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Established 2008 Chic African Culture teaches the history of African-food recipes and African-cultures, art, music, and oral literature.

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The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Friday, July 31, 2015

Africa Hunting Safari Tourism | Around 600 Lions Killed Each Year

Cecil the lion, hunting the African Big 5. Tourist hunters kill around 105,000 animals per year in Africa. The question remains if hunting safari tourism generates income for Africa or does it pay for itself.


Cecil the lion, hunting the African Big 5.
Cecil the lion, hunting the African Big 5.
Palmer allegedly lured Cecil out of Hwange National Park which is a protective reserve in Zimbabwe; shot Cecil the lion with a bow, tracked Cecil the lion for 20-40 hours, killed him then skinned and beheaded the 13 year old lion pride master, Cecil. The lion was collared and part of a study, after the kill the tracking collar was destroyed. Palmer allegedly paid $50,000 to hunt the lion with a crossbow near Hwange National Park in western Zimbabwe.

Eleven countries in Africa allow big game hunting in the wild
·        Benin
·        Botswana
·        Burkina Faso
·        Cameroon
·        Central African Republic
·        Ethiopia
·        Namibia
·        South Africa
·        Tanzania
·        Zambia
·        Zimbabwe

According to Wildlife Extra, around 18,500 tourist hunters go big game hunting in Africa every year. Hunts are organized by approximately 1,300 organizations that employ around 3,400 guides and 15,000 local staff. On average, a hunting safari organization will only have an average of 14.5 hunt clients per year and each guide will only take 5.5 hunters out annually. The question remains if hunting safari tourism generates income for Africa or does it pay for itself.



“Big Five” mammals are the elephant, lion, leopard, water buffalo, and rhino. According to Wildlife Extra Tourist hunters kill around 105,000 animals per year, including around 640 elephants, 3,800 buffalo, 600 lions and 800 leopards. Such quantities are not necessarily reasonable. It can be noted for example, that killing 600 lions out of a total population of around 25,000 which is 2.4%of the population is not sustainable. A hunting trip usually lasts from one to three weeks, during which time each hunter kills an average of two to ten animals, depending on the country. 

Zimbabwe started extradition proceedings and hopes the U.S. will cooperate, said Oppah Muchinguri, the African nation's environment minister. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are also investigating the circumstances of Cecil the lion's death.

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When the World is Against You African Proverbs

African proverbs to help remember that a happy life is up to you; and even when trouble comes your way, what is important is not the problem, but how you respond. 






Happy life

African proverbs help to understand life, even when you don't

Don't expect the same results from the things that look alike.
A stranger cannot know the secret paths of the village.
Around a flowering tree are many insects
Tomorrow is pregnant and no one knows what she will give birth to.
A fool is a wise man's ladder.
The frog enjoys himself in water but not in hot water.
Although the grass looks even, there are paths in between.
A clear conscience is more valuable than wealth.


Happy life

African proverbs for the soul, just remember

When you think the world is against you, a positive response is a sign of courage; you can go the distance in a bumpy life with unity, strength and wisdom. Trouble doesn't last always.


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Thursday, July 30, 2015

Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Proverbs

Chinua Achebe, was christened at birth Albert Chinualumogu Achebe in an Igbo village in the African country of Nigeria. Things Fall Apart is written in proverbs intertwined between two tragic stories. 


Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Proverbs
Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart Proverbs
The Igbo are the second largest group of people in Igboland Nigeria living mainly in southeastern area of the country. 

Proverbs are important to people of Africa and the world. African proverbs communicate timeless wisdom and insight about truth and sincerity, kindness and wickedness and wisdom and foolishness. 



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Seven Natural Wonders of Africa

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa

Africa Natural Wonders
The seven Natural Wonders of Africa are Mount Kilimanjaro, The Red Sea Reef, Okavango Delta, Sahara Desert, The Nile River, Serengeti Migration and Ngorongoro Crater. Three of the seven natural wonders of Africa are in Tanzania.
Kilimanjaro Female malachite sunbird

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Three of the seven natural wonders of Africa are in Tanzania. The New Seven Natural Wonders of Africa were announced in Arusha, Tanzania February 2013.

