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Established 2008 Chic African Culture teaches the history of African-food recipes and African-cultures, art, music, and oral literature.

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The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Sunday, June 24, 2012

Liberation Dates of 54 African Countries

African independence is the liberating attitude of being able to survive alone, freedom from control of a foreign nation, having the choice to govern your country by your own people after centuries of being a foreign colony.



African independence, which mainly took place in the 1960’s, meant indigenous Africans were finally able to exercise self-government over the territory in which their ancestors, ancestors lived riding the continent of the relics of colonization and apartheid. On September 9, 1999 54 African countries, in their quest for unity, economic and social development called for the establishment of an African Union. The vision of the African Union is that of “An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in global arena.”

Liberation Dates of 54 African Countries:


1. Algeria 5 July 1962 from France

African Union Flag
African Union Flag
2. Angola 11 November 1975 from Portugal

3. Botswana 30 September 1966 from Britain

4. Burkina Faso 5 August 1960 from France

5. Burundi 1 July 1962 from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration

6. Cameroon 1 January 1960 from French-administered UN trusteeship

7. Cape Verde 5 July 1975 from Portugal

8. Central African Republic 13 August 1960 from France

9. Chad 11 August 1960 from France

10. Congo, Democratic Republic of the 30 June 1960 from Belgium

11. Congo, Republic of the 15 August 1960 from France

12. Cote d'Ivoire 7 August 1960 from France

13. Djibouti 27 June 1977 from France

14. Egypt 28 February 1922 from UK protectorate status; the revolution that began on 23 July 1952 led to a republic being declared on 18 June 1953 and all British troops withdrawn on 18 June 1956; note - it was ca. 3200 B.C. that the Two Lands of Upper southern and Lower northern Egypt were first united politically

15. Eritrea 24 May 1993 from Ethiopia

16. Ethiopia oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.

17. Gabon 17 August 1960 from France

18. Gambia 18 February 1965 from Britain

19. Ghana 6 March 1957 from Britain

20. Guinea-Bissau 24 September 1973 declared; 10 September 1974 from Portugal

21. Kenya 12 December 1963 from Britain

22. Lesotho 4 October 1966 from Britain

23. Liberia 26 July 1847

24. Libya 24 December 1951 from UN trusteeship

25. Madagascar 26 June 1960 from France

26. Malawi 6 July 1964 from Britain

27. Mauritius 12 March 1968 from Britain

28. Morocco 2 March 1956 from France

29. Mozambique 25 June 1975 from Portugal

30. Namibia 21 March 1990 from South African mandate

31. Niger 3 August 1960 from France

32. Nigeria 1 October 1960 from Britain

33. Rwanda 1 July 1962 from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship

34. Sao Tome and Principe 12 July 1975 from Portugal

35. Senegal 4 April 1960 from France; note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960

36. Seychelles 29 June 1976 from Britain

African Union Emblem Meaning

African Union Emblem 


·Palm leaves means peace 


·Gold circle Africa’s wealth

and bright future 


·Green circle African hopes

and aspirations. 
·The plain map of Africa
without boundaries
in the inner circle
 signifies African unity 
·          Small red rings African
solidarity and the blood
shed for liberation of Africa
37. Sierra Leone 27 April 1961 from Britain

38. Somalia 1 July 1960 from a merger of British Somaliland that became independent from Britain on 26 June 1960 and Italian Somaliland that became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic

39. South Africa 31 May 1910 Union of South Africa formed from four British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange Free State; 31 May 1961 republic declared; 27 April 1994 majority rule

40. Sudan 1 January 1956 from Egypt and the UK

41. Southern Sudan Formal independence on July 9, 2011 from Sudan

42. Swaziland 6 September 1968 from Britain

43. Tanzania 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent on 9 December 1961 from UK-administered UN trusteeship; Zanzibar became independent on 19 December 1963 from UK; Tanganyika united with Zanzibar on 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania on 29 October 1964

44. Togo 27 April 1960 from French-administered UN trusteeship

45. Tunisia 20 March 1956 from France

46. Uganda 9 October 1962 from Britain

47. Zambia 24 October 1964 from Britain

48. Zimbabwe 18 April 1980 from Britain

African independence

Five facts about African independence dates

African independence mainly took place in the 1960’s.
Between January and December of 1960, 17 sub-Saharan African nations, including 14 former French colonies, gained independence from their former European colonists.
By 1968 those territories under direct British rule became Lesotho, Botswana, and Swaziland, and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland became Zambia and Malawi.
The longest, most divided, and bloodiest wars against colonialism in the subcontinent occurred in the Portuguese colonies. War lasted from 1961-1974.
Freedom Day is a South African national day celebrated on April 27 every year celebrating freedom and the first post-apartheid elections held on that day in 1994.


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Thursday, June 21, 2012

North African Vegetable Almond Couscous Recipe

North African Vegetable Almond Couscous Recipe

North African Vegetable Almond Couscous photo by cookipedia chef

African Recipes by Couscous deliciously mixes with the flavors of mixed vegetables and almonds as a North African main or side dish recipe. 

