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Established 2008 Chic African Culture teaches the history of African-food recipes and African-cultures, art, music, and oral literature.

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The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Friday, April 27, 2012

Mozambique in Pictures

Mozambique in Pictures

Mozambique in Africa
Officially the Republic of Mozambique, it is a former Portuguese colony located in Southeast Africa.

A row of local dancers greets cruise ship passengers arriving on Mozambique Island

Mozambique in Pictures


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




The historical sites of Mozambique from the Fort of São Sebastiãoto the Polana Church, to Sailing in Ilha de Moçambique and shopping in the numerous markets in Xai-Xai makes the African country of Mozambique a popular tourist destination.

S. Sebastião fortress, Mozambique Island, Mozambique photo by F H Mira
The Fort of São Sebastião 
also known as the Tower of São Sebastião 
is a 16th century military design 
on the Island of Mozambique. 



Cafe in Xai-Xai, Mozambique photo by F H Mira
Market and cafe in the popular 
tourist town of Xai-Xai, Mozambique 











Maputo is the capital and largest city of Mozambique photo by F H Mira
Maputo is the capital and largest 
city of Mozambique



African fabric blowing in the breeze of Mozambique photo by F H Mira
African fabric blowing in the 
breeze of Mozambique







Polana Church, Maputo, Mozambique photo by Tomas Forgac
Polana Church in Maputo, Mozambique was designed 
by the Portuguese architect Nuno Craveiro Lopes. 



Children playing in the city of Maputo, Mozambique aka City of Acacias photo by F H Mira
Children playing in the city of Maputo, Mozambique 
aka City of Acacias.
Sailing in Ilha de Moçambique (The Island of Mozambique), Mozambique photo by F H Mira




Sailing in Ilha de Moçambique 
(The Island of Mozambique), Mozambique





Market in Xai-Xai which is a city in the south of Mozambique photo by F H Mira

 Market in Xai-Xai which is a popular city in the south of Mozambique.


The Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte is located on the most eastern tip of the Island of Mozambique photo by F H Mira



The Chapel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte is located on the most eastern tip of the Island of Mozambique.








Avenida Dos Continuadores on Mozambique Island connects the 16th century castle to the wharf. In 1991 Mozambique Island became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Avenida Dos Continuadores on Mozambique Island connects the 16th century castle to the wharf. In 1991 Mozambique Island became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Locals out for a stroll on Ibo Island, Mozambique.

Locals out for a stroll on Ibo Island, Mozambique.

Did you know?
In Mozambique 45 percent of the population is younger than 15.

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Tuesday, April 24, 2012

Maasai Cattle Traditions

Maasai tribes feel that their society has been given less thought and respect than that of wild animals. Cattle and children are important aspect to the Maasai people.


The Maasai people of East Africa live in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania along the Great Rift Valley on semi-arid and arid lands. Maasai own large herds of cattle, sheep and goats which they follow around seasonally in search of new grazing grounds and water sources. Traditionally Maasai tribes have been an independent tribe.

Cattle and children are important aspect to the Maasai people.
Cattle and children are important aspect to the Maasai people. Cattle play a central role in the life of the Maasai. Cattle represent food and power; the more cattle a Maasai has, the richer he is and therefore the more power and influence he will have within his tribe. Individual, families, and clans established close ties through giving or exchange of cattle. While the Maasai traditions have undergone some changes in the past few decades, their strong social traditions remain intact.

Here's a quote from the Maasai Association; "When a lion attacks a cow, the authorities from wildlife and conservationist organizations would bury their heads under the sand. When a Maasai warrior kills a lion because of killing his cow, the authorities would ferry security personnel to arrest the warrior. In other words, it is acceptable for a lion to kill a cow but not acceptable for a warrior to kill a lion. Lions are more important than the Maasai cows."

The Maasai live in Kraals arranged in a circular fashion. The fence around the kraal is made of acacia thorns, which prevent lions from attacking the cattle. It is a man's responsibility to fence the kraal. The Inkajijik which is the maasai word for a house, are loaf-shaped and made of mud, sticks, grass, cow dung and cow's urine. While women construct the houses. Traditionally, kraals are shared by an extended family.

The Maasai are a semi-nomadic people, fierce protectors their tribe, their cattle and their grazing lands. Maasai struggle to keep their traditional way of life; it is the wildlife parks that present the biggest problem to the Maasai. The largest tracts of land that have been taken and protected for the wildlife has been taken from the Maasai's traditional grazing lands. The Maasai feel that their society has been given less thought and respect than that of wild animals.


The Maasai prayer "Meishoo iyiook enkai inkishu o-nkera" translates to "May Creator give us cattle and children.” Cattle and children are the most important aspect of the Maasai people.


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Saturday, April 21, 2012

Everyone Walks Around Naked and Other Myths About Africa

Lies About Africa

Lies People Believe About Africa


Below are many lies, lies and more lies about Africa and African people that are debunked but are still believed to be true.