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa
Lioness roars in Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania 
Votes were cast from around the world for the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa by photographers, conservation experts, museums, authors, researchers, environmentalists, travel tourism experts, and government, NGO's and private specialists. 

The President and the founder of the Texas US based not for profit New Seven Wonders is Dr. Philip Imler. According to Natural Wonders Website, votes were based on statistical and traditional significance along with uniqueness and pure splendor.

Seven Natural Wonders of Africa




Serengeti Plains

The Serengeti Plains great migration
The Serengeti Plains great migration
The Serengeti Plains is home to the largest land migration in the world. Tanzania and Kenya Serengeti Migration received the most votes making it the most recognized wonder of nature. It is the longest and largest overland migration in the world.


Red Sea Reef

The Red Sea Reef of Egypt and Sudan are over 5,000 years old, extending along 1,240 miles of shoreline. The reefs of the Red Sea are some of the most understudied of those found anywhere on Earth. The Red Sea is the world's northernmost tropical sea; ancient Egyptians conducted the earliest known exploration of the Red Sea, as they attempted to establish commercial routes to Punt. Reef systems are better developed along the Red Sea mainly because of its greater depths and an efficient water circulation pattern. 

The Red Sea water mass-exchanges its water with the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean via the Gulf of Aden. The Red Sea was formed by the Arabian Peninsula being split from the Horn of Africa by movement of the Red Sea Rift. This split started in the Eocene and accelerated during the Oligocene. The rich diversity is in part due to the 2,000 km (1,240 mi) of coral reef extending along its coastline; these fringing reefs are 5000–7000 years old and are largely formed of stony corpora and Porites corals. The reefs form platforms and sometimes lagoons along the coast and occasional other features such as cylinders such as the Blue Hole Red Sea at Dahab. These coastal reefs are also visited by pelagic species of Red Sea fish, including some of the 44 species of shark.


Nile River

Nile River the grandfather of all African rivers is the longest river in the world flowing into more than 10 countries in Africa. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. Egypt is one of the oldest agricultural civilizations; the River Nile allowed a sedentary agricultural society to develop thousands of years ago. 

More than 90 percent of Egypt is desert; it has only one main source of water supply, the Nile River. Egyptian agriculture is almost entirely dependent on irrigation. The shortage of Nile waters is a major factor due to Egypt’s agriculture uses around 85 percent of the freshwater resources. Growing water demand, driven by population growth and foreign land and water acquisitions, are straining the Nile’s natural limits.


Murchison Falls, Nile River, Uganda

Sahara Desert

The Sahara Desert encompassing nearly 10 counties high gusting winds are capable of forming sand dunes more than 100 feet high. The world’s largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world, the Sahara is one of the most unforgiving locations on the planet, covering 8.5 million square kilometers or 3.3 million square miles, about the size of the South American country of Brazil. 

The Sahara makes up 25 percent of the continent of Africa. However, the Sahara is by no means an empty wasteland, desert dwellers work, love and dream on the Sahara’s sand and gravel for a thousand years living with hurricane-force sandstorms and annual rainfall that averages less than an inch a year. The average daytime temperatures can top 130 degrees, by night; however, temperatures can drop to the 40 degrees and plummet below freezing in the mountain areas.


Okavango Delta

The around 68,000 sq km or 17 million acre Okavango Delta marshlands and plains are home to some of the world’s most endangered species of large animals, such as lions and cheetahs, white and black rhinoceros, and the endangered African wild dog. The Okavango swamps form the world's largest inland delta. Mekoro are dug-outs made of the trunks and large roots of the sausage trees. These canoes have been used for thousands of years as transportation in the Okavango River delta in Botswana.


The Ngorongoro Crater

Ngorongoro Crater is a natural wonder due to the great variety of Wildlife. Ngorongoro Crater is referred to as Africa's Garden of Eden. The 2009 Ngorogoro Wildlife Conservation Act placed new restrictions on human settlement and subsistence farming in the Crater, displacing Maasai pastoralists, most of whom had been relocated to Ngorongoro from their ancestral lands to the north when the British colonial government established Serengeti National Park in 1959. 

