Africa's Mount Kilimanjaro
Read about Mount Kilimanjaro and test your mountain facts.
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in northeastern Tanzania Africa.
Africa's Mount Kilimanjaro.
Some of the largest volcanoes in Africa and the Rift Valley are Mount Kilimanjaro located in Tanzania, this is a dormant volcano and Mount Kenya has never erupted. Kilimanjaro is the fourth most topographically prominent peak on Earth. It is part of Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination.
A network of rivers drains Kilimanjaro and streams, especially on the wetter and more heavily eroded southern side and especially above 1,200 meters or 3,900 feet. Below that altitude, increased evaporation and human water usage reduces the water flows. The Lumi and Pangani rivers drain Kilimanjaro on the eastern and southern sides.
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in northeastern Tanzania Africa. The mountain and its surrounding forests were designated a game reserve in the early part of the 20th century. In 1973, Mount Kilimanjaro National Park was established to protect the mountain above the tree line as well as the six forest corridors that extend downslope through the montane forest belt. The park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.
More Mount Kilimanjaro mountain facts.
1. Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano that is comprised of three volcanic cones, Shira, Kibo and Mawenzi.
2. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa, the highest freestanding mountain in the world and one of the Seven Summits.
3. An average climber can climb Mount Kilimanjaro in 15 days.
4. Mount Kilimanjaro is the most challenging mountain to climb in the world because from top to bottom, Kilimanjaro temperature ranges from 90 degree F to -10 degrees F.
5. Mount Kilimanjaro is completely located in Tanzania.
6. The first person to climb the mountain in a wheelchair is South African Bernard Goosen. He did it twice; first in 2003 and it took him nine days and the second time in 2007 when it took him only six days.
7. Kibo, is the highest point on the mountain and is a dormant volcano.
8. Climbers can climb the mountain by following one of the six established routes. Marangu Route is considered to be the most popular one.
9. Each year, almost 10 people die trying to climb the mountain.
10. Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim.
The Kilimanjaro region has some of the richest soil in Tanzania mixed with many types of organic matter which retains water and provides the nutrients needed by farmers.