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Monday, April 2, 2018

International Criminal Court ICC

Burundi Tutsis and Hutus

Burundi Tutsis and Hutus

With Tutsi rebels continuing to fight waging guerrilla battles in Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi, the ethnic strife that sparked the slaughters in Rwanda and Burundi continue in the regions.

Hutus first settled in the Great Lakes region of Central Africa between five hundred and one thousand BC and were an agricultural people who lived in large family groups. The Tutsis were a nomadic people who began arriving in the Great Lakes region from Ethiopia some four hundred years ago. Eventually, the Tutsis settled amongst the Hutus adopting the languages, beliefs and customs.

Colonial rule, which began in the late 19th Century, did little to bring the groups together. The Belgians, who ruled what, would later become Rwanda and Burundi, forced Hutus and Tutsis to carry ethnic identity cards. The colonial administrators further exacerbated divisions by only allowed Tutsis to attain higher education and hold positions of power.

However, economic differences between the groups soon began to form. The Tutsis as cattle-herders were often in a position of economic dominance to the farming Hutus and in many areas, like Rwanda, the minority Tutsis ruled the Hutus. The only difference between the two groups was economic, rather than ethnic.

Burundi Timeline

n  Burundi pre-1300s Hutu people settle in the region.
n  Burundi 1400s Tutsi settlers arrive.
n  Burundi 1500s Distinct Burundian kingdom emerges.
n  Burundi 1890 Urundi and Ruanda merge into German East Africa.
n  Burundi 1923 Belgium administers RuandaUrundi.
n  Burundi 1959 Prince Louis is prime minister killed 1961.
n  Burundi 1962 Urundi is separated from RuandaUrundi.
n  Burundi 1963 Hutus flee to Rwanda due to ethnic violence.
n  Burundi 1965 King Mwambutsa refuses to appoint Hutu prime minister.
n  Burundi 1972 120000 Hutus massacred by government forces.
n  Burundi 1981 A new constitution in Burundi.
n  Burundi  1988 Hutus massacred by Tutsis flee to Rwanda.
n  Burundi 1993 Civil War claims over 300000 lives.
n  Burundi  1994 Genocide in Rwanda 800000 killed.
n  Burundi 2000 Gov. and three Tutsi groups sign a ceasefire accord.
n  Burundi 2004 UN takes over peacekeeping duties from African Union.
n  Burundi 2008 Government and FNL rebels sign ceasefire.

n  Burundi 2017 ICC judges openings investigation into crimes against humanity in Burundi.           

Did you know?
In October 2017 Burundi was the first ever country to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC) stating the reason for leaving was due to the International Criminal Court of deliberately targeting Africans for prosecution. The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is an intergovernmental organization and international tribunal that sits in The Hague in the Netherlands. The ICC has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.

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