Ngorongoro crater is the largest unbroken caldera in the world. The crater, together with the Olmoti and Empakaai craters are part of the eastern Rift Valley, whose volcanism dates back to the late Mesozoic / early Tertiary periods and is famous for its geology. The property also includes Laetoli and Olduvai Gorge, which contain an important paleontological record related to human evolution.

Mount Kilimanjaro


Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest Mountain
The roof of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest Mountain. 
The roof of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest Mountain. Nearly every climber who has summited Uhuru Peak, the highest summit on Kibo’s crater rim, has recorded his or her thoughts about the accomplishment in a book stored in a wooden box at the top. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the continent. It towers over 19,300 feet, which is so tall that glaciers can be found at its summit even though the mountain is near the equator.



Mount Kilimanjaro

Other Seven Natural Wonders lists


World Heritage site Victoria Falls in Zambia Africa is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World but, it did not make the list for the New Seven Natural Wonders of Africa.

The seven ancient wonders are The Great Pyramid of Giza, which can still be seen today; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon; the Statue of Zeus at Olympia; the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus; the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus; the Colossus of Rhodes; and the Lighthouse of Alexandria.

World Heritage site Victoria Falls in Zambia Africa
Victoria Falls
The Seven Wonders of the Modern World are the Channel Tunnel, CN Tower, Empire State Building, Golden Gate Bridge, Itaipu Dam, Netherlands North Sea Protection Works and the Panama Canal. All Seven Wonders of the Modern World are manmade structures.

On September 7, 2007 the official New Seven Wonders of the World were announced, after more than 100 million votes were cast worldwide, they are the Great Wall of China, Petra, Chichén Itzá, the Statue of Christ Redeemer, the Colosseum, Machu Picchu and the Taj Mahal. The Seven Natural Wonders of the world are the Aurora Borealis, the Harbor of Rio de Janeiro, the Grand Canyon, the Great Barrier Reef, Mount Everest, Paricutin and Victoria Falls.




Did you know?
There are numerous Seven Natural Wonders lists; any list of the Seven Wonders of the World is subjective, based on the individual or group of individuals who developed the list. The mission of Seven Natural Wonders of Africa is to promote and protect the natural wonders of Africa.

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Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Playing Baseball in Africa

Africa Baseball Facts

Africa Baseball Facts


Africa baseball facts begin with playing baseball in Uganda Africa. Lugazi Uganda Little League baseball team is bringing baseball in Africa to the World stage by competing in the 2015 Little League Baseball World Series. The fact that Africa earned a spot on one of baseball's highest stages is no surprise to Africa.



Lugazi Uganda Little League in action playing baseball Africa Baseball Facts
Lugazi Uganda Little League in action 
playing the game they love, baseball


Baseball among Americans more than any other sport is a national pastime; playing baseball in Africa is slowing becoming a Ugandan field of dreams. Competing in Little League baseball’s Middle East and Africa Region in 2012, Uganda became the first African country to travel and compete in the Little League World Series. 


In 2015 Lugazi Uganda Little League team played hard on the baseball field and made it to the World Series again. Lugazi Uganda Little League team won the Europe and Africa Region Championship (MEA), earning a right to compete in the 69th Little League Baseball World Series in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Over 10 days, playing 32 games, the Little League Baseball World Series Cinderella story Lugazi Uganda Little League team will hopefully compete and win the 2015 series.



In 2012, the Ugandan team from Lugazi Little League won the MEA Championship. The team made Little League Baseball World Series history, becoming the first team from Africa to compete in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania. During the 2012 World Series, the team from Uganda won the Jack Losch World Series Team Sportsmanship Award, and finished with one win and two losses. Playing Baseball in Uganda, Africa means a lot of things to a lot of people and to the Lugazi Little League team playing in the Little League Baseball World Series made dreams come true.


