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Africa is home to more unknown history than known. A map of Africa does not begin to show the vastness of people, culture, food, living and ancient history. Established 2008 Chic African Culture and The African Gourmet are learning tools to meet the demand for better education about the entire continent of Africa.


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Monday, April 23, 2018

Niger Africa

Niger is slightly less than twice the size of Texas


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Niger is a Northerly Western African landlocked country that is one of the hottest countries in the world. Niger Northern four-fifths is completely desert, the southern one-fifth is savanna used for livestock and agriculture.

Niger woman
Niger woman

The United Nations ranked Niger as the second least developed country in the world in 2016 because of food insecurity, lack of industry, high population growth, a weak educational sector, and few prospects for employment besides artisanal mining and  subsistence farming and herding.  The majority of the population in Niger is located in the southernmost extreme of the country along the border with Nigeria and Benin.

The US has a significant military presence in Niger to combat militants. Niger has become noted as a major transit route for migrants heading to Europe. Niger’s desert trade route town Agadez became a hub for West African and other sub-Saharan migrants crossing the Sahara to North Africa and sometimes onward to Europe. Niger is facing increased security concerns on its borders from various external threats including insecurity in Libya, spillover from the conflict in Mali, and violent extremism in northeastern Nigeria.

Niger has the highest total fertility rate of any country in the world, averaging close to seven children per woman in 2016. For more than half a century, Niger's lack of economic development has led to steady net outmigration. In the 1960s, Nigeriens mainly migrated to coastal West African countries to work on a seasonal basis. Some headed to Libya and Algeria in the 1970s to work in the booming oil industry until its decline in the 1980s. Since the 1990s, the principal destinations for Nigerien labor migrants have been West African countries, especially Burkina Faso and Cote d’Ivoire.

Niger has some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Niger has two significant uranium mines providing nearly 8 percent of world mining production from Africa highest-grade uranium ores. The main use of uranium in the private citizen sector is to fuel nuclear power plants. Uranium metal is very dense and heavy and is used by the military as shielding to protect Army tanks and in bullets and missiles.

A brief look at Niger’s terrorist groups from the US State Department

Boko Haram

Objective is to establish an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph, a person considered a political-religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire ummah across Africa. They violently oppose any political or social activity associated with Western society, including voting, attending secular schools, and wearing Western dress. Boko Haram conducts kidnappings, bombings, and assaults; responsible for displacing thousands of people and contributing to insecurity.

al-Qa'ida-affiliated Jama'at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM)

Goal is to establish an Islamic state centered in Mali and is primarily based in northern and central Mali; targets Western and local interests in West Africa and Sahel; has claimed responsibility for attacks in Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso. JNIM pledged allegiance to al-Qa'ida and AQIM, holds Western hostages, and wages attacks against security and peacekeeping forces in Mali.

al-Mulathamun Battalion

Aim is to replace several African governments, including Niger's government, with an Islamic state conducting attacks against Nigerien military and security personnel; targets Westerners for kidnappings for ransom.

Islamic State of Iraq and ash-sham networks in the Greater Sahara (ISGS)

Occupying the northeast corner of the African continent, Egypt is filled with deep history of Africa. Egypt has a desert climate with hot, dry summers and moderate winters. It is located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula. The English name Egypt derives from the ancient Greek name for the country Aigyptos, the Arabic name Misr can be traced to the ancient Akkadian misru meaning border or frontier.

Islamic State of Iraq and ash-sham networks in the Greater Sahara (ISGS)

Objective is to replace regional governments with an Islamic state mostly concentrated along the Mali-Niger border region; targets primarily security forces.

Did you know?
Niger is named for the Niger River that passes through the southwest of the country; from a native term Ni Gir meaning River Gir.

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