Curiosity is the key to knowledge.

Established 2008 Chic African Culture teaches the history of African-food recipes and African-cultures, art, music, and oral literature.

Popular_Topics

The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Saturday, January 31, 2015

Kids Cinnamon Apple Sweet Porridge Cereal

Porridge is a dish of grains or vegetables cooked in milk or water such as oatmeal, rice or grits. Kids cinnamon apple sweet porridge cereal is an inexpensive and delicious African meal to make. In South Africa, porridge is known as Pap or Mielie, Ugali in Tanzania, Sadza in Zimbabwe, Nsima in Malawi the name changes with region and language, but is usually translated as porridge.

Kids Cinnamon Apple Sweet Porridge Cereal


African Recipes by
Make Kids cinnamon apple sweet porridge to the consistency desired using various types of grains, fruits or vegetables. Throughout Africa the addition to most meals is stiff porridge made from ground cereals, yam or cassava root boiled with water or milk.

Ingredients: 
1 cup apple sauce 
1 cup cooked apples 
1 cup maize meal 
2 cups whole or 2% milk 
1/4 cup sugar or honey or to taste 

Directions:
Add all ingredients into a large pot mix well and simmer 20 minutes. Top with apples and sprinkle with cinnamon serve as a breakfast meal.

Photo by mealmakeovermoms

Share this page

Friday, January 30, 2015

Beware of the naked man who offers you clothes African Proverb

It is easy to talk the talk and give advice African Proverb

African Proverb

It's easy to talk the talk and give advice on love, careers or even recycling on how things should be done. But, the person giving the advice does not act in a way that agrees with the advice they are giving. The proverb implies that a person should back up their talking with action.

A Somali man carries a large sailfish on his head as he transports it to Mogadishu's fish market in the Xamar Weyne district of the Somali capital.

It is easy to talk the talk and give advice


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Beware of the naked man who offers you clothes is a proverb used to call out hypocrites; people who are single but give advice on how to have a happy marriage, a person who is overweight supplying dieting tips, environmentalists who do not recycle, people on social media who want to show you how to become rich when they are poor, and politicians who send their children to private school while making speeches on the virtues of public school.

Beware of the naked man who offers you clothes ~ African Proverb





"Beware of the naked man who offers you clothes" -African Proverb

Share this page

Thursday, January 29, 2015

Classic Bondwe Wild Spinach Vegetable Stew

Amaranthus hybridus common names are Bondwe, Thepe, Vowa, Umfino, slim amaranth, Imbuya, hanekom, Imbuya, Isheke and Amaranth. Amaranth is an ancient food crop, with cultivation dating back as far as 6700 BC. 

Amaranth is native to Central America and Mexico however, cultivation has become popular in many areas of Africa, in particular Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Zambia due to the plants drought resistance.

Amaranth is an important plant to the nutrition of Southern Africa. Cooked Amaranth leaves are eaten as vegetables, soups, stews and relishes. Leaves and young plant stems are cooked as spinach and have a mild flavor and the seeds of the Amaranth plant are ground into flour. Classic Bondwe wild spinach vegetable stew is a mixture of corn meal, amaranth or spinach, cabbage and onions cooked in one pot.

Classic Bondwe Wild Spinach Vegetable Stew


Ingredients:

Classic Bondwe Wild Spinach Vegetable Stew
photo by pinknpay
4 cups washed amaranth leaves (substitute spinach)

2 cups shredded cabbage

1 medium chopped onion

1 teaspoon minced garlic

1 teaspoon salt

4 cups vegetable broth

½ cup maize meal (corn meal)

½ cup white rice


Directions:

Add all ingredients into a large pot and simmer 20 minutes. Serve warm with crusty bread.

Share this page

Tuesday, January 27, 2015

The Ugly Truth About Driving in Africa

The Ugly Truth About Driving in Africa

Driving in Africa
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), with 24.1 fatalities per 100,000 people, Africa has the highest per capita rate of road deaths in the world.

The Ugly Truth About Driving in Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



It's Not Illness You Need To Worry About When In Africa, It's The Traffic, According to WHO African Region, Nigeria and South Africa have the highest fatality rates.


The estimated annual number of traffic related deaths in Africa is around 200,000, a figure that represents 16% of the global traffic deaths. This increase will see road fatalities overtake the number of malaria related deaths. Africa has 2% of the world's vehicles but 16% of road fatalities.

