Skip to main content

All About The Democratic Republic of Congo

All About The Democratic Republic of Congo

Africa DRC History

The Democratic Republic of Congo a brief history; it is estimated that half of the native Congolese population died in the period 1885-1908 because of Leopold's administration’s brutal systems. This period in The Democratic Republic of Congo history is known as the African Holocaust. Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga was the dictator 2nd President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1965 to 1997.

Kisingani, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

All About The Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), previously named Zaire was the personal property of brutal Belgian King Leopold II in the late 19th century, who exploited its people ruthlessly to extract its great mineral resources and to grow and export rubber for the growing international automobile market. Leopold's army, the Force Publique, adopted a terrifying brutal policy towards the black African Congolese people to ensure their free labor.

It is estimated that half of the native Congolese population died in the period 1885-1908 because of Leopold's administration’s brutal systematic reign of terror. This period in DCR history is known as the African Holocaust. After independence, the Force Publique was renamed the Congolese National Army or ANC.

DRC acquired independence in 1960 after 52 years under Belgian state rule but quickly descended into political turmoil. One hundred thousand white Europeans left the country soon after independence. The first President of the The Democratic Republic of Congo Joseph Kasavubu and Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba quickly had major conflicts.

Patrice Lumumba was the first Prime Minister of the independent Democratic Republic of the Congo from June until September 1960. He played a significant role in the transformation of the Congo from a colony of Belgium into an independent republic. Ideologically an African nationalist and Pan-Africanist, he led the Mouvement National Congolais (MNC) party from 1958 until he was kidnapped and killed by militants from the mineral rich Katanga Province.

In 1965, the Congolese Army's Chief of Staff, Joseph Mobutu, took power in a coup, Mobutu, then called Joseph Mobutu Mobutu quickly set about nationalizing foreign owned companies and renamed the country, The Republic of Zaire in 1971. Corruption reigned supreme and the DRC economy nosedived when Mobutu focused his attention on increasing his own personal wealth estimated to be worth 5 billion US dollars by 1984.

Mobutu gave free reign to his cabinet, leaving them to accumulate personal fortunes. Whenever any individual became too rich or powerful Mobutu imprisoned, tortured, and then reinstated them to both retain their loyalty and keep them in their place. Infrastructure crumbled and all but his Special Presidential Division could guarantee a regular wage.

For a brief period in 1975, the media was forbidden from mentioning any name but Mobutu's. US President Reagan hosted Mobutu at the White House on three separate occasions, and when Katangan rebels invaded from Angola in 1977, French and Belgian troops came to his aid, with logistical support from the US.

DRC military justice officer

Mobutu was eventually overthrown in 1997 by long-time rebel Laurent-Désiré Kabila, who commanded an invading army, supported by the Rwandan and Ugandan governments. Relations between Rwanda and Mobutu had been strained since 1994 when Mobutu appeared sympathetic towards the radical Hutus who had initiated the genocide of Tutsis - many of whom had fled into Eastern Zaire. Mobutu retained his position for 32 years through several sham elections, as well as through brutal force.

Kabila exiled Mobutu and renamed Zaire the Democratic Republic of Congo. In August 1998, Kabila regime was itself challenged by a second insurrection again backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Angola, Chad, Namibia, Sudan, and Zimbabwe intervened to support Kabila's regime. In January 2001, Kabila was assassinated by his bodyguards and his son, Joseph Kabila, was named head of state. An estimated five million people died in the ensuing civil war. His son Joseph Kabila is the current president and in 2002 successfully negotiated the withdrawal of the last Rwandan troops from the East of the country.

In 2009, following a resurgence of conflict in the eastern DRC, the government signed a peace agreement with the National Congress for the Defense of the People (CNDP), a primarily Tutsi rebel group. The DRC continues to experience violence committed by other armed groups including the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, the Allied Democratic Forces, and assorted Mai Mai militias. The DRC Constitution bars President Joseph Kabila from running for a third term; on November 6, 2017, The Democratic Republic of Congo announced that the much-delayed elections to replace President Joseph Kabila would take place in December 2018.

Kasai region of The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)



Links to African history and facts

African Water Spirit Mami Wata

Reported Female Genital Cutting Countries

Nkasa Tree Test for Witches

African Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

Life in the Slums of Africa

The Walking Dead | Learn All About Voodoo

How Drones Are Changing Humanitarian Disaster Response

Chic African Culture and The African Gourmet=

Popular posts from this blog

Nature Holds Many Secrets | Hurricanes, Angry African Ancestors

Eastern coasts of Caribbean, United States, and South America, are in danger of being blasted by hurricanes wind and rain during hurricane season from June through November. But, why?  

The scientific reason why is because of Africa’s Sahara desert dust storms and the transition of thunderstorms off the west coast of Africa. The waters in the North Atlantic Ocean are typically at their warmest while the Sahara is at its hottest from July through October, so the chances of a hurricane are highest during these months.
Hurricanes are gigantic weather systems using convection, the movement of hot and cold air, to create dangerous storms. They are rotating heat engines powered by the warmth of tropical waters having three main parts, the eye, the eyewall, and rainbands. 

Hurricanes cannot form just anywhere in the world due to the need for hot and humid air. They normally form close to the equator and move west or northwest. Hurricane Alley is a stretch of warm water through the Atlantic Ocea…

Charging Cell Phones in Rural Africa

Charging Cell Phones Rural Africa

Charging Cell Phones in Rural Africa

The simple task of charging a cell phone is no simple matter in rural African villages far from an electric grid.
With the advent of tiny rooftop solar panels electricity could be accessible to millions.
African governments are struggling to meet to electric needs of the poorest of the poor living in rural areas. 

Living off-grid may be a lifestyle choice to some and a fact of everyday living to the poorest of the poor. However, tiny rooftop solar panels and high-efficiency LED lights across the African continent could provide enough electricity to charge cell phones. 

Cell phones are vital for people in rural areas with no access to banks in order to send and receive money, access medical care and stay in contact with family and friends.
What does Off-Grid Mean? Off the grid (off-grid) means creating your own self-sufficient environment and being able to operate completely independently of all trad…

Survival of the Fattest, obese Europeans starving Africa

Survival of the Fattest

Rich get richer Survival of the Fattest, obese Europeans starving Africa
Survival of the Fattest is a sculpture of a small starving African man, carrying Lady Justice, a huge obese European woman who is a symbol of the rich world. Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture
5-12-2016

Survival of the Fattest Meaning
The copper statue Survival of the Fattest by Jens Galschiøt and Lars Calmar was created in 2002. The fat woman is holding a pair of scales as a symbol of justice however; she is closing her eyes so the justice. Galschiot symbolized the woman as being blind, refusing to see the obvious injustice.
For the rich people of the world the main issue in life is that of overeating while people in the third world are dying every day from hunger. 
The misery of imbalanced wealth distribution is creating floods of refugees. However the rich only want to preserve their privileges and take measures so harsh against the poor, they betray their morals …



African proverb friendship quote to live by

<br><br>African proverb friendship quote to live by
Peace and love to your mind body and soul today