and non-governmental agencies must work together to ensure a comprehensive approach towards a solution to suitable mental healthcare in Africa Mental health is neglected on Africa's health and development policy agenda.

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Sunday, December 23, 2018

Interesting Facts About African Agriculture

Teach everything you know 54 Interesting Facts About African Agriculture

54 Interesting Facts About African Agriculture





Agriculture is at the heart of Africa


Urbanization, higher food prices, displacement, conflict, and climatic changes are profoundly altering the environment in Africa’s agriculture.


Reaping crops in Algeria
Reaping crops in Algeria




Africa’s top 20 most important Agriculture Products


Agriculture Products
Number of African countries dependence
Livestock
41
Corn (Maize)
35
Cassava
28
Cotton
27
Coffee
25
23
Peanuts
21
Bananas
20
Sorghum
19
Fish
17
Sugarcane
16
Cocoa
15
Millet
15
Non-root Vegetables
15
Beans
13
Palm Kernels and Oil
13
Timber
12
Wheat
11
10
Tea Leaves
10


Agriculture is at the heart of Africa
Growing crops in Uganda

An ordered listing of major African crops and products starting with the most important.

African Country                      Most Important Agriculture Products
Algeria
Wheat, barley, oats, wine and table grapes, olives, citrus, fruits, livestock

Angola
Bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, cassava, tobacco, vegetables, plantains, livestock, forest products, fish

Benin
Cotton, corn, cassava, yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews, livestock

Botswana
Livestock, sorghum, corn, millet, beans, cut flowers, groundnuts

Burkina Faso
Cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice, livestock

Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, beans, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, cassava, beef, milk, animal hides

Cabo Verde
Bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts, fish

Cameroon
Coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, cassava, livestock, timber
The Central African Republic
Cotton, coffee, tobacco, cassava, yams, millet, corn, bananas, timber

Chad
Cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, sesame, corn, rice, potatoes, onions, cassava, livestock
Côte d'Ivoire
Coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber, timber

Democratic Republic of Congo
Coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, cassava, bananas, plantains, peanuts, corn, fruits, wood products
Djibouti
Fruits, vegetables, livestock, animal hides
Egypt
Cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables, water buffalo, livestock

Equatorial Guinea
Coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava, bananas, palm oil, livestock, timber
Eritrea
Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal, livestock, fish

Eswatini (formally Swaziland)
Sugarcane, corn, cotton, citrus, pineapples, livestock

Ethiopia
Cereals, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables, khat, cut flowers, animal hides, livestock, fish
Gabon
Cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, livestock, timber, fish

Gambia, The
Rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava, palm kernels, livestock
Ghana
Cocoa, rice, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas, timber

Guinea
Rice, coffee, pineapples, mangoes, palm kernels, cocoa, cassava, bananas, potatoes, sweet potatoes, livestock, timber
Guinea-Bissau
Rice, corn, beans, cassava, cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton, timber, fish
Kenya
Tea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables, cut flowers, dairy products, livestock, fish, eggs

Lesotho
Corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley, livestock

Liberia
Rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava, palm oil, sugarcane, bananas, livestock, timber
Libya
Wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans, livestock

Madagascar
Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava, beans, bananas, peanuts, livestock
Malawi
Tobacco, sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, sorghum, pulses, cotton, groundnuts, macadamia nuts, coffee, livestock
Mali
Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts, livestock

Mauritania
Dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, livestock
Mauritius
Sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses, livestock, fish

Morocco
Barley, wheat, citrus fruits, grapes, vegetables, olives, livestock, wine

Cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava, corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, cut flowers, livestock
Namibia
Millet, sorghum, peanuts, wine and table grapes, livestock, fish

Niger
Cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava, rice, livestock, camels, donkeys, horses
Nigeria
Cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber, livestock, timber, fish
Republic of the Congo
Cassava, sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa, forest products
Rwanda
Coffee, tea, pyrethrum insecticide, bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes, livestock
Sao Tome and Principe
Cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, coconut products, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans, poultry, fish

Senegal
Peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, vegetables, livestock, fish
Seychelles
Coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava, coconut products, bananas, fish

Sierra Leone
Rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts, cashews, livestock, fish
Somalia
Bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans, livestock, fish
South Africa
Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, livestock, wool, dairy products

South Sudan
Sorghum, corn, rice, millet, wheat, Arabic gum, sugarcane, mangoes, papayas, bananas, sweet potatoes, sunflower seeds, cotton, sesame seeds, cassava, beans, peanuts, livestock

Sudan
Cotton, groundnuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, Arabic gum, sugarcane, cassava, mangoes, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds, animal feed, livestock
Tanzania
Coffee, charcoal, sisal, tea, cotton, insecticide, cashews, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava, sweet potatoes, bananas, fruits, vegetables, livestock, timber products
The Republic of Congo
Cassava, sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa, timber products
Togo
Coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava, corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum, livestock, fish
Tunisia
Olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds, beef, dairy products
Uganda
Coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava, sweet potatoes and potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers, beef, goat-meat, milk, poultry, fish

Zambia
Corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seeds, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava, coffee, livestock, milk, eggs, animal hides
Zimbabwe
Tobacco, corn, cotton, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts, livestock


Woman farmer in Tanzania
A woman farmer in Tanzania


Article Topics
agriculture in africa statistics, africa agriculture facts, agriculture gdp africa


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Find your true life work in Africa.

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