--> Skip to main content

What is corn, maize and the future of farming in Africa

What is corn, maize and the future of farming in Africa

African Corn Soup recipe and a brief explanation of the difference between corn and maize and the future of farming corn in Africa



South African woman grinding corn into cornmeal for dinner
South African woman grinding corn into cornmeal for dinner


What is corn, maize and the future of farming in Africa




Sweet corn is delicious on its own, but classic South African corn is also a delicious way to serve sweet corn. Corn soup is inexpensive to make but very filling, add a piece of sourdough bread or cornbread and you will have an inexpensive wonderful dinner in no time.



Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



30-minute Mealie African Corn Soup

30-minute Mealie African Corn Soup
African Recipes by

In this South African vegetarian corn soup recipe, sweet corn is balanced with the spicy flavor of red pepper. 



 Prep time: Cook time: Total time:

Ingredients

One 15 ounce can whole kernel corn
One 15 ounce can cream corn
1 can evaporated milk
3 cups chicken stock
One 14 ounce can tomatoes
1 cup chopped onions
1/2 teaspoon salt (optional)
1 teaspoon red pepper flake (optional)
1 teaspoon black pepper


Directions

In a large pot on medium heat, add oil then sauté onions one minute. Drain the can of whole kernel corn then add all ingredients into a large saucepan. Heat soup on medium for about 10 minutes and serve warm with the bread of your choice. 
30-minute Mealie African Corn Soup


Did you know?
Smothered Chicken or Inyama Yenkukhu is another classic South African dish and was one of Nelson Mandela’s favorite chicken dishes.

A brief explanation of the difference between corn and maize and the future of farming corn in Africa


The United States grows over 90 million acres of corn a year, and 99 percent of it is not the kind that humans eat on the cob. That is right, corn is not just corn there are many different types and uses. The kind people eat on the cob is known as sweet corn, and it makes up only one percent of the corn grown in the U.S. each year. Moreover, if you are looking for popcorn, that is a completely different kind of corn, too. The other 99 percent of corn that dominates our American farms is known as field corn used to make food products like cornmeal, corn chips, and corn syrup, but it is primarily grown for animal feed.

The word maize derives from the Spanish form of the indigenous Taíno word for the plant, mahiz. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. High sugar varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for us humans to eat, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed, the other corn-based human food uses include cornmeal or masa, corn oil, and fermentation and distillation into alcoholic beverages like bourbon whiskey. Maize is preferred in formal, scientific, and international usage because it refers specifically to this one grain, unlike corn, which refers only to the sweet corn variety with high sugar content.

Of more than 50,000 edible plant species in the world, only a few hundred contribute significantly to food supplies. Just 15 crop plants provide 90 percent of the world's food energy intake, with three rice, maize, and wheat making up two-thirds. These three are the staples of over 4000 million people.

Farms have been getting bigger and bigger in the developed countries as tens of thousands of small farmers, unable to make a living, have left the land. Most of North America's food is now produced by large-scale, commercial operations. Often they integrate production with food processing, marketing, and distribution in a complete agribusiness system. By contrast, farms in most of the developing world consist of small, family-owned plots, many of which have been cultivated for generations. Small farmers constitute over half the world's rural poor, but they produce about four-fifths of food supplies in developing countries.

Climate change, depletion of natural resources and stagnating cereal yields threaten world food security. World demand for maize, rice, and wheat are projected to increase by 33 percent by 2050. However, one-third of farmland is degraded, and agriculture’s share of water is falling. One solution is intercropping. Intercropping, in which maize and legumes are planted simultaneously in the same or alternating rows. Another approach is relay cropping, where maize and legumes are planted on different dates and grow together for at least a part of their life cycle. When maize and beans are intercropped, their yields are generally lower than those of maize or beans grown in the cultivation of a single crop in a given area.

Corn grows fast and needs lots of water to grow properly. To come to harvest quickly corn requires warm temperatures, rich soil, and even, regular watering. The strain on Africa’s agriculture due to internal conflicts, climate change, and poor infrastructure leaves doubt whether that sweet piece of corn will be on the plate of millions of Africans. African land ownership and grazing rights ownership has been decided by customary laws rather than written ownership through governmental deeds. The land is a political resource throughout Africa lending to the cycle of poverty limiting the Africans resources to owning land in Africa.

Planting decisions are made principally with an eye toward what the family will need during the coming year and secondarily toward income-producing crops. Subsistence farming on insecure land continues today in large parts of rural Africa. Agricultural productivity in Africa overall has declined sharply in the past 40 years. This is a glaring difference from the 1960s when some African regions were major agricultural exporters of crops. Farming is a risky business anywhere in the world, but especially if you are a subsistence farmer in Africa.

