Egypt Red Land Deserts, Green Delta Valleys Black Nile Soils
Egypt rests on the African continent in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula. Its capital is Cairo the time difference is 7 hours ahead of Washington, DC.
Egypt Red Land Deserts, Green Delta Valleys Black Nile SoilsTuareg largely reside in the Sahara in a huge region extending from southwestern Libya to southern Algeria, Niger,
Mali and Burkina Faso. Egypt is the third most populous on the African continent.
Egypt was an independent strong kingdom up until 3200 B.C. Rule of the country was taken over by the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn was replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. The Arabs in the 7th century ruled for the next six centuries.
In 1250 the Mamluks took control of Egypt and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882 but continued to work with the Ottoman Empire until 1914. Egypt attained full independence from Britain in 1952.
The Nile Valley is home to the Valley of the Kings, the Pyramids, the Sphinx and temples of Luxor and Karnak. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.
The Nile delta encompasses the richest farmland in Egypt and is located in northern Egypt; at the point the Nile touches the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile delta is densely populated around 50 percent of the Egyptian population lives in the Nile delta.
Besides the Nile Valley, the greater part of Egypt's countryside is harsh desert land. High gusting winds are capable of forming sand dunes more than 100 feet high. Egypt includes parts of the Sahara and Libyan Deserts. These deserts were referred to as the "red land" in ancient Egypt, and they protected the Kingdom of the Pharaohs from western threats.
The Nile Valley was home to one of the oldest cultures in the world, spanning three thousand years of uninterrupted history. Egyptian culture as a whole has 6,000 years of recorded history.
Arabs introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century to Egypt. Egypt is also the third most populous on the African continent and Egypt’s capital city, Cairo, is Africa's largest city and has been renowned for centuries as a center of learning, culture, and commerce.