Traffic Jam in Uganda
Traffic Jam in Uganda
With the highest per capita rate of road fatalities in the world, road deaths in sub-Saharan Africa are projected to more than double from some 243,000 deaths projected for 2015 to 514,000 by 2030.  Enforcement of road safety measures is in general weak across the African continent, pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists make up almost half of those killed on the roads. The East Africa Trade and Transport Facilitation Project (EATTFP) of Kenya, Great Lakes region of Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Burundi is an opportunity to improve and develop livability, productively, prosperity addressing the issue of significant transportation challenges in Africa.

Overloaded truck in South Africa photo by dewet
Overloaded truck in South Africa photo by dewet
The East Africa Trade and Transport Facilitation Project will benefit Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Burundi in the stability of the counties through the modernization of transportation infrastructure including roads and the removal of red-tape obstacles to trade. Working with the Ministry of Infrastructure Development, Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure, Ministry of Works and Transport, and Surface and Marine Transport Regulatory Authority, the EATTFP project is co-financed by the African Development fund and the World Bank.

Traffic in Abeokuta the capital of Ogun State in southwest Nigeria  by jbdodane
Traffic in Abeokuta the capital of Ogun State in southwest Nigeria
by jbdodane
Approval Date of the project was January 24, 2006, the closing date September 30, 2015. The Total Project Cost in US dollars is around $281 million. The goal of the project is to promote trade, economic growth, and regional integration of the East African countries and enhance the competitiveness of their economies through the modernization of roads and motorway networks. “The transport sector can play an important role in achieving sustainable development,” says Marc Juhel, Director of the World Bank Transport Division.

According to WHO African Region, Nigeria and South Africa have the highest fatality rates.
WHO African Region Countries
Egypt, Eretria, Libya, Morocco, Somalia,
Sudan and Tunisia are not a part of
the WHO African Region.
“Well-designed transport systems can greatly reduce poverty and promote social inclusion by ensuring access to jobs, goods and services. Clean transport will improve the health of billions of urban residents and provide cost effective ways to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions while supporting the strong economic growth that Africa is currently experiencing.” According to the African Development Bank (AfDB), “Strategies that can be adopted by governments to reduce the number of fatalities and injuries due to road traffic accidents include improved road infrastructure, speed limits, compulsory seat belts and child restraints, drink-driving laws, bans on the use of cellphones while driving and legal requirement for motorcyclists to wear helmets.” 

According to WHO African Region, Nigeria and South Africa have the highest fatality rates. Nigeria reports 33.7 percent of deaths per 100, 000 populations per year and South Africa and 31.9 percent of deaths per 100,000 populations per year. More than one in four deaths in the WHO African Region occurs on Nigeria’s roads. The Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda, are responsible for the average 96.8% of all road deaths in the WHO African Region. Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda combine big populations with very high fatality rates, resulting in large numbers of deaths. These seven countries must reduce their road deaths considerably if the WHO African Region is to realize a significant reduction in deaths.


Share this page

Sunday, January 25, 2015

Ethiopian Proverb | One cannot stop sleeping because of a fear of bad dreams

One cannot stop sleeping because of a fear of bad dreams is an Ethiopian Proverb. Wise sayings in the language of proverbs have been passed down for generations in the Ethiopian culture. Proverbs are an important part of traditional and modern Ethiopian society.



Ethiopian Proverb | One cannot stop sleeping because of a fear of bad dreams
Fear of bad dreams
One cannot stop sleeping because of a fear of bad dreams
-Ethiopian Proverb

Share this page

Saturday, January 24, 2015

Africa's Port of Djibouti 3,500 years of Traveling and Trading by the Sea

The Port of Djibouti is at the crossroads of three continents linking Europe, the Far East, and Africa. The Port of Djibouti is also close to the Arabian oilfields. The African country Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry to create long-term growth and development. Djibouti's location is the main economic asset of a country that with very few natural resources, farmland, sparse rainfall and water supply. The Port of Djibouti much dependent on transit taxes and harbor fees earns the majority of earned capital for Djibouti.


