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Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Malaria Prevention Is Goal #6 On The UN Millennium Development Goals

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite, 90 percent of all malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and 77 percent occur in children under five. About 40 percent of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Mosquito netting has a long history of offering protection against mosquitoes and other incest’s that spread disease. A mosquito net gives the sleeper shelter against mosquitoes and other incest’s that spread disease such as Malaria.

There are 52 countries are on track 
to reduce their malaria case 
incidence rates by 75 percent by 2015. 
Photo credit: Alison Bird/USAID

Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that is transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2010 an estimated 219 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 660,000 people died, 91% lived in the African Region. In 2012 malaria conditions slightly improved, there were an estimated 207 million cases of malaria in 2012 and an estimated 627 000 deaths. Unfortunately, 90% of all malaria deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa and 77% occur in children under five.



Malaria has been the number one reason for health center visits in Benin for the last decade. Severe malaria kills 1,500-2,000 Beninese children every year and causes anemia in most children. Since 2008, through the President’s Malaria Initiative, the US distributes over 3 million bed nets. There are 52 countries are on track to reduce their malaria case incidence rates by 75% by 2015. However, these 52 countries only account for 8 million of the total estimated malaria cases. In order for progress to be made against Malaria in the 18 most affected countries, which account for an estimated 80% of malaria cases national government funding for malaria programs needs to increase. About 40% of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  

From 1990-2015, the Millennium Development Goals 25 year project provides a framework for the entire UN system to work together towards a common purpose. The UN Development Group (UNDG) ensures that the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) remain at the center of those efforts. Malaria and other disease prevention is goal #6 under the UN MGD’s.
 
The Eight Millennium Development Goals. These targets are to be achieved by 2015, from their level in 1990:
1.   Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
2.   Achieve universal primary education
3.   Reduce child mortality
4.   Improve maternal health
5.   Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
6.   Global partnerships for development

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