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Established 2008 Chic African Culture is an Africa learning tool to meet the demand for better education about Africa.

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The person who is not patient cannot eat well-cooked dishes. -African Proverb

Tuesday, May 12, 2009

Lozi (loh-zee) a Bantu Language

Lozi (loh-zee) language

Lozi (loh-zee) language
The Lozi language also known as Silozi and Rozi language is spoken by the Lozi people of Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, and Namibia with total speakers of approximately a half million people.

Zambia, Africa school children

Zambia Lozi people represent 5.7 percent of the population with 5.5 percent speaking the Lozi language.


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Zambia is said to have over 70 languages.



Lozi is an official language in Zambia. It is used in the media in Zambia and in The Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is also used in education and administration in Namibia. 

The spelling system for the Lozi language was standardized in Zambia in 1977.


Lozi (loh-zee) 101 Some common Lozi words are:

1. Ambile- To Speak

The spelling system for the Lozi language was standardized in Zambia in 1977.2. Amo-Tie

3. Boi- Shyness

4. Cali- Shawl

5. Ciso-Burning

6. Good luck- Ni ku lakaleza litohonolo

7. Good night- Lobala ka kozo

8. How are you? - U pila cwang?

9. Sorry- Ni swalele

10. Welcome- Mu amuhezwi


Did you know?
The capital of Zambia is Lusaka however, a proposal to build a new capital city in Ngabwe was announced in May 2017.

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Monday, May 11, 2009

Turmeric Pan Fried Goat Recipe


What does goat meat taste like? Goat meat tastes like a cross between lamb and venison but honestly goat meat taste like goat meat similar to chicken tastes like chicken.


Certain religions, the process of preparation of the meat rather than the meat itself are examined. In Arabic, the word halal means permitted or lawful. Halal foods are foods that are allowed under Islamic dietary guidelines. Islamic laws, divide foods into arām, which are forbidden or sinful, and halal, which are permitted foods. Goat meat is an important source of meat for centuries around the world.



Turmeric Pan Fried Goat Recipe


Ingredients

½ pound goat fillets cut into 1 inch strips

½ turmeric

 Pan Fried Goat

Pan Fried Goat


½ garlic powder

½ teaspoon salt

½ cumin

½ curry

½ cup fresh coriander leaves

Ghee for frying



Directions

Fill pan with ghee to come just 1/8-inch up the side of a 12-inch cast iron skillet or heavy frying pan. Mix all ingredients in a large bowl. Sauté goat meat and spices in ghee about 3 minutes. Remove from heat serve over rice.


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Sunday, May 10, 2009

Slow Cooker Curry Goat Stew

Learn how to cook healthy Slow Cooker Curry Goat Stew while eating and exploring our way through Africa one country at a time. Slow Cooker Curry Goat Stew is delicious; the recipe is full of flavor and spice lovingly prepared by African families for generations. You don't need to brown the meat before cooking it in a slow cooker since goat meat is very low in fat. Remember, every time you lift the lid, you lose heat especially if you are cooking on low therefore each time you lift the lid, extended cooking time 25- 30 minutes.

Slow Cooker Goat Stew

Ingredients:

Slow Cooker Goat Stew
5 cloves of garlic crushed
1 ½ pounds goat cut into 1” cubes
1 cup chopped onions
2 heaping tablespoons tomato paste
1 tablespoon curry powder
2 cups beef stock
Salt and pepper to taste

14 ounce can stew tomatoes

Directions:
1. Add all ingredients in the slow cooker
2. Simmer on high 4-5 hours or on low 8-10 hours

3. Add tomatoes the last hour if cooking on low or 30 minutes if cooking on high

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Saturday, May 9, 2009

Groundnut Nigerian Stew

Some of the best food originates from Nigeria. 


Peppery stews are commonplace everyday meals in Nigerian households. One such stew is groundnut stew. Groundnut stew is commonly eaten with another West African staple Fufu, below is a variation of groundnut stew using chicken.

Nigeria is located in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. Nigeria is slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of California. The three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country in the world.

Pounding FUFU to eat with groundnut stew

Groundnut Stew

Ingredients:
2 tablespoons palm oil
2 filleted chicken breasts
4 cups vegetable stock
1 medium onion, chopped
1 large bell pepper finely chopped
1 teaspoon minced garlic
16 oz can crushed tomatoes
1 tablespoon red pepper flake
1/4 teaspoon cumin
1/4 teaspoon ginger
1/8 teaspoon cloves
1/4 teaspoon cardamom
1/3 cup creamy peanut butter
1/4 cup uncooked rice

Directions:

Heat oil in a large pot over medium heat. Sauté onions, bell pepper and garlic about 3 minutes. Add chicken, tomatoes, vegetable stock, peanut butter and spices. Reduce heat to low and simmer 15 minutes. Add rice cover and simmer 15 minutes.




Did you know…?
For many Africans, stew and fufu is a classic meal similar to soup and crackers in the USA.