Prep time: Cook time: Total time:

Ingredients
2 teaspoons unsalted butter
2 cups vegetable broth
1/2 cup water
1/2 cup frozen mixed vegetables
1/2 cup frozen broccoli florets
1/4 teaspoon salt
10 ounce package couscous
¼ cup slivered almonds


Directions

Bring the vegetables, butter, broth, and water to boil in a medium saucepan. Remove from heat, add couscous cover and let stand for 15 minutes. Fluff couscous with a fork sprinkle with slivered almonds serve warm.


North African Vegetable Almond Couscous photo by cookipedia chef


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Friday, June 15, 2012

Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens African Food Recipe

Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens African Food Recipe
African Collard Greens

Sukuma Wiki is a favorite Collard Greens dish to serve with any number of American and African dishes.




Collard Greens

Where does collard greens originate from; collard greens are not actually an inginous African vegetable, they are a northern European green vegetable. The word collard is a corruption of the German kohlwort, meaning any cabbage with no head.

How to Make Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture
By
African food recipe
Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens African Food
Culture and food of Africa would not be complete without including the African food recipe Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens. In the African Great Lakes region and many parts of East Africa, sukuma wiki or collard greens is a common dish.

Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens

Serves 6
Sukuma Wiki Collard Greens African Food Recipe
Cooking for the village
African food


Ingredients
2 pounds collard greens, chopped
1 cup vegetable broth
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 large white onion, chopped
3 ripe tomatoes, chopped
Salt to taste 

Directions
In a large pot, add oil heat on medium high then add onions saute 2 minutes. Add greens and vegetable broth, stir well, cover and cook until greens are soft, 20 minutes. Add tomatoes and salt, cook covered 5 minutes. 


Learn to make Sukuma Wiki African Collard Greens Recipe


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Friday, June 8, 2012

How the Tortoise overcame the Elephant and the Hippopotamus African Folktale

How the Tortoise overcame the Elephant and the Hippopotamus is a fascinating African folktale. African folktales are stories forming part of an oral storytelling tradition shaped by the tongues of African elders passed down from one generation to the next. 

Read with your child and share wonderful African folktales. Children enjoy listening to many types of African folktales learning from the wisdom and rich tradition of African storytelling. Folktales reflect the morals, superstitions and customs of the African people. Explore the vast collection of folktales, myths, legends with the African Gourmet.

How the Tortoise overcame the Elephant and the Hippopotamus African Folktale


The elephant and the hippopotamus always used to feed together, and were good friends.

One day when they were both dining together, the tortoise appeared and said that although they were both big and strong, neither of them could pull him out of the water with a strong piece of tie-tie, and he offered the elephant ten thousand rods if he could draw him out of the river the next day. The elephant, seeing that the tortoise was very small, said, "If I cannot draw you out of the water, I will give you twenty thousand rods." So on the following morning the tortoise got some very strong tie-tie and made it fast to his leg, and went down to the river. When he got there, as he knew the place well, he made the tie-tie fast round a big rock, and left the other end on the shore for the elephant to pull by, then went down to the bottom of the river and hid himself. The elephant then came down and started pulling, and after a time he smashed the rope.
Photo by William Warby

Directly this happened, the tortoise undid the rope from the rock and came to the land, showing all people that the rope was still fast to his leg, but that the elephant had failed to pull him out. The elephant was thus forced to admit that the tortoise was the winner, and paid to him the twenty thousand rods, as agreed. The tortoise then took the rods home to his wife, and they lived together very happily.

After three months had passed, the tortoise, seeing that the money was greatly reduced, thought he would make some more by the same trick, so he went to the hippopotamus and made the same bet with him. The hippopotamus said, "I will make the bet, but I shall take the water and you shall take the land; I will then pull you into the water."

To this the tortoise agreed, so they went down to the river as before, and having got some strong tie-tie, the tortoise made it fast to the hippopotamus' hind leg, and told him to go into the water. Directly the hippo had turned his back and disappeared, the tortoise took the rope twice round a strong palm-tree which was growing near, and then hid himself at the foot of the tree.

When the hippo was tired of pulling, he came up puffing and blowing water into the air from his nostrils. Directly the tortoise saw him coming up, he unwound the rope, and walked down towards the hippopotamus, showing him the tie-tie round his leg. The hippo had to acknowledge that the tortoise was too strong for him, and reluctantly handed over the twenty thousand rods.

The elephant and the hippo then agreed that they would take the tortoise as their friend, as he was so very strong; but he was not really so strong as they thought, and had won because he was so cunning.
He then told them that he would like to live with both of them, but that, as he could not be in two places at the same time, he said that he would leave his son to live with the elephant on the land, and that he himself would live with the hippopotamus in the water.

This explains why there are both tortoises on the land and tortoises who live in the water. The water tortoise is always much the bigger of the two, as there is plenty of fish for him to eat in the river, whereas the land tortoise is often very short of food.


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