Lies about Africa and African people that are debunked


By



Africa is Dangerous

Africa is a continent with revolutions, child soldiers, and stolen children making the news almost every day, it is no wonder the myth about Africa being a dangerous place is a common. "If it bleeds it leads" of course, as we all know bad news sells papers, therefore you do not get to hear about the good things that happen in Africa unless you seek the positive stories out on your own. 

Given the size of the continent, it is not hard to see that there are many perfectly peaceful and safe places in Africa as well as places to avoid, just like any area across the world. There are people in every African country going to work every day, worshiping at church services, laughing with friends and family and watching their kids play soccer on the weekends.

Africa is Full of Diseases

Diseases takes millions of lives every year in Africa because the lack of access to childhood immunization programs and basic health care, not because the continent is infested with illnesses such as Ebola. 

Successful immunization programs have made huge strides in reducing polio and measles on the African continent, AIDS is prevalent all over the world not just in Africa.


All African Politicians are Corrupt

Corrupt politicians are not certainly unique to Africa. Legacies of nepotism politics and corruption have proven difficult to overcome all over the world. Corruption is a global phenomenon and instead of exposing corruption, stakeholders empower corrupt politicians and officials in order to make money off the backs of the poor. 

Africa as well as the world must get it right and support equality. Mo Ibrahim is a successful Sudanese cell phone entrepreneur who is responsible for supplying cell phones to Africa. He sold his company in 2005 with a profit of $640 million. Since 2006, Dr. Mohamed "Mo" Ibrahim $100 million foundation funds an annual prize for the most honest African leader. 

According to the foundation, the winner gets $5 million spread over 10 years, then $200,000 per year after that for life, plus another $200,000 per year to direct to any cause he or she wants.
Past winners of the Ibrahim Prize: 
  • Joaquim Chissano of Mozambique in 2007
  • Festus Mogae of Botswana in 2008

  • In 2009, 2010 and 2013 there was no winner

  • Pedro Verona Pires of Cape Verde in 2011

  • In 2012 the foundation awarded Archbishop Desmond Tutu a one-off $1 million special prize for his lifelong commitment towards "speaking truth to power."

Photo- by Kris Krug

Africa is Backwards, Everyone Walks Around Naked

The idea that technical innovation is lacking in Africa is laughable to anyone who has spent a little time there. Cell phones are in fact being used in hugely innovative ways throughout Africa. 

Kenya has established a highly effective mobile banking system, opening up rural areas to credit in ways that has revolutionized small businesses. Africa's fashion today represents a blend of modern design and traditional African patterns with of vibrant colors. 

Artists such as Kenyan-born Fiber Artist Naomi Wanjiku Gakunga, Keto Couture- Mrs. Kenny Okorie, Ghanaian Fashion Label Kaela-Kay. There are of course smart beautiful hot African fashion magazines like Zen Magazine, ARISE, New African Woman, FabAfriq and AfriPOP!.

There Are Wild Animals Roaming All Over Africa

Africa's wildlife is basically confined to national parks and reserves, including Nairobi's rhinos. Keeping what remains of Africa's wildlife safely in reserves and national parks also helps protect farmers from wildlife destroying crops and eating their cattle. 

That's not to say you'll feel like you are driving around a large zoo when on safari, national parks and protected areas are often larger than many European countries.



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Thursday, April 19, 2012

Isango Ensemble is a South African theatre company

Isango Ensemble is an internationally renowned South African theater company who performs plays in Zulu, Xhosa, Sotho, Tswana, Afrikaans and South African English to name a few languages. 




The Isango Ensemble is based in Cape Town and recruits its cast from the townships around South Africa. The term township typically denotes the living areas that were reserved for non-whites. Watch the Isango Ensemble performance of The Magic Flute or Impempe Yomlingo.





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Wednesday, April 18, 2012

What are Cowpeas?

What are cowpeas, what is bitter leaf? 

Cowpeas originated in Africa. The cowpea is also commonly referred to as black-eyed pea however; the bean is a variety of the cowpea. Cowpeas are an important staple crop in sub-Saharan Africa. Cowpeas are a valuable source of vegetable protein, vitamins as well as valuable income. 

Bitterleaf is a widely used cooking vegetable throughout Africa. Bitter leaf has a strong odor and a bitter taste. Yoruba people call bitter leaf Ewuro and the Igbo tribe Onugbu. Bitter leaf grows in a large range of biological zones in Africa, produces many leaves, and is drought tolerant. Here is an easy recipe for Spicy Vegetarian Cowpeas and Bitter Leaf Stew.

Spicy Vegetarian Cowpeas and Bitter Leaf Stew Recipe

Ingredients:
Spicy Vegetarian Cowpeas and Bitter Leaf Stew
Spicy Vegetarian Cowpeas and Bitter Leaf Stew
Photo by joefoodie
2 cups dry cowpeas or black-eyed peas
2 scallions, chopped
3 handfuls of chopped bitter leaf
1 potato, chopped into large chunks
3 cloves whole garlic
1 red chili pepper
5 cups water
Dash salt

Directions:
Place all ingredients in a large pot and bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer for 30 minutes. Serve with soft bread.