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Friday, May 8, 2009

Senegal's Door of No Return Dispute

On Senegal's Goree Island outside of its capital Dakar, an important historical site sits as a memorial to the human toll of African slavery. But, at what point does the symbolism overshadow the reality? 


 In 1978, UNESCO officially named The House of Slaves a world heritage site.
Statue of captured slaves on Goree island
The House of Slaves and its door of no return is a museum and memorial opened in 1962 but many believe Senegal's Goree Island is marginal to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. The House Slaves in Goree is the former home of the merchant Nicolas Pépin, built on ancient walls in the late eighteenth century.

From 1501 to 1866, an estimated 12 million slaves from Africa were captured, bought and enslaved thru the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade; of these, 33,000 came from Goree Island.  That means only 0.27 percent of slaves ever actually stepped through the door of no return. The House of Slaves plaque states millions of slaves passed through its walls and the door of no return. In 1978, UNESCO officially named The House of Slaves a world heritage site.

Boubacar Joseph Ndiaye, curator of The House of Slaves claimed that more than 15 million slaves passed through the door of no return. Senegal in 1958 acquired the House of Slaves and Ndiaye was appointed the first curator in 1962 when it opened its doors. In June 2006, he was officially a  "living human treasure".

The House of Slaves and its door of no return is a museum and memorial opened in 1962
The house of slaves and the door of no return
In the 1989 Philip D. Curtin, a historian of the African slave trade stated the door of no return is an exaggerated truth. Curtin and a colleague started the department of African languages and literature at the University of Wisconsin, which the American Historical Association said was the first in the United States. Since realizing Goree Islands past, historians have been struggling with the island's actual significance to the trans-Atlantic slave trade vs people’s emotional and cultural perceptions. 

UNESCO states, “The Island of Goree testifies to an unprecedented human experience in the history of humanity. Indeed, for the universal conscience, this memory island is the symbol of the slave trade of suffering, tears, and death.”

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Tuesday, May 5, 2009

What is the Comoros Fomboni Accord?

What is the Comoros Fomboni Accord

Union of the Comoros, Fomboni Agreement
In 2001, the Union of the Comoros; Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore signed the Fomboni Agreement. The Fomboni Agreement states the federal presidency rotates among the three islands of Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore, however, each island maintains its local government.

The Fomboni Agreement is named after the capital of the island of Moheli in the Union of Comoros


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




The African nation Comoros is actually three small islands; Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore.


The African nation Comoros is actually three small islands; Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore.
The African nation Comoros is actually three
small islands; Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore.
In Southern Africa lies a group of African islands at the northern opening of the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean, Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore volcanic islands collectively known as Union of the Comoros. 

In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Azali Assoumani seized power of the government and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Agreement.

The Fomboni Agreement is named after the capital of the island of Moheli in the Union of Comoros. The Fomboni Agreement states the federal presidency rotates among the three islands of Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore however, each island maintains its local government. The referendum was held December 2001 and the new Union of Comoros was created.

In 2007, Mohamed Bacar ignored the 2000 Fomboni Agreement and invoked Anjouan's outdated secession pact from the Union of Comoros, refusing to step down when Comoros' other islands held elections. March 2008 the African Union and Comoran soldiers seized Anjouan and in May 2011, Ikililou Dhoinine was elected president.  

Comoros (Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore islands) have few natural resources except vanilla, cloves, and ylang-ylang oil.
Moroni Comoros
Comoros (Anjouan, Moheli and Grande Comore islands) have few natural resources except vanilla, cloves, and ylang-ylang oil. Comoros exports about 80% of the world's supply of ylang-ylang oil, an essential oil that is the main ingredient of most high-end perfumes.  

However, Comoros is one of the world's poorest countries. The country is not self-sufficient in food production and rice which is the main staple, is imported.

On the 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) Comoros ranks 30th overall among African countries scoring 49.3/100. On the (IIAG) scale the country scored lowest in sustainable economic opportunity scoring an overall 44th place 31.3/100; Public Management 46th place 30.1/100 46th place, Business Environment 39th place 33/100, Infrastructure 36th place 26.6/100 and Rural Sector 47th place 35.6/100.

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Sunday, May 3, 2009

Popular African Spices

Popular African Food Spices
Popular African Food Spices

Africans have developed a distinctive food pallet using a myriad of popular African spices in stews and soups, chutneys, fruits and vegetables and so much more.




Popular African Food Spices
There are more exciting spices than salt and pepper, here are a very small sampling of common herbs and spices used in African cooking.

Popular African Food Spices and Recipes

Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture


Sea of Spices by sara Marlowe
African Bird Pepper- this pepper comes in a scorching 70,000 -150,000 Scoville Heat Units. African bird pepper, commonly referred to also as piri piri (pepper-pepper)


Cardamom- has a gingery pine flavor and if using whole seeds crack before using.