The Port of Djibouti is a major port in Djibouti City, the capital of Djibouti and is located at the southern entrance to the Red Sea. The Port of Djibouti is also at the crossroad of three continents linking Europe, the Far East, and Africa. This major deep-water port located on the Red Sea one of the busiest shipping routes in the world. General cargo, container and gate operations are available 24 hours a day, throughout the year as well as the Port Fire Brigade or Centre de Secours. Also, the Port of Djibouti is home to the United States’ only military base in sub-Saharan Africa.

Port of Djibouti
Saad Omar Guelleh, is the current general manager of the Port of Djibouti and brother of Djibouti's current president Ismaïl OmarGuelleh. DP World managed the port from 2000-2010. Since 2011, the Government of Djibouti manages Djibouti Port and DP World manages the Doraleh Container Terminal (DCT). Djibouti's first modern container terminal began operations in February 1985 on 54 acres.  In 2013 the Doraleh Container Terminal (DCT) containerized cargo traffic handled a total of 743,793 TEUs. The Port of Djibouti (PDSA) handled 50,938 TEUs. TEUs are the standard-size twenty-foot containers.

Djibouti occupies a strategic geographical site at the intersection of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and serves as an important shipping portal for goods coming in and leaving the east African highlands and transshipments between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The Port of Djibouti is also close to the Arabian oilfields.

Djibouti’s 2013 1.456 billion dollar economy according to the World Bank, is dependent on foreign financing, foreign direct investments, foreign countries’ military bases, and port services. Nearly 75% of Djibouti's 872,900 inhabitants live in the capital city Djibouti City. The country has a staggering unemployment rate of nearly 60% and most food must be imported into Djibouti. Djibouti has few natural resources and little industry to create long-term growth and development. Djibouti's location is the main economic asset of a country that is mostly desolate with very few natural resources, farmland, sparse rainfall and water supply.

The Port of Djibouti in Djibouti City

Djibouti Port handles all of Ethiopia’s import and export traffic though the sea since 1998 in a signed agreement. Its transport facilities are used by several landlocked African countries to fly in their goods for re-export. This earns Djibouti much-needed transit taxes and harbor fees.

The Obock Territory (currently Djibouti) became a French colony in 1843. The Port of Djibouti construction began in 1897 and completed in 1888. During this time, Leonce Lagarde, was appointed French colonial governor of Obock Territory, the name given to present-day Djibouti. Lagarde was the French colonial Governor for fifteen years, from 1884 to 1899; Djibouti became the capital of the French colony in 1892 and independent in 1977.

Share this page

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Those who want rain must also accept the mud African Proverb




Adaptability and preparation, you can be ready for anything African Proverb



Most people do not go through their lives expecting one disastrous event to occur after another, and then have it unfold according to a preset script. Life is about adaptability and preparation; Adaptability plays a crucial role in your everyday life. This skill can help shape the course of your future and opportunities. Preparation, being able to assess, to understand, to know, where you are at any given point is a very valuable tool.

"Those who want rain must also accept the mud." Ghanaian Proverb

African Proverbs


African Proverbs

Teach us in everyday life African proverbs inspire with ancient words of wisdom.

Ghanaian African proverbs express the timeless wisdom of African people.



Wise sayings in the language of proverbs have been passed down for generations in African culture. Proverbs are an important part of traditional and modern patrilineal African society.

Share this page

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Capoeira Afro-Brazilian Dancing Fighting Heritage

Capoeira Afro-Brazilian Dancing Fighting Heritage

Capoeira Afro Brazilian ritual dance
Capoeira is a flow of communication between two capoeiristas or players through martial art dance and gymnastics performed to with musical instruments and singing.

Capoeira Afro Brazilian ritual dance

Capoeira Afro-Brazilian Dancing Fighting Heritage


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Capoeira requires great physical strength and flexibility to dance and move on your hands and feet.


Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian ritual dance combat heritage. Capoeira fighters in Africa have cultural heritage of Capoeira in Angola, Morocco, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Mozambique, South Africa, Guinea, and Senegal. Capoeira is indeed practiced throughout the world in Europe, Asia, Africa and South and North America. 
The beauty of capoeira
The word Capoeira maybe of Portuguese or Bantu origin. The reason why the roots of Capoeira are unknown is due to Angolan slaves introducing the sport to Brazil during the slave trade. 

There was no written record of Capoeira in Angola, only in Brazil. Therefore, the origins of Capoeira will remain unknown since oral and not written history is a tradition of many African people. Nevertheless, what is known is that African slaves brought Capoeira to Brazil by way of Portuguese slave traders.

