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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

35 Lesotho facts, Lesotho geography and Lesotho people

Prince Harry made a visit in 2004 to Africa’s Lesotho (le-soo-too) that changed his life.



Lesotho Mountains in the sky; 35 facts about The Kingdom of Lesotho.



The 'Palace Coup' of August 1994 when King Letsie III suspended the constitution and created an interim government.
The Kingdom of Lesotho Visit to Fihliwe's Village
1. Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966.

2. Lesotho’s name translates as "Land of the Sesotho speakers".

3. Landlocked Lesotho is located in Southern Africa and is completely surrounded by South Africa.

4. Lesotho is the 142 largest country in the world; around the same size as Maryland.

5. The present boundaries of Lesotho follow in part a series of rivers, the Tele, the Senqu, the Makhaleng and the Mohokare.

6. Zulu King, Shaka, whose attacks on neighboring clans in South Africa caused ripple effects which were felt in Lesotho.

7. Legal system is a mixed legal system of English common law and Roman-Dutch law; judicial review of legislative acts in High Court and Court of Appeal.

8. The 'Palace Coup' of August 1994 when King Letsie III suspended the constitution and created an interim government.

The Basotho hat is known as “mokorotlo”, along with the Basotho blanket is part of the traditional dress of Lesotho.
Lesotho national symbol is a
 mokorotio, Basotho hat. 
9. The monarchy is hereditary but under the terms of the constitution that came into effect after the March 1993 election, the monarch is a "living symbol of national unity" with no executive or legislative powers.

10. Under traditional law, the college of chiefs has the power to depose the monarch, to determine next in line of succession, or to serve as regent in the event that a successor is not of mature age.

11. Independence Day is October 4, 1966 from the United Kingdom.

12. Lesotho national symbol is a mokorotio, Basotho hat.

13. The Basotho hat is known as “mokorotlo”, along with the Basotho blanket is part of the traditional dress of Lesotho.

14. The two best-known male dance-songs exclusive to the Sotho are the mokorotlo and the mohobelo.

15. National colors are blue, white, green, and black.

16. National anthem: name: "Lesotho fatse la bo ntat'a rona", Lesotho, Land of Our Fathers.

17. Lesotho capital is Maseru.

18. Lowest point junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m.

19. Highest point is the Thabana Ntlenyana plateau standing at 3,482 m.

20. The plateau Thaba Bosiu overlooks iconic Mount Qiloane, an enduring symbol of the nation’s Basotho people.

21. Lesotho is mountainous; more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level.

Electricity access in Lesotho in urban areas is 43% and rural areas 8%; total population with electricity is 17%.
Lesotho is mountainous
22. Electricity access in Lesotho in urban areas is 43% and rural areas 8%; total population with electricity is 17%.

23. Lesotho nationality is Mosotho, singular and Basotho, plural.

24. King Moshoeshoe I (1786 - 1870), is the founder of the Basotho Nation.

25. The emergence of Basotho as a nation occurred around 1818 when King Moshoeshoe formed alliances with an amalgam of clans and chiefdoms of southern Sotho people who occupied the area which is presently the Northern and Eastern Free State and Western Lesotho from about 1400 AD.

26. Ethnic groups are Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%.

27. Languages spoken in Lesotho are Sesotho and English, the official. Other languages are Zulu and Xhosa.

28. Religions are Christian 80% and indigenous beliefs 20%.

29. Lesotho median age is 24 years.

30. In Lesotho, more than half of its population lives below the property line.
Princes Harry and Seeiso Mamohato Children’s Centre provides basic education, life skills, emotional and psychological support to children living with HIV.


31. The HIV/AIDS rate in Lesotho is the second highest in the world.

32. Prince Harry first visited Lesotho in 2004.

33. Princes Harry and Seeiso Mamohato Children’s Centre provides basic education, life skills, emotional and psychological support to children living with HIV.

34. Lesotho has one of the highest adult literacy rates in Africa.


35. Lesotho’s small population of immigrants is increasingly composed of Taiwanese and Chinese migrants who are involved in the textile industry and small retail businesses.

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