Ethnically, culturally, socially, economically and geographically, the Sudan is as diverse as all of Africa.
|Mother and child in Khartoum which is the capital|
and second largest city of Sudan and Khartoum state.
Sudan, once the largest and one of the most geographically diverse states in Africa, split into two countries in July 2011 after the people of the south voted for independence.
Ethnicity is difficult to trace outright in the modern Sudan due to generations of intermarriage between various indigenous and immigrant groups. Sudanese tribes can however loosely be categorized in eight main groups: 39% claims an Arab descent, 30% are of African origin, 12% are Bejja, and 15% are Nubian and 4% other. As for languages, 51% of the population speaks Arabic and 49% speak other languages and dialects.
|Onions for sale at the bus station in Dongola, Sudan.|
Sudan’s most important neighbor has always been Egypt, the northern Nile River areas of the Sudan are entwined with the lands to the north. Ever since the dawn of civilization, starting with the Egyptian conquest of the northern parts of the Sudan during the Middle Kingdom in 2000 BC, the paths of the two countries have been closely linked. In fact, there are more pyramids in one small section of the northern Sudanese desert than there are in the whole of Egypt.
Sudan in Pictures
|Children in Khartoum, Sudan.|
|Returnee boys of Khartoum state.|
A whirling dervish at the Sufi ceremony in Omdurman, Sudan.
|Boys playing soccer in Khartoum Sudan.|
|Herders at the camel market on the far west side of Omdurman, Sudan. |
|The 100 tomb pyramids at Begrawiya which was abandoned in the fourth century AD when trade routes shifted from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea.|