The ginga is a move in capoeira used for attack and defense photo by Frank Lindecke
Capoeira circles are called roda and are formed by capoeiristas and capoeira musical instruments players. The roda is a place where knowledge and skills are learned by teaching and practice. Music is integral to capoeira. It sets the tempo and style of game that is to be played within the roda. 

On November 26, 2014, Capoeira became an intangible cultural heritage of Brazil's humanity according to The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 

The practice now joins Círio de Nazaré, Frevo, the Oral and Graphic Expressions of Wajãpis and Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo Baiano, which are already recognized by UNESCO.

Share this page

Monday, January 19, 2015

The Truth About Walmart in Africa

Shopping day, Walmart and Shoprite stores in Africa.

Shop until you drop in Africa
Shoprite Group is the 94th largest retailer in the world. Walmart acquired a majority stake in Massmart Holdings Ltd. in 2011 and is now located in 12 African countries.
South African Walmart associates
South African Walmart associates

Shopping day, Walmart and Shoprite stores in Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




The good news, Walmart is staking its claim in the growing African market. The bad news, some retailers who rushed into African markets have not had much luck. Woolworths closed its three Nigerian stores in late 2013, while, in 2011, Pick n Pay Stores closed its Mozambique and Mauritius stores a mere two years after opening the doors.



The Shoprite Group of Companies started in 1979 as an affordable retail chain. Today, Wiese is the largest individual shareholder and chairman of retail giants Pepkor, Shoprite and many other companies and is one of Africa’s most successful investors, with a net worth of $3.1 billion on Forbes’ 2012 World’s Billionaires List. 

Shoprite Group is the 94th largest retailer in the world, Shoprite and PEP are the investments most commonly linked to 70 year old South African billionaire Christo Wiese.

Shopping Day in Africa


Shopping day, Walmart and Shoprite stores in Africa. Shoprite Group is the 94th largest retailer in the world. Walmart acquired a majority stake in Massmart Holdings Ltd. in 2011 and is now located in 12 African countries.PEP opened its first store in 1965 in the Northern Cape, South Africa. PEP operates more than 1,800 retail stores in Southern Africa selling clothing, footwear, homeware, cell phones, funeral policies, money transfers, selected bill payments, electricity tokens and a whole lot more. PEP is truly a one-stop-shopping center.

The Shoprite grocery store chain started in 1979 with the purchase of a chain of eight South African Cape town based supermarkets.  In 1983, Shoprite opened its first branch outside the Western Cape in Hartswater in the Northern Cape, South Africa.

There are currently 410 Shoprite grocery stores in South Africa, Mozambique, Swaziland and Lesotho. Shoprite opened their first store in Zambia Lusaka Cairo Road Store on October 26, 1995, Gaborone Botswana in 1998, Namibia Shoprite officially opened its first store in Windhoek in 1990, and November 2000 in Kampala Uganda.
Walmart acquired a majority stake in Massmart Holdings Ltd. in 2011 and is now located in 12 African countries with 356 stores employing over 24,000 people as of January 2014.
Shoprite officially opened its first store in 2003 in Luanda Angola, and Accra Ghana, five stores in and around Antananarivo Madagascar in 2002, Mauritius on November 14, 2002, and Lilongwe, Malawi in August 2001. 

Shoprite first entered Nigeria in December 2005, when they opened a Shoprite store in Lagos Nigeria. On April 19, 2012, Shoprite became the first South African store to enter the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in Gombe, Kinshasa.

Walmart in Africa


Walmart acquired a majority stake in Massmart Holdings Ltd. in 2011 and is now located in 12 African countries with 356 stores employing over 24,000 people as of January 2014.

Walmart acquired a majority stake in Massmart Holdings Ltd. in 2011. Massmart is the second-largest distributor of consumer goods in Africa.Massmart operates in Botswana, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa and Zambia. Massmart operates under the brand names of Game, DionWired, Makro, Kangela, Builders Warehouse, Builders Express, Builders Trade Depot, CBW, and Jumbo Cash and Carry.


Massmart is the second-largest distributor of consumer goods in Africa, the leading retailer of general merchandise, liquor and home improvement equipment and supplies, and the leading wholesaler of basic foods.