Uganda Little League World Series Pitcher Africa Baseball Facts
Uganda Little League World Series Pitcher 2012 

In 2012 The New York Yankees players and Manager Joe Girardi hosted the Ugandan Little League team with a private tour of Yankee Stadium. “I just tried to show them around a little bit and spend some time with them,” Girardi said. “It’s a wonderful story. 


It takes everyone back to your Little League days. To watch what these kids accomplished, talking to their coaches; none of them had ever even seen an airplane before or ever traveled before. For them to accomplish what they have is truly amazing.” Maybe in 2015 the Uganda Little League team will meet A-Rod and celebrate his 40th birthday with him in style. 


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Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Africa Solar Powered Internet Schools

At what point do you give up on a child? Sub-Saharan Africa has made big strides in education over the past two decades. Samsung's Solar Powered Internet Schools Program in Africa provides a technology rich learning and teaching environment, prosperous countries depend on skilled and educated workers.


Samsung Solar Powered Internet School in Kenya, Africa
Samsung Solar Powered Internet School in Kenya, Africa
Sub-Saharan African governments have combined political will with positive action to get girls and boys into school and provide them with a quality education. The benefits of investing in education in the region are evident and the results are tangible. There is still a very long way to go, 30 million of the world's 58 million out-of-school, primary age children live in Sub-Saharan Africa. 

Education is critical for development and helps lay the foundations for social well-being, economic growth and security, gender equality and peace. Prosperous countries depend on skilled and educated workers.
Every child has the right to go to school. Samsung's Internet Schools Program makes use of mobile devices, e-boards, and educational software for K-12 education and the best part of the learning experience is the devices are solar powered.

African Solar Powered Internet Schools
African Solar Powered 
Internet Schools ribbon cutting
Samsung's Solar Powered Internet Schools Program in Africa provides a technology rich learning and teaching environment to K-12 classrooms across five countries in Africa as a pilot program. Samsung's solar powered internet schools are located in South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan. From 2012-2015 Samsung's goal was to reach 2.5 million children by addressing a common resource challenge faced by rural African communities, access to affordable and reliable electricity. Education helps protect workers from exploitation by increasing their opportunities. Education is a powerful tool.


“But still try, for who knows what is possible?” 
-Michael Faraday

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Winter Time in Africa Let's Build a Snowman in Africa

Winter Time in Africa Let's Build a Snowman in Africa

Snowman weather in Africa
Africa has 14 ski resorts since snow falls regularly over parts of Africa. Frosty the snowman would happy in Africa.
Winter Time in Africa

Winter Time in Africa Let's Build a Snowman in Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




It is winter time in Africa. Skiing, snowboarding, and building a snowman in the South African winter months of June, July and August is a common event.


Frosty the snowman would happy in Africa.
Fashionable African Snowman
It is a common misconception that Africa is hot all the time. In the winter months of June, July and August, snowfall is common in towns in South Africa. 

There is a long standing African feud over snow and ice; Sutherland is considered to be the consistently coldest town in South Africa with temperatures going well below freezing throughout the winter. However, Buffelsfontein Farm in Cape Town South Africa holds the official lowest temperature record in the country of 0 °F. This feud is a long standing controversy to South African Sutherland and Buffelsfontein residents. The feud is on the same level as the US feud between Chicago and New York on who makes the best pizza. 

Sutherland is the coldest town in South Africa, with an average yearly temperature of 52°F. Lowest temperature in Sutherland averages 37 °F.  Buffelsfontein is actually a privately owned farm in Cape Town South Africa holding the official lowest temperature record in the country; it is on this farm where the official record for the coldest night ever in South Africa was recorded, a freezing 0°F. 

Buffelsfontein record was recorded on June 18, 1996 and because of this, the weather service officially calls Buffelsfontein the coldest town in Africa. The coldest temperature recorded in Sutherland was 2°F on July 12, 2003.
In the winter months of June, July and August, snowfall is common in in various towns in South Africa.
Walking to school in the South African snow

Averaging the lowest monthly temperatures from the years 2000-2012, the annual average low temperature in Buffelsfontein was 49°F while Sutherland's was 44°F. 