Cinnamon- made of ground dried tree bark, sometimes left whole. Most of the cinnamon comes from trees of the "cinnamon cassia" family.

Coriander- the seed of the cilantro plant, the taste is citrus sweet flavor. The African countries of Morocco and Egypt produce a lot amount of the world’s coriander.

Cumin- a member of the parsley family and has a strong earthy flavor. During the middle ages, people believed that a joyful life would come to the bride and groom who carried Cumin seeds during the entire wedding ceremony.

Fenugreek- extremely fragrant and the taste are robust, sweet, and a bit bitter. In cooking, there is not really a substitute for this unique spice.

Popular African food spicesGarlic- related to the lily family, grows in heads or clumps of cloves, and garlic is a relative of the onion. Cooks use garlic fresh and dried in recipes, garlic and has a strong flavor and concentrated aroma.

Ginger- a clean, citrus warm intense taste too much ginger translates to hot and spicy on the tongue. Ginger is one of the most popular spices in Africa.

Lemon Grass- has a strong citrus flavor, substitute for lemon zest in a recipe.

Nutmeg- sweet, nutty, heady fragrance and tastes warm and a bit sweet.

Saffron- the world’s most expensive spice, Saffron threads are the stigma of the purple crocus and it takes 175,000-225,000 manually selected flowers to make a pound of saffron. Saffron has a strong aroma and a pungent, sweet taste and gives foods a brilliant yellow color.

Tamarind- native to the tropics of Africa tamarind is a brownish slightly sour tasting pod popular in Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean.

Turmeric- sharp, peppery, slightly musty, earthy aroma with an astringent flavor. Turmeric also adds a vivid yellow color to foods.

By
African food recipe
Culture and food of Africa
Culture and food of Africa would not be complete without including the African food spice recipe Garam Masala. This easy spice recipe is an easy recipe for vegetables, poultry, soups and stews.

Popular African Food Spice Recipe Homemade Garam Masala

Serves 30
African Spice

Traditionally, South African Indian recipes call for garam masala, a blend of seven spices, cumin, coriander, cardamom, black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg. 


Spices give South African Indian cuisine its unique flavor and character. Most South African Indian recipes call for many different types of spices, many you may never have used. Do not assume that these Indian spices are hard to find, most are to be found in your local supermarkets, and if you cannot find them there, visit the local Indian grocery store.


Garam masala is a strong spice mixture and is the heart of most Indian dishes.


Traditionally, South African Indian recipes call for garam masala, a blend of seven spices, cumin, coriander, cardamom, black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg.
South African Indian recipe for garam masala

Homemade Garam Masala


Ingredients
½ teaspoon ground cumin
1 teaspoon ground coriander
1 ½ teaspoons ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon ground cardamom
½ teaspoon ground cloves
½ teaspoon ground black pepper
½ teaspoon ground nutmeg

Directions
Mix all spices in a bowl, place mix in an airtight container, and store in a cool, dry place for up to 2 months. Ground spices lose their favors faster than whole spices, the best way to use homemade garam masala is in small batches.

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Friday, May 1, 2009

Egyptian Aseer Asab Sugarcane Juice Drink Recipe

Drinking Raw Sugarcane Juice

Sugarcane Juice
Aseer asab is a sweet Egyptian drink made by pressing peeled sugarcane stalks into a sugarcane press.

Sugarcane

Drinking Raw Sugarcane Juice Interesting Sugarcane Facts and An Easy Sugarcane Drink Recipe


Explore and Understand Africa Through Her Food and Culture




Sweet Egyptian sugarcane drink.


Facts About SugarCane

Sugarcane is cultivated in Upper Egypt in spring and autumn each year.
Sugarcane is much sweeter than processed sugar.
Native to the warm temperate to tropical regions sugarcane is a natural sweet treat.
Sugarcane is cultivated for its natural sweet juice; there are many uses of sugar cane including the production of table and brown sugar, molasses, rum and soda.

Aseer asab is a sweet Egyptian sugarcane drink made by pressing peeled sugar cane stalks into a sugarcane press. If you don’t have a sugarcane press use sugarcane syrup. By , March 1, 2009
  Injera Bread 
Sugarcane is much sweeter than processed sugar.  


Egyptian Summer Aseer Asab Sugarcane Juicer

African Recipes by
In Egypt, sugarcane “aseer asab” juice is a popular drink in Egypt.

Ingredients: 
2 tablespoons Sugar cane syrup 
2 cups Unsweetened fruit juice 
1 squeeze Lemon 
2 ounces distilled beverage or taste 

Directions:
1. Add all ingredients into a large jar and mix well. 
2. Add ice and serve. Sugar cane syrup is a thick syrup, use in place of simple syrup as a sweetener in cocktails.




Did you know?
Rum is a distilled alcoholic beverage made from sugarcane byproducts.

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Mental Discovery

A bird sits on a tree it likes - African Proverb

Chic African Culture Featured Articles

Wise Words


A wise person does not fall down on the same hill twice.