Share this page

Sunday, January 18, 2015

In Africa the Poisonous Lab-Lab Bean Plant Is Considered a Traditional Food

The family Leguminosae or bean families of plants are an important family of flowering plants that feed the world. The lab-lab bean is a poisonous plant native to Tropical Africa. In Africa the poisonous lab-lab bean plant is considered a traditional food. The lab-lab bean is a climbing, warm-season plant that can grow up to 3 feet, and the climbing vines stretching up to 25 feet from the plant.


The family Leguminosae or bean families of plants are an important family of flowering plants that feed the world.
The Dolichos lablab plant  photo  by patti haskins
The Dolichos lablab plant is a lesser known member of the bean family and is known by many names; gerenge in Ethiopia, Kikuyu bean in Kenya, gueshrangaig in Egypt, lab-lab bean, and poor man's bean. The lab-lab bean is a climbing, warm-season plant that can grow up to 3 feet, and the climbing vines stretching up to 25 feet from the plant.

The lab-lab bean is a poisonous plant native to Tropical Africa. The seeds contain large amounts of vitamins and minerals, but contain tannins and trypsin inhibitors so the bean must be soaked and cooked before the bean is eaten. The acidity from tannins is what causes your mouth to pucker and trypsin is an enzyme involved in the breakdown of proteins during digestion.

In Africa the lab-lab bean plant is considered a traditional food. The lab-lab bean plant; the leaves and pods are cooked, the flowers are eaten raw or steamed, dried seeds should be boiled in two changes of water before eating since they contain poisonous chemical compounds. The fruit and beans are edible if boiled well with several changes of the water. The seeds can be white, cream, pale brown, dark brown, red, black, or mottled depending on variety.
  

Share this page

Saturday, January 17, 2015

Niger Is The Fourth Ranking Producer Of Uranium In The World

Niger is the fourth-ranking producer of uranium in the world

Niger Uranium Mines
Niger has two significant uranium mines providing nearly 8 percent of world mining production from Africa highest-grade uranium ores.

Uranium Mine

Niger is the fourth-ranking producer of uranium in the world


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Niger is a landlocked nation, whose economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits.



Uranium decays slowlyThe discovery of the element is credited to the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth in Berlin in 1789. Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92. Uranium is regularly found in very small amounts in rocks, soil, water, plants, and animals and humans. In nature, uranium is found as mostly as uranium-238 and uranium-235.

Uranium metal is very dense and heavy therefore Uranium decays slowly with a half-life of about 4.47 billion years for uranium-238 and uranium-235 are 704 million years. The main use of uranium in the private citizen sector is to fuel nuclear power plants. Uranium metal is very dense and heavy and is used by the military as shielding to protect Army tanks, and in bullets and missiles.

Mineral goods produced in Niger include uranium, cement, coal, gold, gypsum, limestone, salt, silver, and tin. Niger is the world's fourth-ranking producer of uranium; Kazakhstan is the leading producer then Canada, Australia, Namibia and Niger. Uranium is mined close to the twin mining towns of Arlit and Akokan. The mines resumed operation at the end of January 2014 under the terms of a government decree.

Niger is a landlocked, Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Niger's first commercial uranium mine began operating in 1971. Uranium was discovered at Azelik in Niger in 1957. Azelik is presently a Uranium Mine in Niger, also known as Teguidda, in 2014 the mine is owned by China National Nuclear Corporation, State of Niger, ZXJoy Investment.

According to Mining-Technology the Imouraren mine is the largest uranium deposit in Africa and world's second-largest uranium deposit. The development of the mine is expected to create 1,800 direct jobs and 3,500 indirect jobs during its estimated production period of 35 years. The mine is expected to start production in 2015.

Did you know?
Making baskets in Niger The United Nations ranked Niger as the second least developed country in the world in 2016 because of food insecurity, lack of industry, high population growth, a weak educational sector, and few prospects for employment besides artisanal mining and  subsistence farming and herding. However, the unemployment rate in Niger is 3 percent in 2015-2016 according to The CIA World Factbook.

Share this page

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

Ireland, Nelson Mandela and Irish Anti-Apartheid: The tangled path history weaves

Turning point in Irish perceptions of Apartheid South Africa was the Sharpeville massacre of 1960

Irish Honorary Freedom
The highest and most prestigious award the City of Dublin can bestow in 1988 was awarded to Nelson Mandela.