Sutherland is consistently colder; however, Buffelsfontein holds the record for the coldest day. The debate will continue for the claim to fame of the coldest town in Africa however one fact is clear, it does snow in Africa. 

Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. This tiny Kingdom of Lesotho has a ski resort high on the cold African snowcapped mountains. The ski resort, AfriSki has a ski run down a side of a mountain for snow skiing, snowboarding, and other cold weather mountain sports. 

The AfriSki Resort opened in 2002 and is the highest ski resort in Africa. AfriSki is located in the Eastern Free State of Southern Africa. Lesotho is known as the Kingdom in the Sky due to its highlands where many of the villages can be reached only on horseback, by foot or light aircraft. Frosty the snowman travels to Lesotho Africa each year to enjoy the South African winter snow. 
The tiny kingdom of Lesotho has a ski resort high in the cold snowcapped mountains.
Ready to build a snowman


Where else can you ski and make a snowman in Africa? Algeria, Egypt and Namibia have one ski resort, South Africa has three and Morocco has seven ski resorts in the Atlas Mountains; Oukaïmeden, Michlifen, Jbel Hebri, Azrou, Rif Gebirge, Djebel Bou Iblane, and Hoher Atlas. Regular snowfall has created ice-capped peaks on Kenya's Mount Kenya, Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro; Uganda's Rwenzori Mountains and Ethiopia's Semien Mountains. It's not enough to ski but frosty the snowman would still be happy.


Do you know?

The Dean Martin Let it Snow! Song translated the the South African language of Xhosa

Oo, imozulu ngaphandle iloyiko
Kodwa umlilo uyavuya kakhulu
Kwaye ekubeni asinayo indawo yokuya kuyo
Yeka iqhwa, likhe likhephu, livumele iqhwa
Umntu awubonakali iimpawu zokuyeka
Kwaye ndazisa ingqolowa yepoppin '
Izibane zijike ezantsi
Yeka iqhwa, likhe likhephu, livumele iqhwa
Xa ekugqibeleni sibanga ubusuku obuhle
Ndingayithanda njani ukuphuma kwisiqhwithi
Kodwa ukuba undibambelele
Yonke indlela eya ekhaya ndiya kufudumala
Kwaye umlilo uya kufa
Kwaye, ndithandekayo, sisesehla kakuhle
Kodwa ngokude nje undithandayo
Yeka iqhwa, likhephe iqhwa, nekhephu
Xa ekugqibeleni sibanga ubusuku obuhle
Ndingayithanda njani ukuphuma kwisiqhwithi
Kodwa ukuba undibamba kakuhle
Yonke indlela eya ekhaya ndiya kufudumala
Oo umlilo uya kufa ngokukhawuleza
Kwaye, ndithandekayo, sisesehla kakuhle
Kodwa ngokude nje undithandayo
Yeka iqhwa, likhe likhephu, livumele iqhwa

English

Oh, the weather outside is frightful
But the fire is so delightful
And since we've no place to go
Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow
Man it doesn't show signs of stoppin'
And I brought some corn for poppin'
The lights are turned way down low
Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow
When we finally kiss good-night
How I'll hate going out in the storm
But if you really hold me tight
All the way home I'll be warm
And the fire is slowly dying
And, my dear, we're still good-bye-ing
But as long as you love me so
Let it snow, let it snow, and snow
When we finally kiss good-night
How I'll hate going out in the storm
But if you really grab me tight
All the way home I'll be warm
Oh the fire is slowly dying
And, my dear, we're still good-bye-ing
But as long as you love me so
Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow

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Monday, July 27, 2015

WWE Wrestling in Africa

Mbeurkatt is the Wolof word for wrestler, wrestling is a very popular national sport in Senegal. The mighty Senegalese wrestler Tyson Tyson was the innovator of Senegalese bling bling rockstar wrestling from 1995 to 2002.


