Find your true life work in Africa.

Find your true life work in Africa. Africa is home to more unknown history than known. A map of Africa does not begin to show the vastness of people, culture, food, living and ancient history of the African continent. Established 2008 Chic African Culture is a learning tool to meet the demand for better education about the entire continent of Africa.


Find your true life work in Africa.

A lion that is caged will hate the one that is free. - with love from your ancestors

Sunday, December 23, 2018

Interesting Facts About African Agriculture

Teach everything you know 54 Interesting Facts About African Agriculture

54 Interesting Facts About African Agriculture

Agriculture is at the heart of Africa. Africa’s top 20 most important Agriculture Products.

Urbanization, higher food prices, displacement, conflict, and climatic changes are profoundly altering the environment in Africa’s agriculture.

Reaping crops in Algeria
Reaping crops in Algeria

Africa’s top 20 most important Agriculture Products

Agriculture Products
Number of African countries dependence
Corn (Maize)
Non-root Vegetables
Palm Kernels and Oil
Tea Leaves

About Africa’s top 5 most important Agriculture Products


Many farmers across rural Africa depend on their livestock for survival. Whether animals such as chickens, goats, pigs, and cattle are used as a primary source of household food or as income from the sale of animal by-products, they represent an important asset to many families throughout the continent. In the next 30-40 years, the demand for animal-source foods will grow rapidly in the African continent due to growth in the human population, increasing consumer purchasing power and urbanization.

Corn (Maize)

Maize is widely grown throughout the world. It is an important food staple in many African countries, the oldest maize, about 7 000 years old, was found by archaeologists in Teotihuacan, a valley near Puebla in Mexico. Maize has three possible uses: as food, as feed for livestock and as raw material for industry.


Cassava is an edible root that provides an important source of carbohydrates for an estimated 500 million people in Africa, Asia, and the Americas. Nearly every person in Africa eats around 176 pounds or 80 kilograms of cassava per year. Cassava is known by various names, manioc, yucca, yuca, mandioca, and tapioca. Cassava originated from tropical America and was first introduced into Africa in the Congo Basin by the Portuguese around 1558. Cassava is a major staple food in the developing world, providing a basic diet for over half a billion people.

Nigeria is the world's largest producer of cassava, while Thailand is the largest exporter of dried cassava. Apart from food, cassava is very versatile and its derivatives and starch are applicable in many types of products such as foods, confectionery, sweeteners, glues, plywood, textiles, paper, biodegradable products, monosodium glutamate, and drugs. Cassava chips and pellets are used in animal feed and alcohol production.


Cotton is Benin’s most important cash crop however, cotton production in Africa has fallen in recent years. African farmer’s production in Burkina Faso Africa lost $89.5 million in revenue in five cotton growing seasons using Monsanto’s genetically modified cotton seeds. The cotton shirt you are wearing may be made from GMO cotton fibers. In Africa, large cotton plantations or farms are dedicated to growing cotton.

Picking cotton in Africa without machinery is very hot, hard, physical work where women and often time’s children work the same hours as men. At harvest time, pickers are expected to pick a certain amount of cotton each day or they do not earn enough money to support their families. Most work as field hands-on cotton plantations. Today raw cotton is processed in the state's grain mills which the picker must pay for the use of the mill.


Africa particularly the Ethiopian Rift Valley is famous across the world for growing producing the best coffee in the world, primarily due to its superior growing conditions. There are two distinct processing methods for coffee, dry and wet. The dry method is used in which the coffee beans are dried whole without pulping. The beans are spread evenly over the drying area and turned over periodically. The use of mechanical dryers is becoming increasingly popular. The beans can be placed in the dryer right after washing. Overheating ruins the quality of the coffee. Coffee is processed only to the parchment-coffee stage on most small Ethiopian coffee farms and plantations.

The parchment coffee is then sold to a larger plantation or to a miller who mills the coffee. Large farms frequently do all their processing, including roasting. Coffee is frequently polished to remove all the silver skin and give the coffee a more attractive, smooth, shiny appearance. The wet method involves the removal of the pulp, fermentation of the thick, gluey material covering the parchment skin, rinsing, and then drying. Most countries producing mild coffee use the wet method. All exported coffee, washed and sun-dried, goes up for sale through the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange. Fair Trade coffee and many other products help with the sustainable development of Africa by offering better trading conditions and securing the rights of farmers and workers around the world.

Did you know?

The main staple foods in the average African diet are in terms of energy cereal rice, wheat, maize (corn), millet, sorghum 46 percent, then roots and tubers such as potatoes, cassava, yams and taro 20 percent and animal products as meat, milk, eggs, cheese and fish 7 percent. The highest consumption of millet, oil palm, okra, sorghum, teff, wheat, yams and coffee tops the list. Staple foods are eaten regularly and in such quantities as to constitute the dominant part of the diet and supply a major proportion of energy and nutrient needs. Of more than 50,000 edible plant species in the world, only a few hundred contribute significantly to food supplies. Wild plants are essential for many rural subsistence households; at least 100 million people are thought to use them. In Ghana, for instance, the leaves of over 100 species of wild plants and the fruits of another 200 are consumed.