Turning point in Irish perceptions of Apartheid South Africa was the Sharpeville massacre of 1960.

Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture



The Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement became, over the years, one of the most successful movement’s social movements against Apartheid.



In 1948 when the South African National Party instated Apartheid, the South African population was now officially categorized as white, black and colored. Racially mixed housing areas were declared illegal and black and colored populations were banished to live in black settlements and needed passes to travel into white-only areas. The Irish took up offers by the South African government for living in white settlements and by the 1960’s, roughly 60,000 Irish in South Africa.
Apartheid South Africa
sign in English and Afrikaans 
According to The Irish Story, “the turning point in Irish perceptions of Apartheid South Africa was the Sharpeville massacre of 1960.” The African National Congress, protesting about the laws of racial segregation during a demonstration innocent protesters was fired on by the police in Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, killing 69 peaceful demonstrators.

The Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement (IAAM) was founded Kader Asmal in 1963 to support the Anti-Apartheid crusade of South Africa for freedom from the South African National Party established Apartheid laws. The IAAM helped organize the Dunne’s Stores Workers march against apartheid in Dublin 1984. Also, protests at the visit of the South African Rugby team to Ireland in 1970. The IAAM became, over the years, one of the most successful movement’s social movements against Apartheid.

Nelson Mandela July 18, 1918-December 5, 2013
Kader Asmal  October 8, 1934-June 22, 2011
In 1983, there was discussion of awarding Nelson Mandela the esteemed Freedom of the City of Dublin which is the highest and most prestigious award the City of Dublin Ireland could bestow on an individual. Some Dublin leaders thought the city might be criticized view it as inappropriate to honor an individual who advocated use of physical force. However, in 1988 the City of Dublin saw this risk outweighed by “Mandela’s stature as a leader of black South Africa, as a focus in the struggle against apartheid, and as an international figure.”

Mandela was awarded the Freedom of the City of Dublin in September 1988, which, due to his incarceration, was accepted on behalf of his then wife Adelaide Tambo. On July 1, 1990, almost two years after the Freedom of the City of Dublin had been awarded to him, Nelson Mandela accepted the honor in person from the then Lord Mayor, Sean Haughey. Lord Mayor Sean Haughey, before the assembled dignitaries, told Mr. Mandela: "The people of Dublin walk taller because you are amongst us".

According to Dublin City, The Freedom of the City of Dublin is the highest and most prestigious award the City can bestow. The founder of the Home Rule Party, Isaac Butt, was the first person to receive the Honorary Freedom of Dublin in 1876.

Freedom of the City of Dublin 
The ancient Freedom of the City was instituted at the time of the Norman Invasion in the late twelfth century. Holders of the Freedom were known as “Free Citizens” and were entitled to significant trading privileges and certain duties. Holders of the ancient Freedom of Dublin received the following rights: · The right to vote in municipal and parliamentary elections. · The right to bring goods into Dublin through the city gates without paying customs duties. · The right to pasture sheep on common ground in the city known as Hoggen Green (now College Green) or St. Stephen’s Green. · The right to marry without obtaining the King’s license. · The right to sell land or to bequeath it to their descendants. · The right to have guilds. · The right to trial by jury. · Exemption from having soldiers billeted in their homes. · Exemption from serving as city coroner or city bailiff


Share this page

Sunday, January 4, 2015

Selling African Albino Body Parts in Africa

Selling African Albino Body Parts in Africa

Albino in Africa
Buhangija Albinism School, 116 children are separated from their families and placed for their own protection due to simply being born with albinism; the selling of albino parts is a lucrative business.
Albinos are killed and dismembered due to a widespread belief that charms made from their body parts bring good fortune and prosperity.

Selling African Albino Body Parts in Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Albinos are killed and dismembered due to a widespread belief that charms made from their body parts bring good fortune and prosperity.



In Tanzania persons with albinism, PWA are facing the daily horror of a rapidly growing industry in the sale of albino body parts.
Tanzanian mother and her albino child
Albinism is genetically inherited resulting in a lack of pigmentation in the hair, skin and eyes. Persons with albinism (PWA) are extremely sensitive to sun exposure and bright light, and some are visually impaired. 

Throughout Africa albinism is much more widespread than the rest of the world. Tanzania has one of the largest populations of people with Albinism in the world with an estimated 170,000. In the heart of Lake Victoria, Ukerewe Island is home to a large community of people with albinism.