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Africa is a deep ocean of language diversity

Thousands of languages spoken in Africa

Language diversity
The top 10 most spoken languages in Africa in order are; Arabic, Kiswahili (Swahili), Hausa, English, Amharic, French, Oromo, Yoruba, Igbo and Zulu.

There are thousands of languages spoken in Africa; over 2,000 in fact.


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Below is a list of African countries and their languages compiled by the World Factbook. Every language is a temple, in which the soul of those who speak it is enshrined. - Oliver Wendell Holmes



African Country       
  Languages Spoken
Algeria
Arabic (official), French (lingua franca), Berber dialects: Kabylie Berber (Tamazight), Chaouia Berber (Tachawit), Mzab Berber, Tuareg Berber (Tamahaq)
Angola Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
Benin French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
Botswana Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English (official) 2.1%, other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Burkina Faso French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Burundi Kirundi 29.7% (official), Kirundi and other language 9.1%, French (official) and French and other language 0.3%, Swahili and Swahili and other language 0.2% (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area), English and English and other language 0.06%, more than 2 languages 3.7%, unspecified 56.9% (2008 est.)
Cabo Verde Portuguese (official), Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)
Cameroon 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Central African Republic French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Chad French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
Comoros Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Congo, Republic of the French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Cote d'Ivoire French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken
Djibouti French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Egypt Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Equatorial Guinea Spanish (official) 67.6%, other (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) 32.4% (1994 census)
Eritrea Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
Ethiopia Oromo (official working language in the State of Oromiya) 33.8%, Amharic (official national language) 29.3%, Somali (official working language of the State of Sumale) 6.2%, Tigrigna (Tigrinya) (official working language of the State of Tigray) 5.9%, Sidamo 4%, Wolaytta 2.2%, Gurage 2%, Afar (official working language of the State of Afar) 1.7%, Hadiyya 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, Opuuo 1.2%, Kafa 1.1%, other 8.1%, English (major foreign language taught in schools), Arabic (2007 est.)
Gabon French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Gambia, The English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Ghana Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census)
Guinea French (official)
note: each ethnic group has its own language
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
Kenya English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Lesotho Sesotho (official) (southern Sotho), English (official), Zulu, Xhosa
Liberia English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages few of which can be written or used in correspondence
Libya Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)
Madagascar French (official), Malagasy (official), English
Malawi English (official), Chichewa (common), Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chilomwe, Chinkhonde, Chingoni, Chisena, Chitonga, Chinyakyusa, Chilambya
Mali French (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other 8.5%
Mauritania Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya (a variety of Arabic)
Mauritius Creole 86.5%, Bhojpuri 5.3%, French 4.1%, two languages 1.4%, other 2.6% (includes English, the official language, which is spoken by less than 1% of the population), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Morocco Arabic (official), Berber languages (Tamazight (official), Tachelhit, Tarifit), French (often the language of business, government, and diplomacy)
Mozambique Emakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%, other 4% (1997 census)
Namibia Oshiwambo languages 48.9%, Nama/Damara 11.3%, Afrikaans 10.4% (common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population), Otjiherero languages 8.6%, Kavango languages 8.5%, Caprivi languages 4.8%, English (official) 3.4%, other African languages 2.3%, other 1.7%
Niger French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Nigeria English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
Rwanda Kinyarwanda only (official, universal Bantu vernacular) 93.2%, Kinyarwanda and other language(s) 6.2%, French (official) and other language(s) 0.1%, English (official) and other language(s) 0.1%, Swahili (or Kiswahili, used in commercial centers) 0.02%, other 0.03%, unspecified 0.3% (2002 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese 98.4% (official), Forro 36.2%, Cabo Verdian 8.5%, French 6.8%, Angolar 6.6%, English 4.9%, Lunguie 1%, other (including sign language) 2.4%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)
Senegal French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Seychelles Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)
Sierra Leone English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Somalia Somali (official), Arabic (official, according to the Transitional Federal Charter), Italian, English
South Africa IsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)
South Sudan English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk
Sudan Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur note: program of "Arabization" in process
Swaziland English (official, used for government business), siSwati (official)
Tanzania Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
Togo French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
Tunisia Arabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)
Uganda English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Western Sahara Standard Arabic (national), Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Zambia Bembe 33.4%, Nyanja 14.7%, Tonga 11.4%, Lozi 5.5%, Chewa 4.5%, Nsenga 2.9%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (North Western) 1.9%, Kaonde 1.8%, Lala 1.8%, Lamba 1.8%, English (official) 1.7%, Luvale 1.5%, Mambwe 1.3%, Namwanga 1.2%, Lenje 1.1%, Bisa 1%, other 9.2%, unspecified 0.4%
Zimbabwe English (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects



Did you know?
Click languages are a group of languages found only in Africa in which clicks function as normal consonants. In all click languages, clicks form only a portion, though sometimes the main portion of the total number of consonants of the language. Clicks are used extensively in the vocabulary of Khoisan languages, and they are the initial sounds in approximately 70 percent of the words.

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