Senegalese wrestlers fight with bare hands and without any protection however in traditional wrestling there is no punching, kicking or striking. Senegalese wrestling does not traditionally allow striking blows with the hands but since the 1990’s it is standardized with the Lutte Traditionnelle Sans Frappe and Lutte Traditionnelle Avec Frappe for the striking version. Traditional Senegalese wrestling was designed to measure the strength of men and designate the champion of the village. 

Mbeurkatt is the Wolof word for wrestlers
Mbeurkatt is the Wolof
word for wrestler
Senegalese wrestling purists have issues with the Lutte Traditionnelle Avec Frappe striking version and advocate for Senegalese wrestling to return to the more conventional Greco-Roman style wrestling. Today Senegalese wrestling resembles the WWE and MMA rolled into one sport more popular than soccer in Senegal. 

However, Senegalese wrestling has evolved into a widely televised, money making event and its champions have rock star status. Becoming a popular wrestler, king of the arena and making money is why so many young men enter the sport wrestling for hours a day. Sponsors and developers are willing to pay big money to athletes. Mouhamed Ndao alias Tyson Tyson was the star par excellence of Senegalese wrestling from 1995 to 2002. By itself, Tyson Tyson phenomenon is just like Hulk Hogan of the former WWE, he was the most popular fighter in the history of the sport. Early WWE superstar Kamala “The Ugandan Giant” was born and raised in the US State of Mississippi not in Uganda Africa. Promoted as a cannibalistic headhunter from the African jungles, Kamala was one of the most terrifying villains of the WWE during the 80's and 90's, today Kamala who real name is James Harris is living life as a double amputee. 

Senegalese wrestling looks like a simple contest between two big strong men fighting in the sand dressed in loincloths but no wrestler, regardless of his strength or technical abilities will enter the ring without his marabout. The marabout in Muslim Africa is believed to have supernatural power. The wrestling competition has many mystical rituals, which are supposed to instill bravery into the wrestler and fear into his opponent.


Mouhamed Ndao alias Tyson Tyson was the star par excellence of Senegalese wrestling
Mouhamed Ndao alias Tyson Tyson of  Senegalese wrestling
The mystical ritual ceremonies are to ward off bad luck before each fight. Before each confrontation the mbeurkatt engages in "Baccou" of singing prowess to intimidate the opponent and seduce the audience dancing to the rhythm of drums. Songs, also sung by griots and the appointed cherries, was then called "Ndawrabine". Under the watchful eye of three referees, a fight lasts a few minutes up to 45 minutes and can include a few 5 minute breaks. The wrestlers fight with bare hands and without any protection however in traditional lamb there is no striking. The winner is whoever puts his opponent on the ground, whether on his back, butt, stomach, or a combination of hands and knees.  


Did you know...?
The WWE is very popular throughout the world. The WWE Network will be available in the Middle East and North Africa; there is a loyal following in South Africa. 

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Sunday, July 26, 2015

Circus Mama Africa: Snake Man of the African Circus

Tanzania has a long storied history of a thriving Acrobatics culture, December 2013 Circus Mama Africa appeared on Broadway with the show Umlingo under the direction of Winston Ruddle also known as Papa Africa the father of the African Circus. 


Acrobatics is the performance of amazing acts of balance, speed, flexibility, and motor coordination. Tanzania has a long storied history of a thriving Acrobatics culture. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in particular contains countless acrobatics clubs across the city. Dar es Salaam is Tanzania's capital city and the largest city in the East African country. Just like many cities throughout Africa, festivals are important cultural events, most future acrobatics were inspired by acrobats performing in different festivals. Some children also learn the trade while living on the streets performing to make money to survive.
Top photo: Winston Ruddle also known as Papa Africa Middle and bottom photos: Circus Mama Africa Performances
Top photo: Winston Ruddle also known as Papa Africa
Middle and bottom photos: Circus Mama Africa Performances 

Tanzanian Acrobatics are famous throughout the world and music is an integral part of the performance. Baba wa Watoto, Swahili for father of children, dance group performed at the National Museum in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, July 1, 2013 for US First Lady Michelle Obama and Salma Kikwete, along with daughters Malia and Sasha. 

