Chic African Culture Blog

Did you know?

1. No African country names begin with the letters F, H, I, J, O, P, Q, V, W, X, or Y.

2. Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent.

3. The Republic of the Congo is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa.

African Culture is World Heritage

Appreciate Africa through African art, food, proverb sayings, folklore, biographies, spirituality and African living history.

Numidia African Equestrians

Who were the Numidian Equestrians? 

Numidia was a warrior north African kingdom known for horsemanship. 

Horses were domesticated and ridden in northern Africa thousands of years before the birth of Christ. The Numidian Equestrians were a conquering people skilled at riding horses without saddles, and bridles.

Numidians were a mix of dark skinned Africans and European people from the regions bordering the current day Algeria and Tunisia Sahara desert in Northern Africa. Numidians were famous as Equestrians; their cavalry serving under Hannibal during many battles.

The role of the horse in Numidian society were multifaceted with high prestige and importance. The horse was used for hunting, herding, warfare, transportation, food trade, and as a status symbol. Kings Jugurtha, Masinissa and Juba of Numidia were excellent horseback riders.

Numidia was a warrior north African kingdom of modern Algeria known for horsemanship
Numidia was a warrior north African kingdom of modern Algeria known for horsemanship.

The Numidians derived their name from the fact that they were brown skinned tribes who roamed on horseback winter and summer with their flocks in search of grass lands and green pastures. For a millennia Numidian horses were domesticated and ridden in north Africa.

Numidians race were a blend of Persian and Gaetulian, present-day Arab-Berbers. The Gaetulians were a black indigenous race living to the south along the northern edge of the Sahara desert, while the Persians crossed the straits from Spain where they had been serving in the army of Hercules.

After the conclusion of the First Punic War, the subject states revolted, and the Numidians were believed to have been the chief promoters of the insurrection. The First Punic War fought between 264–241 BC was the first of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage.

The Numidians were divided into tribes like many African nations however, these tribes banded their expert Numidian Equestrians taking center stage in the many civil wars against Julius Caesar. Numidians were experts at throwing the javelin while on horseback, the javelin was their chief weapon in war.

The Numidian horsemen fought bravely during the Jugurthine war between Rome and Numidia. The Jugurthine War was fought between the Roman Republic and King Jugurtha of Numidia. Numidia was an African kingdom on the north African coast, modern Algeria.  

On the death of King  Jugurtha of Numidia, Numidia was made a Roman province by  Julius Caesar, who entrusted the government of it to the Roman historian and politician Sallust, also known as Gaius Sallustius Crispus.

North African horses originated from the coastal region in northern Africa though trade routes, the Berber North African riding horse or the Barb is one of the oldest horse breeds known for stamina, strength, and intelligence. 

Tassili n’Ajjer throughout southeast Algeria in the north African Wilayas provinces of Illizi and Tamanghasset, lies a wealth of rock art depicting the domestic horse and its various uses, providing valuable evidence for the uses from 10,000 BCE to the first centuries of the present era. 

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Africa is surrounded by water but is not an island, here are a few African Island facts.

Madagascar is the 4th large island in the world and is located in the Indian Ocean supporting a unique biology, about 90% of its plants and animals are found nowhere else on earth.

Composed of 155 islands, Seychelles is Africa's smallest country. By far the largest island is Mahe, home to about 90% of the population and the site of its capital city of Victoria.

Cabo Verde has a strategic location 310 miles or 500 km from the west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site.

Africa is surrounded by water but by definition Africa is not an island because Africa is a continent. Continents can not be considered islands because of their size and also by historic definition since many people who study geography define islands and continents as two different things.

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Being African in America I have grown up learning about different ethnic cultures. My father and mother are historians of African culture and history and their influence expanded my activities to several best-selling cookbooks, magazine columns, self-branded products, and a popular African culture and food blog.

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