Agriculture has always played a fundamental role in the lives of people on the African continent. Whether the food is grown for household consumption or for sale women farmers contribute heavily to Africa’s agriculture. Around the world, there are distinct roles given to women. Traditional agriculture used in Africa for centuries, since around 1500 B.C. African women processed the grain using the same agriculture techniques in 2015. Old-style hand tools and growing methods for agriculture changed little in 3,515 years in Africa. Agricultural productivity in Africa is rising but still lags behind much of the world.

Millions of female African farmers face a range of problems, including traditional attitudes of the role of women, denied access to owning land and claiming the land of a dead spouse or relative, not understanding their right under the law, access to credit and fruitful farming materials like fertilizers, pesticides, and farming tools. Over 70 percent of the unstable subsistence, farming population lives in the rural areas of Africa.

To many people living in Africa, foods such as wild greens, yams, corn, millet, cassava, teff, rice, sorghum, and groundnuts are indispensable in the diet. Traditional crops such as yam, sorghum, millet, and teff are grown in Africa for centuries. Traditional simple hand tools for threshing, winnowing, and milling are commonly used throughout Africa has changed little in 3,515 years. 


Rural African diets are influenced by mainly subsistence farming specific to the geographical region. Africa has enormous potential, not only to feed itself and eliminate hunger and food insecurity but also to be a major player in global food markets.


Getting to Know Africa

Historical African Country Name
Top 20 Largest Countries in Africa
How many countries does Africa have?

Learn more about Africa.

Roots of Africanized Christianity Spiritual Songs
Chocolate Processing Facts History and Recipes
Awesome Kenyan Woman
Land is Not For Women in Sierra Leone
African Kente Cloth Facts
Accra the Ghanaian Capital Ultimate Mall Experience

Chic African Culture and The African Gourmet=

Popular posts from this blog

Survival of the Fattest, obese Europeans starving Africa

Survival of the Fattest

Rich get richer Survival of the Fattest, obese Europeans starving Africa
Survival of the Fattest is a sculpture of a small starving African man, carrying Lady Justice, a huge obese European woman who is a symbol of the rich world. Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture
5-12-2016

Survival of the Fattest Meaning
The copper statue Survival of the Fattest by Jens Galschiøt and Lars Calmar was created in 2002. The fat woman is holding a pair of scales as a symbol of justice however; she is closing her eyes so the justice. Galschiot symbolized the woman as being blind, refusing to see the obvious injustice.
For the rich people of the world the main issue in life is that of overeating while people in the third world are dying every day from hunger. 
The misery of imbalanced wealth distribution is creating floods of refugees. However the rich only want to preserve their privileges and take measures so harsh against the poor, they betray their morals …

South African Beef Curry Recipe

Perfect South African Apricot Beef Curry RecipeSouth African beef curry recipe is a South African food recipe to share around the world while learning about South Africa rainbow nation food history and favorite recipes of Black African, Colored mixed race ancestry, White, and Indian.

South African Beef Curry RecipeWhen it comes to quick and satisfying slow cooker crockpot meals South African Apricot Beef Curry recipe is at the top of the African food dinner recipe list. Use your slow cooker for this simple South African Apricot Beef Curry recipe, it is full of apricot jam, spices and tender beef to serve with rice and grilled bread. How to Make Perfect South African Apricot Beef Curry Recipe
Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture By Chic African Culture
African food recipe

South Africa food is one of the most diverse on the African continent. South African apricot beef curry is an easy delicious slow cooker dinner recipe to make on a weeknight.
South African Apricot Bee…

Charging Cell Phones in Rural Africa

Charging Cell Phones Rural Africa

Charging Cell Phones in Rural Africa

The simple task of charging a cell phone is no simple matter in rural African villages far from an electric grid.
With the advent of tiny rooftop solar panels electricity could be accessible to millions.
African governments are struggling to meet to electric needs of the poorest of the poor living in rural areas. 

Living off-grid may be a lifestyle choice to some and a fact of everyday living to the poorest of the poor. However, tiny rooftop solar panels and high-efficiency LED lights across the African continent could provide enough electricity to charge cell phones. 

Cell phones are vital for people in rural areas with no access to banks in order to send and receive money, access medical care and stay in contact with family and friends.
What does Off-Grid Mean? Off the grid (off-grid) means creating your own self-sufficient environment and being able to operate completely independently of all trad…
Peace, Love and Happiness to You Today