December 2013 Circus Mama Africa appeared on Broadway with the show Umlingo. January 2015 Circus Mama Africa toured again with her show Kayelitsha, a Xhosa name meaning “new home". The real Khayelitsha Township is located in the Western Cape South Africa. Khayelitsha has a storied history beginning as a tent city for people escaping violence growing into a thriving town.

Winston Ruddle also known as Papa Africa the father of the African Circus is a Zimbabwean born German Citizen and Tanzania resident is the founder of Circus Mama Africa. Originally founded in Tanzania, Circus Mama Africa started as an acrobatic school in Kinondoni, Dar es Salaam in 2003, but has since grown to be home to many of Africa’s most notable Acrobatic circus acts including the Snake Man. The Snake Man has the body of a snake and face of a human folding himself into unimaginable positions. The school also trains acrobats, aerialists, contortionists, clowns, and magicians. 

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Friday, July 24, 2015

Mosquirix World's First Malaria Vaccine

GlaxoSmithKline has developed a malaria vaccine. GlaxoSmithKline’s CEO stated: “Today’s scientific opinion represents a further important step towards making available for young children the world's first malaria vaccine.”


Malaria vaccineTarget 6C on the United Nations Millennium Development Goals is to have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.  The multinational pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline malaria vaccine, Mosquirix™ receives positive opinion from European regulators for the prevention of malaria in young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Mosquirix™ RTS,S has been designed to prevent malaria caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. There are four types of human malaria: Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium falciparum. Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum are the most common forms. Plasmodium Falciparum malaria is the most deadly type and the most common in sub-Saharan Africa, where it causes nearly a million deaths a year. 

The ball is now in the World Health's Organization’s court to assess how the world’s first malaria candidate vaccine might be used alongside other tools such as mosquito netting to prevent malaria. Early trials show the drug is effective on in children aged 6 weeks to 17 months; however, until final approval mosquito netting is still the most effective tool against malaria.
Female Anopheles mosquito
Female Anopheles mosquito

What is malaria? Malaria is caused by a one-celled parasite called Plasmodium and female Anopheles mosquitoes can only transmit malaria. The adult females can live up to 7-28 days in nature. Once a mosquito ingests the Plasmodium parasite it undergoes development and an incubation period from 10 to 21 days. The mosquito must have been infected through a previous blood meal from an infected person.  Female mosquitoes take blood in order to carry out egg production. When a mosquito bites an infected person, a small amount of blood is taken in which may contain malaria parasites. About one week later, when the mosquito takes its next blood meal, these parasites mix with the mosquito's saliva and are injected into the person being bitten. Malaria parasites multiply rapidly in the liver and then in red blood cells of the infected person. 

Unfortunately, 90% of all malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and 77% occur in children under five. According to GlaxoSmithKline data from this trial program demonstrate that over the first 18 months following three doses of RTS,S, malaria cases were reduced by almost half in children aged 5-17 months at the time of first vaccination and by 27% in infants aged 6-12 weeks. At study end, four doses of RTS,S reduced malaria cases by 39% over four years of follow-up in children, and by 27% over three years of follow-up in infants. 
Until final approval of the malaria vaccine, mosquito netting is still the most effective tool against malaria.
Until final approval of the malaria vaccine, 
mosquito netting is still the most 
effective tool against malaria. 

GlaxoSmithKline has developed the Plasmodium vivax malaria vaccine; however the Plasmodium falciparum malaria is the most deadly type and the most common in sub-Saharan Africa where it causes nearly a million deaths a year. The company has worked on the Mosquirix™ RTS,S  vaccine for over 30 years and the vaccine will save many lives. By 2050 Africa will house over 1/4 of the world’s population, disease prevention is a priority. About 40% of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo due to the large population size of both countries.

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Chic African Culture Featured Articles

A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning.

A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning.
Be the good

Mental Discovery

The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb

Wise Words


A wise person does not fall down on the same hill twice.