What is Corn, Maize and the best South African Soup
|South African woman grinding corn into cornmeal for dinner|
What is Corn, Maize and the best South African Soup.
Sweet corn is delicious on its own, but classic South African corn is also a delicious way to serve sweet corn. Corn soup is inexpensive to make but very filling, add a piece of sourdough bread or cornbread and you will have an inexpensive wonderful dinner in no time.
30-minute Mealie African Corn Soup Ingredients and Directions.
African Recipes by African Gourmet.
In this South African vegetarian corn soup recipe, sweet corn is balanced with the spicy flavor of red pepper.
Prep time: Cook time: Total time:
A brief explanation of the difference between corn and maize and the future of farming corn in Africa
The word maize derives from the Spanish form of the indigenous Taíno word for the plant, mahiz. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
Of more than 50,000 edible plant species in the world, only a few hundred contribute significantly to food supplies. Just 15 crop plants provide 90 percent of the world's food energy intake, with three rice, maize, and wheat making up two-thirds. These three are the staples of over 4000 million people.
Farms have been getting bigger and bigger in the developed countries as tens of thousands of small farmers, unable to make a living, have left the land. Most of North America's food is now produced by large-scale, commercial operations.
Climate change, depletion of natural resources and stagnating cereal yields threaten world food security. World demand for maize, rice, and wheat are projected to increase by 33 percent by 2050. However, one-third of farmland is degraded, and agriculture’s share of water is falling. One solution is intercropping.
Corn grows fast and needs lots of water to grow properly. To come to harvest quickly corn requires warm temperatures, rich soil, and even, regular watering. The strain on Africa’s agriculture due to internal conflicts, climate change, and poor infrastructure leaves doubt whether that sweet piece of corn will be on the plate of millions of Africans.
Planting decisions are made principally with an eye toward what the family will need during the coming year and secondarily toward income-producing crops. Subsistence farming on insecure land continues today in large parts of rural Africa. Agricultural productivity in Africa overall has declined sharply in the past 40 years.
Agriculture has always played a fundamental role in the lives of people on the African continent. Whether the food is grown for household consumption or for sale women farmers contribute heavily to Africa’s agriculture. Around the world, there are distinct roles given to women. Traditional agriculture used in Africa for centuries, since around 1500 B.C. African women processed the grain using the same agriculture techniques in 2015.
Millions of female African farmers face a range of problems, including traditional attitudes of the role of women, denied access to owning land and claiming the land of a dead spouse or relative, not understanding their right under the law, access to credit and fruitful farming materials like fertilizers, pesticides, and farming tools. Over 70 percent of the unstable subsistence, farming population lives in the rural areas of Africa.
To many people living in Africa, foods such as wild greens, yams, corn, millet, cassava, teff, rice, sorghum, and groundnuts are indispensable in the diet. Traditional crops such as yam, sorghum, millet, and teff are grown in Africa for centuries. Traditional simple hand tools for threshing, winnowing, and milling are commonly used throughout Africa has changed little in 3,515 years.
Rural African diets are influenced by mainly subsistence farming specific to the geographical region. Africa has enormous potential, not only to feed itself and eliminate hunger and food insecurity but also to be a major player in global food markets.