Agriculture is at the heart of Africa
Growing crops in Uganda

An ordered listing of major African crops and products starting with the most important.

African Country                      Most Important Agriculture Products
Wheat, barley, oats, wine and table grapes, olives, citrus, fruits, livestock

Bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, cassava, tobacco, vegetables, plantains, livestock, forest products, fish

Cotton, corn, cassava, yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, cashews, livestock

Livestock, sorghum, corn, millet, beans, cut flowers, groundnuts

Burkina Faso
Cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice, livestock

Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, beans, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, cassava, beef, milk, animal hides

Cabo Verde
Bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts, fish

Coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, cassava, livestock, timber
The Central African Republic
Cotton, coffee, tobacco, cassava, yams, millet, corn, bananas, timber

Cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, sesame, corn, rice, potatoes, onions, cassava, livestock
Côte d'Ivoire
Coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber, timber

Democratic Republic of Congo
Coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, cassava, bananas, plantains, peanuts, corn, fruits, wood products
Fruits, vegetables, livestock, animal hides
Cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables, water buffalo, livestock

Equatorial Guinea
Coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava, bananas, palm oil, livestock, timber
Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal, livestock, fish

Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
Sugarcane, corn, cotton, citrus, pineapples, livestock

Cereals, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, vegetables, khat, cut flowers, animal hides, livestock, fish
Cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, livestock, timber, fish

Gambia, The
Rice, millet, sorghum, peanuts, corn, sesame, cassava, palm kernels, livestock
Cocoa, rice, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas, timber

Rice, coffee, pineapples, mangoes, palm kernels, cocoa, cassava, bananas, potatoes, sweet potatoes, livestock, timber
Rice, corn, beans, cassava, cashew nuts, peanuts, palm kernels, cotton, timber, fish
Tea, coffee, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables, cut flowers, dairy products, livestock, fish, eggs

Corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley, livestock

Rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava, palm oil, sugarcane, bananas, livestock, timber
Wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans, livestock

Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava, beans, bananas, peanuts, livestock
Tobacco, sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, sorghum, pulses, cotton, groundnuts, macadamia nuts, coffee, livestock
Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts, livestock

Dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn, livestock
Sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses, livestock, fish

Barley, wheat, citrus fruits, grapes, vegetables, olives, livestock, wine

Cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava, corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, cut flowers, livestock
Millet, sorghum, peanuts, wine and table grapes, livestock, fish

Cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava, rice, livestock, camels, donkeys, horses
Cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber, livestock, timber, fish
Republic of the Congo
Cassava, sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa, forest products
Coffee, tea, pyrethrum insecticide, bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes, livestock
Sao Tome and Principe
Cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, coconut products, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans, poultry, fish

Peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, vegetables, livestock, fish
Coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava, coconut products, bananas, fish

Sierra Leone
Rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts, cashews, livestock, fish
Bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans, livestock, fish
South Africa
Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables, livestock, wool, dairy products

South Sudan
Sorghum, corn, rice, millet, wheat, Arabic gum, sugarcane, mangoes, papayas, bananas, sweet potatoes, sunflower seeds, cotton, sesame seeds, cassava, beans, peanuts, livestock

Cotton, groundnuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, Arabic gum, sugarcane, cassava, mangoes, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds, animal feed, livestock
Coffee, charcoal, sisal, tea, cotton, insecticide, cashews, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava, sweet potatoes, bananas, fruits, vegetables, livestock, timber products
The Republic of Congo
Cassava, sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa, timber products
Coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava, corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum, livestock, fish
Olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds, beef, dairy products
Coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava, sweet potatoes and potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers, beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, fish

Corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seeds, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava, coffee, livestock, milk, eggs, animal hides
Tobacco, corn, cotton, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts, livestock

Woman farmer in Tanzania
A woman farmer in Tanzania

Article Topics
agriculture in africa statistics, africa agriculture facts, agriculture gdp africa

Getting to Know Africa

Historical African Country Name
Top 20 Largest Countries in Africa
How many countries does Africa have?

Learn more about Africa.

Roots of Africanized Christianity Spiritual Songs
Chocolate Processing Facts History and Recipes
Awesome Kenyan Woman
Land is Not For Women in Sierra Leone
African Kente Cloth Facts
Accra the Ghanaian Capital Ultimate Mall Experience

Chic African Culture and The African Gourmet=
Visit Chic African Culture YouTube Page

Share this page

Chic African Culture Featured Articles

Find your true life work in Africa.

A wise person does not fall down on the same hill twice.