In Tanzania PWA are facing the daily horror of a rapidly growing industry in the sale of albino body parts. More than 70 PWA’s have been killed since 2000. In Tanzania, PWA’s are killed and dismembered due to a widespread belief that charms made from their body parts bring good fortune and prosperity. 

There is a great black market demand for the body parts of people with albinism selling for around US$600 according to 3news. On 1-1-15 Police in Tanzania arrested four people over the kidnapping of an albino girl from her home in the Mwanza region of Tanzania; her father is accused of orchestrating the offence.


In the heart of Lake Victoria, Ukerewe Island is home to a large community of people with albinism.
Tanzania's Ukerewe Island
The film “In the Shadow of the Sun” tells the story of two men with albinism pursuing their dreams in the face of prejudice and fear in Tanzania. 

The film follows their lives before and during an outbreak of brutal ritual killings that sweep across the country. Josephat lives in Dar Es Salaam with his wife Sabella and their two children and has spent his life as an albino rights campaigner fighting the discrimination that he comes up against each day. The Tanzanian Albinism Society in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania is an organization also advocating the rights of albinism.

Share this page

Saturday, January 3, 2015

Battling Oil Fraud and Kleptocracy in Equatorial Guinea Africa

Oil Fraud and Kleptocracy Equatorial Guinea Africa

Equatorial Guinea, Africa oil corruption
Kleptocracy is a form of political and government corruption. Equatorial Guinea is a small Spanish speaking in West Africa that despite the country's economic windfall the people are very poor.
African oil well

Battling Oil Fraud and Kleptocracy in Equatorial Guinea Africa


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Kleptocracy is a form of political and government corruption where the government exists to increase the personal wealth and political power of its officials and the ruling class at the expense of the wider population, often with pretense of honest service.



The Capital Port of Malabo, Equatorial Guinea

The Capital Port of Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea is a small Spanish speaking in West Africa that has recently struck oil. Equatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves, and in the last decade has become Africa's third largest oil exporter below the Sahara desert. Despite the country's economic windfall from oil production, resulting in a massive increase in government revenue in recent years, improvements in the population's living standards have been slow to develop, Kleptocracy and corruption are hurting its people.

Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. Between 2000 and 2011, the African country was the world’s fastest-growing economy, with output growth averaging 17 percent. Equatorial Guinea is the eighth-largest crude oil reserve holder in Sub-Saharan Africa, with 1.1 billion barrels of proved reserves as of January 2013.

Despite being among the top five largest oil producers in Sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea does not have any refining capacity. The country consumed 2,500 barrels per day of petroleum in 2012, all of which was imported. The largest foreign investors in Equatorial Guinea are U.S. companies, particularly ExxonMobil, Hess, Marathon, and Noble Energy.


Equatorial Guinea's economy is heavily reliant on its oil and natural gas industry, which accounted for almost 95% of its gross domestic product and 99% of its export earnings in 2011, according to the International Monetary Fund. Emphasis on the oil and natural gas industries has led to the lack of development in non-oil sectors, and its oil fields Zafiro, Ceiba, Okume and Alen are slowing down in output production.

Equatorial Guinea does not participate in The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). EITI is a global coalition of governments, companies and civil society working collectively to improve openness and accountable management of revenues from natural resources. The country did however apply and obtained candidate status in 2008 but did not follow through with the guidelines to become a member EITI country.

Equatorial Guinea exports crude oil to markets in North America, Europe, and Asia. The United States is one of the largest importers of crude oil from the country and received 41,000 barrels per day of crude oil in 2012. However, few people have benefited from the oil and natural gas riches as the country ranks near the bottom of the July 2014 UN human development index (HDI).



Did you know?

Additional Information on Equatorial Guinea economy

Equatorial Guinea grossed $15.57 billion in 2013

Equatorial Guinea gross national income is $21,972.27 per person

Total population in 2013 757,000 people

Equatorial Guinea ranks 144 out of 187 countries on the HDI

Health expenditure 3.95% of GDP

Population living below $2 a day 14%

Share this page

Chic African Culture Featured Articles

A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning.

A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning.
Be the good

Mental Discovery

The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb

Wise Words


A wise person does not fall down on the same hill twice.