Poverty Breathes Stale Air in Africa
Out of Africa’s 54 countries eighteen African countries, 50% of residents live on less than $1.90 per day and in four African countries 70% of people live on less than $1.90 per day. In October 2015, approximately 10% of the world’s population lived in extreme poverty, the lowest poverty rate in recorded history and a $1.90 at 2011 international prices became the new international poverty line (IPL).
Poverty is on the rise in several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as in fragile and conflict-affected states. Poverty encompasses a shortfall in income and consumption, but also low educational achievement, poor health and nutritional outcomes, lack of access to basic services, and a hazardous living environment.
Africa now accounts for most of the world’s poor, and unlike most of the rest of the world, the total number of poor there is increasing. Current data and methods do not account for inequality within households in most countries burdened by violent conflict and weak institutions, vulnerability to natural disasters and a lack of success in directing oil and mineral growth into poverty reduction.
When it comes to measuring monetary poverty, the US$1.90 benchmark is used to assess how well people are doing relative to the basic needs in the world’s poorest countries. Almost half the world lives on less than US$5.50 per day with around 25% of this number living on less than US$3.20 per day.
According to the most recent estimates, in 2015, 10% of the world’s population people lived on less than $1.90 a day. In Africa’s low-income countries, the poorest countries nearly 70% of the population of Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Madagascar and Zimbabwe live on less than US$1.90 a day and disproportionately live in rural areas.
|African Country||Percent living above $1.90 per day|
|Republic of the Congo||53.5|
|Central African Republic||38|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||37|
|Sao Tome and Principe||33.7|
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