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Find your true life work in Africa. Africa is home to more unknown history than known. A map of Africa does not begin to show the vastness of people, culture, food, living and ancient history of the African continent. Established 2008 Chic African Culture is a learning tool to meet the demand for better education about the entire continent of Africa.

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Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Sudan People and History

Sudan People and History Profile

People of Sudan are proud of an ancient African history rich in culture and tradition.




Article Topics
Sudan religion, Sudan people, Sudan facts


Ethnically, culturally, socially, economically and geographically, the Sudan is as diverse as all of Africa.


Mother and child in Khartoum which is the capital and second largest city of Sudan and Khartoum state.
Mother and child in Khartoum which is the capital
 and second largest city of Sudan and Khartoum state.
Sudan was once the largest and one of the most diverse African states historically split into two countries in July 2011 after the people of South south voted for independence.


Ethnicity is difficult to trace outright in the modern Sudan due to generations of intermarriage between various indigenous and immigrant groups. Sudanese tribes can however loosely be categorized in eight main groups: 39% claim an Arab descent, 30% are of African origin, 12% are Bejja, and 15% are Nubian and 4% other. 


As for languages, 51% of the population speaks Arabic and 49% speak other languages and dialects. Sudan’s most important neighbor has always been Egypt, the northern Nile River areas of the Sudan are entwined with the lands to the north. 


Ever since the dawn of civilization, starting with the Egyptian conquest of the northern parts of the Sudan during the Middle Kingdom in 2000 BC, the paths of the two countries have been closely linked. In fact, there are more pyramids in one small section of the northern Sudanese desert than there are in the whole of Egypt. 



Sudan was once Africa’s Largest Country


Sudan has suffered three civil wars between North and South. Sudan was entangled in two lengthy civil wars from 1955 to 1972 and 1983 until 2005. The ongoing civil war began in 2013. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese.


The first civil war ended in 1972 but another broke out in 1983. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement, signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on July 9, 2011.



Sudan and South Sudan have yet to fully implement security and economic agreements signed in September 2012. In 2016, a United Nations (UN) commission on human rights says a process of ethnic cleansing is underway in several parts of the country, a claim that President Salva Kiir denies. In 2017, the number of refugees fleeing violence in South Sudan to Uganda passes the one million mark, according to the UN.

Onions for sale at the bus station in Dongola, Sudan.
Onions for sale at the bus station in Dongola, Sudan.


Sudan in Pictures


Children in Khartoum, Sudan.
Children in Khartoum, Sudan.


Returnee boys of Khartoum state.
Returnee boys of Khartoum state.

















A whirling dervish at the Sufi ceremony in Omdurman, Sudan.

A whirling dervish at the Sufi ceremony in Omdurman, Sudan.

Boys playing soccer in Khartoum Sudan.
Boys playing soccer in Khartoum Sudan.

Herders at the camel market on the far west side of Omdurman, Sudan.
Herders at the camel market on the far west side of Omdurman, Sudan. 



The 100 tomb pyramids at Begrawiya which was abandoned in the fourth century AD when trade routes shifted from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea.
The 100 tomb pyramids at Begrawiya which was abandoned in the fourth century AD  when trade routes shifted from the Mediterranean to the Red Sea.


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