Chic African Culture Blog

Poverty Breathes Stale Air in Africa

Seven in ten Africans in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Madagascar, and Zimbabwe are considered extremely officially poor living on less than $1.90 per day.

Out of Africa’s 54 countries eighteen African countries, 50% of residents live on less than $1.90 per day and in four African countries 70% of people live on less than $1.90 per day. In October 2015, approximately 10% of the world’s population lived in extreme poverty, the lowest poverty rate in recorded history and a $1.90 at 2011 international prices became the new international poverty line (IPL).

Playing with a swing in Nigeria Africa.

Seven in ten Africans in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Madagascar, and Zimbabwe are considered extremely officially poor.

Poverty is on the rise in several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as in fragile and conflict-affected states. Poverty encompasses a shortfall in income and consumption, but also low educational achievement, poor health and nutritional outcomes, lack of access to basic services, and a hazardous living environment.

Africa now accounts for most of the world’s poor, and unlike most of the rest of the world, the total number of poor there is increasing. Current data and methods do not account for inequality within households in most countries burdened by violent conflict and weak institutions, vulnerability to natural disasters and a lack of success in directing oil and mineral growth into poverty reduction.

When it comes to measuring monetary poverty, the US$1.90 benchmark is used to assess how well people are doing relative to the basic needs in the world’s poorest countries. Almost half the world lives on less than US$5.50 per day with around 25% of this number living on less than US$3.20 per day.

According to the most recent estimates, in 2015, 10% of the world’s population people lived on less than $1.90 a day. In Africa’s low-income countries, the poorest countries nearly 70% of the population of Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Madagascar and Zimbabwe live on less than US$1.90 a day and disproportionately live in rural areas.

African Country Percent living above $1.90 per day
Mauritius 92
Morocco 85
Tunisia 84.5
South Africa 83.4
Botswana 80.7
Uganda 78.5
Tanzania 77.2
Algeria 77
Djibouti 77
Ghana 75.8
Egypt 72.2
Namibia 71.3
Ethiopia 70.4
Cabo Verde 70
Cameroon 70
Mauritania 69
Libya 67
Gabon 65.7
Kenya 63.9
Mali 63.9
Benin 63.8
Angola 63.4
Rwanda 60.9
Seychelles 60.7
Burkina Faso 59.9
Equatorial Guinea 56
Niger 54.6
Mozambique 53.9
Cote d'Ivoire 53.7
Republic of the Congo 53.5
Sudan 53.5
Chad 53.3
Senegal 53.3
Guinea 53
The Gambia 51.6
Eritrea 50
Malawi 49.3
Liberia 45.9
Zambia 45.6
Togo 44.9
Lesotho 43
Central African Republic 38
Democratic Republic of the Congo 37
Eswatini 37
Burundi 35.4
South Sudan 34
Sao Tome and Principe 33.7
Guinea-Bissau 33
Nigeria 30
Sierra Leone 29.8
Madagascar 29.3
Zimbabwe 27.7
Somalia no data

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Being African in America I have grown up learning about different ethnic cultures. My father and mother are historians of African culture and history and their influence expanded my activities to several best-selling cookbooks, magazine columns, self-branded products, and a popular African culture and food blog.

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