Travel virtually and learn about other places and cultures

If you like honey, fear not the bees. -African Proverb

Sunday, October 14, 2012

Angola: A United Country, Freedom, One People, One Nation

Republic of Angola or Republica de Angola in Portuguese. Angola’s name originates from the Portuguese colonial Reino de Angola.




Angola National Anthem:

O Fatherland, we shall never forget, The heroes of the Fourth of February. O Fatherland, we salute your sons, Who died for our Independence. We honor the past and our history, As by our work we build the New Man. We honor the past and our history, As by our work we build the New Man. Chorus:  Onwards, Angola! Revolution through the power of the People! A United Country, Freedom, One People, one Nation! Let us raise our liberated voices, To the glory of the peoples of Africa. We shall march, Angolan fighters, In solidarity with oppressed peoples. We shall fight proudly for Peace, Along with the progressive forces of the world. We shall fight proudly for Peace Along with the progressive forces of the world.


Name- Republic of Angola or Republica de Angola in Portuguese. Angola’s name originates from the Portuguese colonial Reino de Angola.

Angola
Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Size - Slightly less than twice the size of Texas and 24 times bigger than Republic of Bosnia. Angola is the seventh largest country in Africa 1.25m sq km or 481,354 sq miles. Parts of Angola are contaminated with mines as a result of four decades of almost continuous warfare, making it the most mine-affected country in sub-Saharan Africa and one of the most mined countries in the world.

Capital: Luanda has about 2.5 million residents founded in 1575 by the Portuguese. Major cities are Amboim, Bailundo, Benguela, Caála, Calandula, Camacupa, Chibia, Ganda, Huambo, Kuito, Kuvango, Lubango, Luena, Massango, Mbanza Congo Menongue, Namibe, N’Dalatando, N’Giva, Saurimo, Soyo, Sumbe, Tombua, and Uíje.

Major Ethnic Groups:
Ovimbundu 37%- The Ovimbundu people also called Umbundu, inhabit the Bié Plateau in Angola and speak the Umbundu language.
Kimbundu 25%- The Kimbundu ethnic group or Mbundu speak the Kimbundu language.
Bakongo 13%- The Bakongo speaks the Kikongo language.

Languages: Portuguese is the official language, Umbundu, Kimbundu, and Kikongo

Population: Around 20 million as of July 2012

Administrative divisions: 18 provinces Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Kwando Kubango, Kwanza Norte, Kwanza Sul, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Luanda, Lunda Norte, Lunda Sul, Malanje, Moxico, Namibe, Uige, and Zaire.  

Independence: The Alvor Agreement signed on January 15, 1975, granted Angola independence from Portugal on November 11, 1975.

President: Jose Eduardo dos Santos has been in power since 1979, and is Africa's second-longest serving head of state after Equatorial Guinea's Teodoro Obiang.

Anti-personnel landmines: The Republic of Angola signed the Mine Ban Treaty on December 4, 1997 however, since 1994 Halo has removed and destroyed 21,300 anti-personnel and anti-tank mines so far with its efforts steadily moving out from the town center to areas farther afield.



Capoeira Angola: Capoeira is a dancing fighting performance art form known all over the world especially in Brazil and Angola where it’s considered a cultural heritage.

Flag of Angola
National symbols: The national flag consists of two colors in horizontal bands. The upper band is bright red and the lower one black and they represent: Bright red represents blood shed by Angolans, Black represents the African continent. In the center there is a composition formed by a segment of a cog wheel, symbolizing the workers and industrial production; a machete symbolizing the peasants, agricultural production and the armed struggle; and a star, symbolizing international solidarity and progress. The cog wheel, the machete and the star is yellow, symbolizing the country’s wealth.


Coat of Arms of Angola
Coat of Arms: The insignia of the Republic of Angola is formed by a segment of a cog wheel and sheaves of maize, coffee and cotton, representing respectively the workers and industrial production, the peasants and agricultural production. At the foot of the design, an open book represents education and culture, and the rising sun represents the new country. In the center is a machete and a hoe symbolizing work and the start of the armed struggle. At the top a star symbolizing international solidarity and progress. In the lower part of the emblem is a golden band with the inscription ‘Republic of Angola’.
Angola Avante or Onwards Angola is the national anthem of the Republic of Angola.

Angola national cultural symbols: Welwitschia plant, imbondeiro or baobab tree, Giant Sable African Antelope, sculpture O Pensador or the Thinker.


Share this page

Chic African Culture Featured Articles

Mental Discovery

The eye never forgets what the heart has seen - African Proverb

African Proverb

African Proverb
A tree without roots cannot survive the wind

Africa is waiting for you


Travel virtually and learn about other places and cultures