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Africa’s top 20 most important Agriculture Products

What Three Products are Important to Africa
Africa’s top 20 most important agricultural products are in order, Livestock, Maize, Cassava, Cotton, Coffee, Rice, Peanuts, Bananas, Sorghum, Fish, Sugarcane, Cocoa, Millet, Non-root Vegetables, Beans, Palm Kernels and Oil, Timber, Wheat, Sweet Potatoes, and Tea Leaves.


In Africa, most of whose people are farmers, agriculture provides 60 – 80 percent of all employment

African Agriculture Products
Number of 
African Countries 
Dependent
Livestock
41
Corn (Maize)
35
Cassava
28
Cotton
27
Coffee
25
23
Peanuts
21
Bananas
20
Sorghum
19
Fish
17
Sugarcane
16
Cocoa
15
Millet
15
Non-root Vegetables
15
Beans
13
Palm Kernels and Oil
13
Timber
12
Wheat
11
10
Tea Leaves
10

Africans are dependent mostly on agriculture to make a living

African agriculture is complex at best. In Africa, most of whose people are farmers, agriculture provides 60 – 80 percent of all employment, constitutes the backbone of most African economies; in most countries, it is still the largest contributor to the gross domestic product.

Unfortunately, farmers are generally small scale players with no cash seed monies or access to loans necessary to improve agricultural production and begin to generate investable surpluses. Many African countries have no local private sector to speak of in the agricultural areas. In many African countries it is forbidden for a woman to inherit or purchase land. Poor political and economic governance are twin root causes of much of the malaise that afflicts Africa.

Unstable governments create general political and economic uncertainty, an unpredictable environment for business, political unrest and, sometimes, even war that make pursuit of economic growth difficult. Farmers and pastoralists all over Africa are increasingly turning to goats as a means of survival and a way of boosting their incomes.

This presents African governments responsible for animal resources with new opportunities for reaching the poorest farmers in their countries. In 2017, seven of the 20 fastest growing economies in the world were in Africa according to The International Monetary Fund, also known as the Fund.

Although great strides have been made towards poverty reduction in Africa, the region hosts half of the world’s extreme poor. Latest estimates suggest that the share of the African population in extreme poverty declined from 57% in 1990 to 41% in 2013.

The protracted conflict in many African regions has also created the poverty divide. Around 20 countries out of 54 in Africa are categorized as fragile or conflict-affected. The Horn of Africa and the Great Lakes Region have been in conflict for over 20 years.

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