25 Interesting Facts About Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea, 25 Facts
|Teodoro Obiang Nguema|
1. In 1471, Portuguese navigator Fernao do Po sights the island of Fernando Poo, which is now called Bioko.
2. In 1777, Portuguese cedes islands of Annobon and Fernando Poo as well as rights on the mainland coast to Spain, giving it access to a source of slaves.
3. Spanish Guinea, in 1968 was granted independence and becomes the Republic of Equatorial Guinea with Francisco Macias Nguema as president.
4. Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule
5. The country is named for the Guinea region of West Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea and stretches north to the Sahel; the "equatorial" refers to the fact that the country lies just north of the Equator.
6. Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest countries in Africa consisting of a mainland territory and five inhabited islands.
7. The capital of Malabo is located on the island of Bioko, approximately 25 km from the Cameroonian coastline in the Gulf of Guinea however, a new capital of Oyala is being built on the mainland near Djibloho; Malabo is on the island of Bioko.
8. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Sub-Saharan Africa's third largest oil exporter.
9. Equatorial Guinea the wealth is distributed very unevenly and few people have benefited from the oil riches.
10. Location in Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon.
11. Equatorial Guinea is the 146 largest country in the world by Area.
12. Population 759,451 (July 2016 est.)
13. Santa Isabel which last erupted in 1923, is the country's only historically active volcano; Santa Isabel, along with two dormant volcanoes, form Bioko Island in the Gulf of Guinea.
14. Equatorial Guinea population with electricity; 66%, urban areas: 93% and rural areas: 48%.
15. Equatorial Guinea government maintains control of broadcast media with domestic broadcast media limited to 1 state-owned TV station, 1 private TV station owned by the president's eldest son, 1 state-owned radio station, and 1 private radio station owned by the president's eldest son.
16. Languages spoken Spanish (official) 67.6%, other includes French (official), Fang, Bubi 32.4% (1994 census).
17. Equatorial Guinea is one of the smallest and least populated countries in continental Africa and is the only independent African country where Spanish is an official language.
18. Equatorial Guinea official name is Republic of Equatorial Guinea and Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial in Spanish and in French République de Guinée équatoriale.
19. Equatorial Guinea former name is Spanish Guinea.
20. The principal religion in Equatorial Guinea is Roman Catholics 93%, other 5% and 2% Islam.
21. Equatorial Guinea ranked 138 out of 188 countries on the United Nations Human Development Index in 2015
22. Vice-president Teodorin Obiang Nguema is the son of the country's president, Teodoro Obiang Nguema.
23. Teodoro Obiang Nguema, is Africa's longest serving leader, in power since 1979.
24. Switzerland Prosecutors in In November 2016, seized luxury cars belonging to the vice-president Teodorin Obiang Nguema, who they are investigating for corruption.
25. In 1979, Teodoro Obiang Nguema seized power from President Francisco Macias Nguema, who was the leader at independence and whose rule prompted a mass exodus and thousands of deaths. After a Military Tribunal on September 24, 1979 Francisco Macias Nguema was tried and executed by a Moroccan Army firing squad at Black Beach Prison.